William Hale White (December 22, 1831 – March 14, 1913), known by his pseudonym Mark Rutherford, was a British writer and civil servant.
Life, career and memorials
White's father, William White, a member of the Nonconformist community of the Bunyan Meeting, became well known as a doorkeeper at the House of Commons and wrote sketches of parliamentary life for the Illustrated Times. A selection of his parliamentary sketches was published posthumously, in 1897, by Justin McCarthy, the Irish nationalist MP, as The Inner Life of the House of Commons.
White himself was born in Bedford and educated at Bedford Modern School until the family moved to London. There he was trained for the Congregational ministry, but the development of his views prevented his taking up that career and he became a clerk in the Admiralty.
He had already served an apprenticeship to journalism before he made his name, or rather his pen name, "Mark Rutherford", famous with three novels, supposedly edited by one Reuben Shapcott: The Autobiography of Mark Rutherford (1881), Mark Rutherford's Deliverance (1885) and The Revolution in Tanner's Lane (1887).
Under his own name White translated Spinoza's Ethics (1883). His later books include Miriam's Schooling, and Other Papers (1890), Catherine Furze (2 vols, 1893), Clara Hopgood (1896), Pages from a Journal, with Other Papers (1900), and John Bunyan (1905).
- The Autobiography of Mark Rutherford: Dissenting Minister Trubner and Co., London, 1881
- Mark Rutherford's Deliverance Trubner and Co., London, 1885
- The Revolution in Tanner's Lane Trubner and Co., London, 1887
- Miriam's Schooling Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., London, 1890
- Catharine Furze T. Fisher Unwin, London, 1893
- Clara Hopgood T. Fisher Unwin, London, 1896
- "Dictionary of Nineteenth-century Journalism in Great Britain and Ireland". google.co.uk. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- William White, The Inner Life of the House of Commons, edited with a preface by Justin McCarthy, MP, London, T. Fisher Unwin, 1897
- "Bedford Modern School of the black & red". worldcat.org. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- Bedford Borough Council and Central Bedfordshire Council. "Mark Rutherford (William Hale White) - Digitised Resources - The Virtual Library". culturalservices.net. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- Max Saunders, "Autobiografiction," Times Literary Supplement (October 3, 2008), 13-15.
- "Results for 'au:Rutherford, Mark,' [WorldCat.org]". worldcat.org. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
- "WHITE, WILLIAM HALE (1831–1913)". English Heritage. Retrieved 2012-08-05.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- William James Dawson, "Religion in Fiction", a chapter, part of which is devoted to Hale White (on p. 283-289) in The Makers of English Fiction, 2nd ed., F.H. Revell Co., 1905.
- E. J. Feuchtwanger, White, William (1807–1882), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
- Works by Hale White at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Mark Rutherford at Internet Archive
- Works by or about Hale White at Internet Archive
- Works by Hale White at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Mark Rutherford Resource