Halachó Municipality

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Halachó Yucatan
Municipality
West Coast Region 7 #033
West Coast Region 7 #033
Halachó Yucatan is located in Mexico
Halachó Yucatan
Halachó Yucatan
West Coast Region 7 #033
Coordinates: 20°29′0″N 90°05′0″W / 20.48333°N 90.08333°W / 20.48333; -90.08333Coordinates: 20°29′0″N 90°05′0″W / 20.48333°N 90.08333°W / 20.48333; -90.08333
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Flag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Government
 • Type PAN Party (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal President Maria Cecilia Abraham Hoyos[2]
Area
 • Total 671.91 km2 (259.43 sq mi)
  [2]
Population (2005[3][4])
 • Total 18,125
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 033
Major Airport Merida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA Code MID
ICAO Code MMMD
Website Nuestros municipios - Halachó

Halachó Municipality (In the Yucatec Maya Language: “Place of the giant reed or rat hurdle”) is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (671.91 km2) of land and located roughly 68 km southwest of the city of Mérida.[2]

History[edit]

The area belonged to the chieftainship of Ah-Canul the mid-fifteenth century and after the conquest was designated as an encomienda to Gaspar Pacheco in 1549.[2] In 1644 the encomedero of Halachó was Juan Quijada Rosado, but in 1659 it had been taken over by Cristóbal de Contreras by virtue of his marriage to Francisca Dorantes Solís, who belonged to an influential family.[5] In 1700, the encomendero was Jacinto de Almeida,[6] but by 1740 the Doña Ignacia del Castillo y Solis was in possession of the encomienda Halachó.[7] with the charge for 168 Indians. It then passed to Don Pedro Cepeda y Lira.[2]

In 1821, Yucatán was declared independent of the Spanish Crown. In 1825 the area was part of the Camino Real Bajo, with its headquarters in Hunucmá. By 1875, Halachó was elevated to the category of a town, but by 1921 it was reclassified as a village. Since 1910, the town of Halachó has contained two peoples, those who descend from Cepeda and those who descend from Cuch Holoch.[2]

Governance[edit]

The municipal president is elected for a term of three years. The president appoints nine Councilpersons to serve on the board for three year terms, as the Secretary and councilors of villages, special events, education, culture and sports, street lighting, health and welfare, city image, market and supply, public works, public monuments, and nomenclature.[8]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[8]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[8]

Communities[edit]

The seat of the municipality is in Halachó. The municipality is made up of 8 larger communities and 5 small ones. The small communities are Hala, Hacienda Santa Julia, San José, Tanchí, and Xocchel. The larger ones are:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 19,072[9]
Cepeda 2850 in 2005[10]
Chucholoch 2040 in 2005[11]
Dzidzibachi 722 in 2005[12]
Halachó 9045 in 2005[13]
Kancabchén 421 in 2005[14]
San Mateo 265 in 2005[15]
Santa María Acú 1349 in 2005[16]
Sihó 1386 in 2005[17]

Local festivals[edit]

Annually a festival to the Virgen de Santa Ana is held from 13 to 17 April; from 19 July to 4 August is a festival in honor of St. James the Apostle; and the local fiesta is held the last week of November each year.[2]

Landmarks[edit]

Architectural[edit]

  • St. James Church, in the municipal seat of Halachó, erected in the sixteenth century.
  • Hacienda Chunchucmil
  • Hacienda Kochol
  • Hacienda Santa Maria Acu[2]

Archaeological[edit]

  • Siho Oxkintok archeological site[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gobiernos: Presidentes Municipales". Partido Acción Nacional (in Spanish). Mexico City, Mexico: Partido Acción Nacional. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Municipios de Yucatán » Halachó". Gobierno del Estado de Yucatán (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Gobierno del Estado de Yucatán. 12 June 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Encyclopedia of the Municipalities of Mexico: Yucatan". Retrieved 2009-11-01. 
  4. ^ Census Results by Locality, 2005 INEGI.
  5. ^ Kú Mis, Miguel Ángel (2009). "Helachó del Postclásico Tradío al Porfiriato". Programa de Desarrollo Cultural Municipal (in Spanish) (Mérida, Mexico: Instituto de Cultura de Yucatán): 1–76. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  6. ^ Solís Robleda, Gabriela (2003). Bajo el signo de la compulsión (in Spanish) (1. ed. ed.). México: M. A. Porrúa. p. 174. ISBN 970-701-310-9. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  7. ^ García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1972). La sociedad de Yucatán (1700-1750) (in Spanish). España: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas. p. 74. ISBN 978-84-00-02030-9. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c "Halachó". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Mexico In Figures: Halachó, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish/English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Cepeda". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Chucholoch". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Dzidzibachi". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Halachó". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Kancabchén" (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "San Mateo". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "Santa María Acú". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015. 
  17. ^ "Sihó". PueblosAmerica (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2015.