Haleji Lake

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Haleji Lake
Location Thatta District, Sindh, Pakistan
Coordinates 24°48′21″N 67°46′46″E / 24.805911°N 67.779482°E / 24.805911; 67.779482Coordinates: 24°48′21″N 67°46′46″E / 24.805911°N 67.779482°E / 24.805911; 67.779482
Basin countries Pakistan
Max. length 2 km (1.2 mi)
Max. width 2 km (1.2 mi)
Surface area 4 km2 (1.5 sq mi)
Average depth 5 m (16 ft)
Max. depth 5 m (16 ft)
Settlements Thatta, Karachi
Designated July 23, 1976[1]

Haleji Lake (Urdu: ہالیجی جھیل‎) is a perennial freshwater lake in Thatta District of Sindh Province, Pakistan. It is 6.58 km2 (2.54 sq mi) in size and is surrounded by marshes and brackish seepage lagoons.[2]

History[edit]

Haleji Lake was a saline lagoon until the 1930s and was converted into a reservoir to provide additional water to Karachi.[2] During World War II, additional water was required for troops stationed at Karachi. The then-British Government of Sindh decided to increase the capacity of the lake by introducing a feeder canal from the Indus River. Salt water was drained out and an embankment was constructed around the lake which was fed with fresh water through a canal. The work was placed on a war footing and was completed within 24 months.

Fauna[edit]

Haleji Lake is a wintering site for waterfowl such as cotton teal, spot-billed duck, purple moorhen and pheasant-tailed jacana. It is also a breeding site for egrets and herons.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ramsar List". Ramsar.org. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Khan, M.Z., Abbas, D., Ghalib, S.A., Yasmeen, R., Siddiqui, S., Mehmood, N., Zehra, A., Begum, A., Jabeen, T., Yasmeen, G. and Latif, T.A. (2012). "Effects of environmental pollution on aquatic vertebrates and inventories of Haleji and Keenjhar Lakes: Ramsar Sites". Canadian Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences. 6 (1): 1759–1783.