Hal Roach Studios
|Founded||July 23, 1914|
|Fate||Replaced by Sonar Entertainment|
Theatrical feature films
Theatrical short films
|Parent||Quintex Australia Ltd./RHI Entertainment/Sonar Entertainment (1988-present)|
Hal Roach Studios has been an American motion picture and television production studio. Known as The Laugh Factory to the World, it was founded by producer Hal Roach and business partners Dan Linthicum and I.H. Nance as the Rolin Film Company on July 23, 1914. The studio lot, at 8822 Washington Boulevard in Culver City, California, United States, was built in 1920, at which time Rolin was renamed to Hal E. Roach Studios.
Roach saw significant success in the 1920s with series of short comedy films featuring stars such as Harold Lloyd, Snub Pollard, and the Our Gang kids. The studio produced both short films and features for distribution through Pathé Exchange until 1927, when it signed a new distribution deal with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. By the early 1930s, the studio had entered a golden age, with a line-up of many of film's most popular comedians, including Laurel and Hardy, Charley Chase, Our Gang, Thelma Todd, and Zasu Pitts. As movie theaters began to favor double features over single-feature programs with added short films—Roach's specialty—the studio's focus shifted from shorts to features, such as Topper and Laurel and Hardy's Way Out West (both 1937).
In the early 1940s, Roach began producing "streamliner" features—shorter films running 40–50 minutes, intended for exhibition as B movies. From 1942–1945, the studio was leased to the First Motion Picture Unit for the production of training and propaganda films, primarily for the Army Air Forces.
With the television boom of the 1950s, Hal Roach Studios shifted to all-TV production and produced Amos 'n' Andy and The Stu Erwin Show. It also housed other independent TV production companies, including The Abbott and Costello Show and Wild Bill Hickock.
In April 1959, the studio was closed due to bankruptcy under the management of Roach’s son Hal Roach, Jr. Hal, Sr. returned to try to resurrect it; but by December 1962, the lot was permanently closed. One of the very last screen productions made there was "Two", the Season 3 premiere episode of The Twilight Zone. Filmed on the Roach backlot in the latter half of 1961, the post-apocalyptic tale (which featured rising stars Charles Bronson and Elizabeth Montgomery) made full creative use of the derelict state of the backlot's city building sets, which had by then fallen into serious disrepair, and thus required little extra preparation by the crew. In August 1963, the lot was demolished after several auctions and sales of the company’s assets.
Hal Roach, Jr. died of pneumonia in 1972. Hal, Sr. sold his interest in Hal Roach Studios to a Canadian investment group in 1971; he died in 1992. As a corporate entity, Hal Roach Studios survived into the 1980s, managing the rights to its catalog, primarily the Laurel and Hardy films, and sporadic new productions such as Kids Incorporated. It also became a pioneer in digital film colorization, purchasing a 50% interest in pioneering company Colorization, Inc. Through Colorization, Inc., Hal Roach Studios produced colorized versions of classic black-and-white Roach films, beginning with Topper and Way Out West, and became the first studio to distribute colorized films in 1985. Roach's Colorization, Inc. also colorized films from other studios as well.
- Ward, Richard Lewis (2006-08-15). A History of the Hal Roach Studios. SIU Press. pp. 9–11, 39. ISBN 9780809388066.
- Maltin, Leonard; Bann, Richard W. (1992). The Little Rascals: The Life & Times of Our Gang (2nd ed.). New York: Crown Publishing/Three Rivers Press. pp. 1–3, 68.
- Ward, pp. 59-63.
- Ward, pp. 96-97.
- Ward, pp. 116-123.
- Hollywood's Army: The First Motion Picture Unit, US Army Air Forces, Culver City, California
- Ward, pp. 153-156.
- maltin & Bann, pp. 8.
- Edgerton, Gary R. (Winter 2000). "The Germans Wore Gray, You Wore Blue". Journal of Popular Film and Television. 27 (4): 24–32. doi:10.1080/01956050009602812. S2CID 159900256.
- "Topper". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- Topper (Media notes). Hal Roach Studios Film Classics, Inc. 1985.
It seems fitting that Topper should again be on the cutting edge of change, this time heralding the age of Colorization as the first completed Color version of a classic black and white motion picture.
- "Roach Enters Home Market". Billboard. April 13, 1985. Retrieved 2016-07-03.
- Delugach, Al (October 28, 1986). "Roach Studios to Buy Ray Stark's Production Unit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 1, 2018.
- "People: Nation". Los Angeles Times. July 23, 1986. Retrieved January 3, 2018.