Haliburton County

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Haliburton County
County of Haliburton
Haliburton County's location in relation to Ontario.
Haliburton County's location in relation to Ontario.
Coordinates: 45°05′N 78°30′W / 45.083°N 78.500°W / 45.083; -78.500Coordinates: 45°05′N 78°30′W / 45.083°N 78.500°W / 45.083; -78.500
Country Canada
Province Ontario
RegionCentral Ontario
County seatMinden
 • Land4,076.08 km2 (1,573.78 sq mi)
 • Total18,062
 • Density4.4/km2 (11/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Haliburton village

Haliburton is a county of Ontario, Canada, known as a tourist and cottage area in Central Ontario for its scenery and for its resident artists. Minden Hills is the county seat. Haliburton County and the village of Haliburton are named after Thomas Chandler Haliburton, author, statesman, and the first chairman of the Canadian Land and Emigration Company.

The county borders Algonquin Provincial Park on the north.


It was originally organized in 1874 as the Provisional County of Haliburton,[2] with townships being withdrawn from other counties and districts:

Formation of the Provisional County of Haliburton[3]
Transferred from Townships
Victoria County
  • Anson
  • Hindon
  • Lutterworth
Peterborough County
  • Bruton
  • Cardiff
  • Dysart
  • Dudley
  • Glamorgan
  • Guilford
  • Harburn
  • Harcourt
  • Minden
  • Monmouth
  • Snowden
  • Stanhope
Nipissing District
  • Clyde
  • Eyre
  • Havelock
  • Lawrence
  • Livingstone
  • McClintock
  • Nightingale
  • Sherborne

It became Haliburton County in 1983,[4] and consists of the following municipalities:

Communities in the county include Haliburton, Minden, Wilberforce, Gooderham, Irondale, Cardiff, West Guilford, Eagle Lake and Fort Irwin.


Haliburton County is dubbed the "Haliburton Highlands". The Haliburton Highlands region is also one of the higher points on the Canadian Shield,[5] ranging from 1,066 feet (325 m) at the Haliburton/Stanhope Municipal Airport[6] to 1,450 feet (440 m) above sea level at Sir Sam's Ski Resort in Eagle Lake.[7]


Haliburton County is spotted with many rivers and lakes, including endorheic lakes fed by natural springs. Some of the major lakes are as follows:


Canada census – Haliburton County community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 18,062 (+5.9% from 2011) 17,026 (+5.4% from 2006) 16,147 (+7.0% from 2001)
Land area: 4,071.86 km2 (1,572.15 sq mi) 4,071.86 km2 (1,572.15 sq mi) 4,025.27 km2 (1,554.17 sq mi)
Population density: 4.4/km2 (11/sq mi) 4.2/km2 (11/sq mi) 4.0/km2 (10/sq mi)
Median age: 57.5 (M: 57.3, F: 57.7) 50.4 (M: 50.0, F: 50.9)
Total private dwellings: 21,113 21,365 21,257
Median household income: $58,125
References: 2016[8] 2011[9] 2006[10] earlier[11]

Historic populations:[11][1]

  • Population in 2001: 15,085
  • Population in 1996: 15,321


Haliburton County's economy is dominated by tourism. The ratio of properties occupied in the summer months, to properties occupied year-round is about 3 to 1. Employment primarily caters to the needs of this seasonal cottage country population, including residential construction, resorts, services and retail.[12] One particularly successful resort at the time was the Wigamog Inn Resort. Years ago it catered to hundreds staying on site during the summer months, and was a prime location being only a minutes walk from the lake. It closed permanently around 2009 - 2010, with a new owner buying the property in 2016.[13]

The Haliburton County Development Corporation (HCDC) is currently working on a project called Innovative Haliburton to bring attention to the creative economy in Haliburton, as well as, partnering with Haliburton County Economic Development to advance the creative economy in eastern Ontario. In 2009, HCDC formed a creative economy committee to look at ways to: encourage innovative people who already have an attachment to the area to move and run their business here, support new and existing businesses in the county that work in the creative economy, showcase local businesses that are successfully engaged in the creative economy, support our local governments to engage in planning that will help attract new businesses. In 2013, The Creative Economy Committee's name was changed to the Economic Innovations Committee to better describe the roles of the committee as a seed organization, helping the county to prosper through innovation and enabling the youth of the county to better understand the opportunities that are being created in the new economy.[14]

The county is serviced by hospitals in Haliburton and Minden, both administered by Haliburton Highlands Health Services.


Public school education in Haliburton County is managed by the Trillium Lakelands District School Board (TLDSB), which runs the following schools in the County:


Minden Hills

  • Archie Stouffer Elementary School – Grades K–8

Dysart et al

  • Stuart W. Baker Elementary School – French Immersion, Grades K–3
  • J. Douglas Hodgson Elementary School – Grades 4–8

Highlands East

  • Cardiff Elementary School – Grades K–3
  • Wilberforce Elementary School – Grades 4–8


The following post-secondary and private schools are also located in the County, and are not managed by the TLDSB:


Adult Education

Private Education

  • Tall Oaks Christian Academy – Grades K–8
  • Haliburton Language School – English as a Second Language and other languages
  • St. Peter's ACHS College School – Boys' Catholic Elementary School

Arts and culture[edit]

The Haliburton Highlands is home to a thriving arts community. The county is dotted by galleries, both public and private, offering events, programs and workshops to the public. Artists’ studios can be found in almost every community, many offering public demonstrations, small galleries, and classes. There are murals and public sculptures in the downtowns of most communities, as well as in park settings. The county is home to the renowned Haliburton Sculpture Forest, a unique outdoor collection of sculptures by Canadian and international artists.

The Highlands are also home to the Haliburton School of The Art + Design (HSAD) of Fleming College. Students come from across Canada as well as internationally to immerse themselves in the unique art offerings of the Haliburton Campus. There are art certificates in Glassblowing,Photo Arts, Blacksmithing, Painting and Drawing, Digital Image Design, Jewellery Essentials, Fibre Arts, Sculpture, Ceramics as well as the Visual and Creative Arts Diploma. HSAD also offers over 300 courses in the Spring-Summer program which attracts nearly 3000 students of all ages to the area during the busy tourism season. Many local artists are involved in the school as part-time faculty. The Haliburton Campus also offers a post-graduate certificate in Expressive Arts. The Campus also has an emphasis on eco-friendly education and offers certificates in Sustainable Building and Construction, and Sustainable Renovation. The Sustainable Building and Construction program was the first of its kind in Canada and its success has had a positive impact locally, as the programs have built the R.D. Lawrence Place at the Minden Hills Cultural Centre, the 4Cs Thrift Store in Haliburton, the Kinark Outdoor Centre in Minden and, in the Summer of 2013, the new Library in Wilberforce. The renovation program revitalized the Haliburton Highlands Museum.

Heritage is also a focus in the county, with established museums in Carnarvon, Dorset, Haliburton, Minden, and Wilberforce, as well as many fledgling museums emerging in some of the smaller communities. Many buildings throughout the county are designated heritage sites by the province, and many others undergoing preservation through the interests of the public.

The performing arts also receive much attention. Haliburton Highlands Secondary School has strong drama and music programs, showcasing their talents throughout the year to the public. As well, the Highlands Summer Festival presents a wide array of theatre offerings throughout the summer, showcasing the talents of local and seasonally local actors and musicians. Numerous indie bands perform throughout the county, with open mic events being held at a number of establishments.

Haliburton is also home to the Creative Business Incubator. The incubator provides entrepreneurs with a flexible, affordable space; ready access to business support assistance and coaching, broadband service and an environment conducive to entrepreneurial growth.[15] The incubator is a project of the Haliburton County Development Corporation.[16]

Haliburton Scout Reserve (HSR)[edit]

Haliburton County is also home to the largest Scout Reserve in Canada, third largest in North America. Haliburton Scout Reserve was founded in 1967.

Notable people[edit]


Haliburton County is served by three newspapers, The Haliburton Echo, The Highlander and The Minden Times, and two radio stations, 100.9 Canoe FM and 93.5 The Moose.

In popular culture[edit]

Forest fire protection history[edit]

The former Dysart fire tower was erected in 1956 on a hill by the east side of Haliburton village just off Highway 118. Its 100-foot (30 m) frame still stands, but the towerman's cupola has since been removed. It was erected by Ontario's former Department of Lands and Forests (now the MNR) as an early detection to protect the local forests from fire. This tower was put out of use in the late 1960s when aerial detection systems were put in place. It was one of the County of Haliburton's many towers that were part of the former Lindsay Forest Fire District. Other towers included: Harburn, Eyre, Green's Mountain, Harvey, Cardiff, Digby, Lutterworth, Sherbourne (St. Nora), Dorset and Bruton. When a fire was spotted in the forest a towerman would get the degree bearings from his respective tower and radio back the information to headquarters. When one or more towermen from other towers in the area would also call in their bearings, the forest rangers at headquarters could get a 'triangulation' read and plot the exact location of the fire on their map. This way a team of forest firefighters could be dispatched as soon as possible to get the fire under control. There were Department of Lands and Forests headquarters stations in Minden, Ontario and at St. Nora Lake (later the Leslie Frost Centre), which offered forest ranger training from 1945 onwards.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Haliburton, County". Statistics Canada. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  2. ^ An Act to incorporate the Municipality of Haliburton, and to provide for its becoming a Provisional County, S.O. 1874, c. 65
  3. ^ 1874 Act, s. 1
  4. ^ County of Haliburton Act, 1982, S.O. 1982, c. 57
  5. ^ "The Atlas of Canada". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 8 May 2008. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  6. ^ "Search Result". Stanhopeairport.com. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  7. ^ "Go Ski". Goski.ca. Archived from the original on 12 December 2007. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  8. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
  9. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  10. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  11. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  12. ^ "Minden Times". Mindentimes.ca. Archived from the original on 17 September 2009. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  13. ^ Arike, Mark (10 March 2016). "Pinestone Resort owners purchase Wigamog Inn". The Highlander. Retrieved 26 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Innovative Haliburton". Haliburton County Development Corporation. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  15. ^ "Haliburton Creative Business Incubator". Haliburton County Development Corporation. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  16. ^ "Haliburton County Development Corporation". Haliburton County Development Corporation. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  17. ^ Simmons, Carol. "Board of Directors – Haliburton Highlands Health Services". Hhhs.ca.
  18. ^ "Scotty beams at surprise honour". Thehighlander.ca.
  19. ^ "Scotty Morrison welcomes NHL alumni and refs to tourney". Thehighlander.ca.

External links[edit]