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Halden Reactor

Coordinates: 59°07′37″N 11°24′13″E / 59.1269°N 11.4036°E / 59.1269; 11.4036
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The reactor hall of the Halden Reactor

The Halden Reactor[1] was a 25MW (thermal) nuclear reactor located in Halden, Norway and dedicated for research. Construction started 1955 and the reactor became operative in 1958 and was operated by the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE). The reactor was built into bedrock at 100 metres (330 ft) depth.[2] The Halden Reactor was operational 1958–2018.

In October 2016 media said that it was expected to close at the time, without saying what year it would reopen.[3] In June 2018, the board of directors of Norway's Institute for Energy Technology (IFE) has decided to close the Halden Reactor permanently and to start its decommissioning. The board did not apply to extend its operating licence, which expired in 2020, and the reactor, which was at the time shut down due to a safety valve failure, was not restarted again.[4]

The reactor was a boiling water reactor (BWR) [disputeddiscuss] moderated by heavy water.[5] The reactor was used for safety-focused research into materials, fuel burnup, and fuel behaviour in prolonged operating conditions in co-operation with organizations from 19 countries.[6]

In 2019 IFE uncovered that research data had been falsified or manipulated at the Halden Reactor.[7]

In August 2019 IFE started an investigation into alleged scientific misconduct in historic Halden Reactor projects involving the possible alterations of research results. Since 2016 IFE has worked to improve the safety culture and processes at Halden.[8] An independent investigation found that the results of several nuclear fuel tests carried out between 1990 and 2005 had been fabricated, and the false results had been supplied to a number of nuclear organisations internationally.[9]

In 2020 it was estimated dismantling the Halden and Kjeller research reactors and restoring the sites to unrestricted use will cost about NOK20 billion (US$2 billion) and take 20 to 25 years.[10]


The research reactor suffered on 24 October 2016 1:45 pm a small leakage of radioactive iodine. No health risk or danger to the environment outside the facility was expected by the NRPA-authority. The reactor was already shut down at the time for routine maintenance.[11]


  1. ^ "Halden Boiling Water Reactor (HBWR) — IFE". Archived from the original on 30 July 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
  2. ^ "Halden Boiling Water Reactor (HBWR)". Institutt for energiteknikk. Archived from the original on 30 July 2018. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Permitterer 127 ansatte og stenger atomreaktorene". 10 October 2016.
  4. ^ "Halden Reactor to be decommissioned - World Nuclear News".
  5. ^ Holtebekk, Trygve; Guttormsen, Magne. "Haldenreaktoren". In Henriksen, Petter (ed.). Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 19 March 2011.
  6. ^ "Halden Reactor Project".
  7. ^ "Atom-sjef hardt ut mot strålevernet: – Skaper unødig tvil om sikkerheten". NRK. 9 September 2020. Retrieved 16 September 2020.. "For vel ett år siden avdekket IFE at forskningsdata fra atomreaktoren i Halden var manipulert."
  8. ^ "Norway investigates possible past misconduct in reactor projects". Nuclear Engineering International. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 26 August 2019.
  9. ^ Digges, Charles (3 June 2020). "Bellona wants answers about data fabrication scandal at Norwegian research reactor". Bellona. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Norwegian reactor dismantling to cost almost USD2 billion". World Nuclear News. 18 May 2020. Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  11. ^ WNN (25 October 2016) Radioactive release from Norwegian research reactor

External links[edit]

59°07′37″N 11°24′13″E / 59.1269°N 11.4036°E / 59.1269; 11.4036