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Halichondria panicea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order: Halichondrida
Gray, 1867[1]

Halichondrida is an order of marine demosponges.[2] Demosponges with simple spicules and a generally confused skeletal arrangement are grouped into this order although its monophyly is considered suspect and further taxonomic revision can be expected.[3]


  1. ^ Gray, J.E. 1867a. Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII.. World Register of Marine Species.
  2. ^ van Soest, R. (2014). R. W. M. Van Soest, N. Boury-Esnault, J. N. A. Hooper, K. Rützler, N. J. de Voogd, B. Alvarez de Glasby, E. Hajdu, A. B. Pisera, R. Manconi, C. Schoenberg, D. Janussen, K. R. Tabachnick, M. Klautau, B. Picton, M. Kelly & J. Vacelet, eds. "Halichondrida". World Porifera database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2014-04-30. 
  3. ^ A systematic revision of the central West Atlantic: Halichondrida (Demospongiae, Porifera). Part III: Description of valid species