Harold Baron Jackson
3 November 1915
|Died||23 May 2012 (aged 96)|
New York, New York, USA
|Station(s)||WBLS – New York KGFJ/ KUTE – Los Angeles|
|Previous show(s)||The Bronze Review|
The House That Jack Built
Jackson was born in Charleston, South Carolina, the fifth child of Eugene and Laura Jackson; his father was a tailor. His parents died when he was young, and he grew up in Washington, D.C., where he was raised by relatives; he attended Howard University, but did not get a degree.
Jackson began his career as a sportswriter, covering local and national black sporting events for the Washington DC Afro-American. In the 1940s, he became one of the first African American radio sports announcers, broadcasting Howard's home baseball games and the Homestead Grays Negro league baseball games.
In 1940, he became the first African American host at WINX in Washington with The Bronze Review, a nightly interview program. He later hosted The House That Jack Built, a program of jazz and blues on three Washington-Baltimore radio stations (WINX, WANN, and WOOK),
Jackson first moved to New York City in November 1949, when he was hired by station WLIB, which wanted to expand the amount of black programming it offered. By 1954, he became the first radio personality to broadcast three daily shows on three different New York stations. Four million listeners tuned in nightly to hear Jackson's mix of music and conversations with jazz and show business celebrities.
In 1971, Jackson and Percy Sutton, a former Manhattan borough president, co-founded the Inner City Broadcasting Corporation (ICBC), which acquired WLIB — becoming the first African-American owned-and-operated station in New York. The following year, ICBC acquired WLIB-FM, changing its call letters to WBLS ("the total Black experience in Sound"). As of the late 2000s ICBC, of which Jackson was group chairman, owns and operates stations in New York; San Francisco; Philadelphia; Pittsburgh; Fort Lauderdale; Columbia, South Carolina; and Jackson, Mississippi. The flagship station was hampered by its frequency, sharing it with WOWO of Fort Wayne, Indiana. After being turned down by the FCC to change frequencies, Inner City Broadcasting, in an industry unprecedented move, purchased WOWO solely to reduce its output and upped the power of the NYC transmitters to 50,000 watts daytime/30,000 watts night, and subsequently be heard full-time across the entire New York market.
As of February 2011, nonagenarian Jackson continued to host Sunday Classics on WBLS each Sunday from 3 to 6 p.m., with Clay Berry and Deborah Bolling Jackson, known professionally as Debi B., his wife. of 25 years.
In 1990, Hal Jackson was the first minority inducted into the National Association of Broadcaster's Hall of Fame. In 1995, he became the first African-American inducted into the National Radio Hall of Fame. In 2001 the Broadcast and Cable Hall of Fame inducted Jackson. For over 11 years he hosted a radio program rated No. 1 by Arbitron in its time slot on 107.5 WBLS in New York, the Hal Jackson Sunday Morning Classics. He was given a Pioneer Award by the Rhythm and Blues Foundation in 2003. In October 2010 he was named a "Giant in Broadcasting" by the Library of American Broadcasting. Jackson was also inducted into the Guinness Book of World Records as being the oldest broadcaster, with a record 73-year career.
Jackson was the founder of the Hal Jackson Talented Teens International Competition.
Jackson died of natural causes in New York City on 23 May 2012, with his wife and three children at his bedside at the age of 96. He often signed off the air with the motto; reminding listeners, "It's nice to be important, but it's important to be nice."
- African American firsts
- Frankie Crocker
- Yvonne Daniels
- Imhotep Gary Byrd
- Kool DJ Red Alert
- Bob Perkins
- Vaughn Harper
- Lavada Durst
- Joseph Deighton Gibson Jr.
- Black-appeal stations
- Marc Fisher. "Hal Jackson, Black Radio Pioneer and Civil Rights Activist, Dies at 96." Washington Post, May 24, 2012.
- Hal Jackson, with James Haskins. The House that Jack Built. Colossus Books, 2001, p. 33.
- Jackson, Hal, with James Haskins. The House that Jack Built. Colossus Books, 2001, p. 37.
- Jackson, Hal, with James Haskins. The House that Jack Built. Colossus Books, 2001., pp. 94–96
- "WLIB Inks Dee Cee Talker for New Show." New York Age, 12 November 1949, p. 18.
- "New York Radio Guide – Station Information for WLIB-AM". Nyradioguide.com. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- Jerry Barmash (24 May 2012). "Hal Jackson, Black Radio Legend, Dies at 96 | FishbowlNY". Adweek.com. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Radio-History.com | New York City AM Radio History – Page 4". Angelfire.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "The Legendary Hal Jackson: Hal Jackson's Sunday Classics With Debi B. & Clay Berry", WBLS.com, n.d. WebCitation archive.
- "Debi B.", WBLS.com. WebCitation archive.
- "debib". Wbls.com. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- Watkins, Mel (24 May 2012). "Hal Jackson, Pioneer in Radio and Racial Progress, Dies at 96". Retrieved 28 January 2019 – via NYTimes.com.
- "Hal Jackson". NYS Broadcasters Association – Hall of Fame. 20 March 2006. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "Honor Roll – 15 October ♦ Luncheon ♦ Gotham Hall". Giantsofbroadcasting.com. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Audrey's Whirl: Family & Friends Bid Farewell to Black Radio Trailblazer – Harold 'Hal' B. Jackson". EURweb. Retrieved 25 February 2016.
- "Hal Jackson's Talented Teens!". www.talentedteens.com. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
- "Hal Jackson, 96, New York Broadcaster Who Broke Racial Barriers in Radio, Dies", by Mel Watkins, The New York Times, May 24, 2012
- "Hal Jackson, pioneer on black radio, dies at 97". NY Daily News. 29 January 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "Longtime DJ Hal Jackson Dies at 96". Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "Camille Cosby, Kathleen Battle Win Candace Awards". Jet. 82 (13): 16–17. 20 July 1992.
- James Haskins, Hal Jackson The House that Jack Built – My life as a trailblazer in broadcasting and entertainment, Ed. Amistad; New York 2001
- Evangelos Andreou, Hal Jackson – Wow!!! 25th Anniversary. "EI" Magazine of European Art Center (EUARCE) of Greece, Issue 10, 1995 p. 13, 40–41