Halbturn

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Halbturn
HalbturnCastleAustria.JPG
Coat of arms of Halbturn
Coat of arms
Halbturn is located in Austria
Halbturn
Halbturn
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°52′N 16°58′E / 47.867°N 16.967°E / 47.867; 16.967Coordinates: 47°52′N 16°58′E / 47.867°N 16.967°E / 47.867; 16.967
Country Austria
State Burgenland
District Neusiedl am See
Government
 • Mayor Peter Nachtnebel
Area
 • Total 55.2 km2 (21.3 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2016)[1]
 • Total 1,882
 • Density 34/km2 (88/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7131
Website www.halbturn.at

Halbturn (Hungarian: Féltorony) is a town in the district of Neusiedl am See in the Austrian state of Burgenland. It borders Hungary to the east and is near Andau, Gols, and Mönchof.

History[edit]

In 2008 a team of archeologists discovered a third-century AD amulet in the form of a gold scroll with the words of the Jewish prayer Shema' Yisrael (Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one) inscribed on it. It is considered to be the earliest surviving evidence of a Jewish presence in what is now Austria.[2]

Halbturn Castle was built between 1701 and 1711 by Johann Lukas von Hildebrandt as a hunting lodge for Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. His daughter, Empress Maria Theresa, had it enlarged and gave it to her daughter Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen. In 1955 it was inherited by Baron Paul Waldbott von Bassenheim, a Habsburg matrilineal descendant. In 2008 it passed to his nephew, Count Markus Königsegg.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1869 2,093 —    
1880 2,473 +18.2%
1890 2,263 −8.5%
1900 2,429 +7.3%
1910 2,460 +1.3%
1923 2,170 −11.8%
1934 2,210 +1.8%
1939 2,142 −3.1%
1951 1,995 −6.9%
1961 1,917 −3.9%
1971 1,913 −0.2%
1981 1,896 −0.9%
1991 1,956 +3.2%
2001 1,880 −3.9%
2011 1,921 +2.2%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistik Austria - Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 2016-01-01) for Halbturn.
  2. ^ Archaeological sensation in Austria. Scientists from the University of Vienna unearth the earliest evidence of Jewish inhabitants in Austria, 13.03.08, [1]