|Born||1975/1976 (age 42–43)|
|Residence||Memphis, Tennessee, US|
|Occupation||Photographer, Associate Professor and Acting Vice President of Academic Affairs|
|Known for||"Wait Watchers"|
Haley Morris-Cafiero is an American photographer, Associate Professor of Photography and Acting Vice President of Academic Affairs at the Memphis College of Art. Her series "Wait Watchers", in which she photographs the reactions of passers-by to her presence, went viral in 2013. She has since become a commentator on issues of anti-fat bias and obesity in the United States; as well as a Body Positivity and Anti-Bullying Workshop volunteer with Girls, Inc.
Early life and education
Although muscular from her involvement in sports, Morris-Cafiero was anorexic as a teenager. As health concerns from her eating disorder caused her to realize the dangers of her lifestyle, she became less active. Due to hypothyroidism, she quickly gained weight in college, where she experienced discrimination due to her weight. Morris-Cafiero said people would anonymously leave low-calorie food and passive-aggressive notes about her weight. Though she tried dieting, her hypothyroidism kept her from easily losing weight. Born in Atlanta, she is a graduate of the University of North Florida, where she earned a BA in Photography and a BFA in Ceramics in 1999. Morris-Cafiero also holds a MFA from the University of Arizona in Art.
Morris-Cafiero was working on another project when she was inspired to begin the "Wait Watchers" series. A chance picture captured the amused expression of a passer-by as he looked at her. When she noticed that she had again accidentally captured the expression of a random passer-by who was observing her, she worked to capture more reactions. Although she had heard critical comments about her weight, she did not think she would be able to capture the reactions of people on film until these accidental shots. Morris-Cafiero sets up the camera first, then enters the shot as the camera takes continuous pictures. She is not aware of the reactions of the people around her at the time of the picture. People respond more naturally when she seems distracted, so she attempts to perform actions that would give that impression; otherwise, she acts normally and does not draw attention to herself.
People magazine called the series "powerful", and Life & Style called the pictures "heartbreaking". New York magazine wrote, "The frequency with which Morris-Cafiero succeeds at documenting passersby's visible disdain for her body seems pretty depressing". The Commercial Appeal called the reactions "alternately humorous and disturbing". Morris-Cafiero was not aware of the existence of the fat acceptance movement at the time she took the pictures, but she received a positive reception from those blogs. After several high-profile blogs highlighted her work, The Huffington Post in the US and The Daily Mail in the UK ran stories, which caused the series to go viral; it eventually became a worldwide phenomenon. Online trolling resulted in many negative comments. In The Daily Mail's comment section, most of the 4000 comments were negative. Morris-Cafiero said that while the negative comments initially bothered her, as the series went viral and the negative comments became more personal, she found them amusing and a source of creative inspiration. Following the viral popularity of her work, she was asked to appear on television news programs and provide commentary on fat shaming and other obesity-related topics.
Morris-Cafiero does not interpret the photographs herself and prefers to leave that to the viewer; she says that, as an artist, she is more interested in starting a conversation. She says the theme is "identity being determined based upon an image". Many negative online comments have speculated on the onlookers' reactions, including criticism of Morris-Cafiero's attractiveness and her fashion sense. Other comments suggest that taking self-portraits in public places have drawn the ire of onlookers.
In the series "Self Improvement", Morris-Cafiero responded to both positive and negative commentary about "Wait Watchers". In the negative comments, people complained that she would have a more positive reaction from onlookers if she exercised or got a makeover. The new series shows her in situations like this. She said that she was still met with "criticism and mockery". The photographs were set in what she called "the most-vain cities in America", such as Venice Beach, Canifornia. She also targeted areas that her research told her had a high degree of eating disorders. The project continued through April 2015.
Morris-Cafiero solicited donations on Kickstarter to publish her work in a book. The book, which includes both positive and negative online commentary interspersed with the pictures, was published in December 2015. She said the book is "about how we look at one another and judgments". Other projects include a series where she dresses up as her critics to demonstrate the false personas used online.
- Olya, Gabrielle (2014-11-18). "Haley Morris-Cafiero Captures Weight Bias in Self-Portrait Series". People. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- "Haley Morris-Cafiero - Memphis College of Art". Memphis College of Art. Retrieved 2017-04-01.
- Schwiegershausen, Erica (2014-11-19). "The Photographer Who Captures Fat-Shaming on Camera". The Cut. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- Glock, Allison (2016-08-10). "Watching 'The Watchers': The Conversation with photographer Haley Morris-Cafiero". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
- Miller, Tracy (2013-02-14). "How do we view overweight people? Photographer Haley Morris-Cafiero captures reactions on camera". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- "Overweight photog turns lens on fat-shamers, gawkers". CBS News. 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- Cacich, Allison (2014-11-06). "Woman Secretly Photographs People's Reactions to Her Body — And the Results Are Heartbreaking". Life & Style. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- Beifuss, John (2014-01-12). "Snapshot art opens international dialogue about body image". The Commercial Appeal. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- Thomas, Brooke (2013-05-09). "What are they thinking?". WHBQ-TV. Archived from the original on 2014-11-29. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- Feinstein, Jon (2014-11-12). "5 Questions With Haley Morris-Cafiero". Humble Arts Foundation of New York. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- Sayle, Hannah (2013-02-21). "Q & A with Haley Morris-Cafiero". Memphis Flyer. Retrieved 2014-11-24.
- Kinzel, Lesley (2013-02-15). "Photographer Haley Morris-Cafiero Documents The Judgey Looks She Gets From Strangers For Being Fat". xoJane. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
- Griffin, Elizabeth (2014-11-07). "These Photos Show the Disturbing Ways People Judge Overweight Women". Cosmopolitan. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- Rosenberg, David (2016-03-03). "She Tried to Create a Dialogue About Fat-Shaming and Got Fat-Shamed. That Gave Her a Great New Idea". Slate.com. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
- Morris-Cafiero, Haley (2013-04-23). "Pictures of people who mock me". Salon.com. Retrieved 2014-11-20.
- Morris-Cafiero, Haley (2014-11-12). "Capturing a stranger's sneer: What happened when I put on Spandex". Salon.com. Retrieved 2014-11-20.