Halifax Stanfield International Airport
|Halifax Stanfield International Airport|
|IATA: YHZ – ICAO: CYHZ
– WMO: 71395
|Operator||Halifax International Airport Authority|
|Serves||Halifax, Nova Scotia|
|Location||Enfield, Nova Scotia|
|Time zone||AST (UTC−04:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||ADT (UTC−03:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||477 ft / 145 m|
Halifax/Robert L. Stanfield International Airport, or Halifax Stanfield International Airport (IATA: YHZ, ICAO: CYHZ) is a Canadian airport located in Enfield, Nova Scotia, a community within Halifax, Nova Scotia. It serves Halifax, mainland Nova Scotia and adjacent areas in the neighbouring Maritime provinces. The airport is named in honour of Robert Stanfield, the 17th Premier of Nova Scotia and leader of the federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada.
It is the 8th busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic. The airport handled a total of 3,702,705 passengers and 78,324 aircraft movements in 2015. It is a hub for Air Canada Express, Cougar Helicopters, Maritime Air Charter, Provincial Airlines, and SkyLink Express.
- 1 History
- 2 Awards
- 3 Facilities
- 4 Airlines and destinations
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Public transportation
- 7 Hotels
- 8 Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum
- 9 Incidents and accidents
- 10 Navigator
- 11 References
- 12 External links
An airfield in West End, Halifax on the Halifax Peninsula known as Chebucto Field was built as the Halifax Civic Airport by the City of Halifax in 1931 and operated as the city's main airport until 1942, when it closed and was converted to an army base. Today Saunders Park, named after the first Halifax airport manager, marks the site. RCAF Station Shearwater functioned as Halifax's primary airport until June 1960, when the current airport was opened. The Kelly Lake site was chosen in 1954 after an elaborate search for suitable location. The land was purchased by the City of Halifax while the federal Department of Transport constructed the airport. A key factor was to find a site near Halifax with a minimal number of days per year when fog would affect airport operation. There is a continuing myth that the tree cutting that was required to construct the airport altered the fog patterns, however a weather analysis of the 1960-2008 period would show that this is, indeed, an "urban" myth. The origin of the myth may come from commuters, who may experience very localized fog near the airport during their morning drive along Highway 102.
Operation Yellow Ribbon
Following the September 11 attacks the airport took part in Operation Yellow Ribbon, commenced to accept United States civilian flights after the Federal Aviation Administration closed down U.S. airspace. Halifax airport took 40 flights—more flights than any other Canadian airport involved in the operation—carrying about 7,300 passengers—more passengers than any other Canadian airport involved in the operation other than Vancouver, which registered 8,500. Much of this was because flights that were coming from Europe were told to avoid the major airports in Central Canada, like Toronto Pearson, Montréal-Dorval, and Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport.
To honour the people of Gander and Halifax for their support during the operation, Lufthansa named a new Airbus A340-300 "Gander-Halifax" on May 16, 2002. That airplane is listed with the registration D-AIFC, and is the first aircraft of the whole fleet with a city name outside of Germany.
On September 9, 2005, the main passenger terminal was renamed in honour of Robert Stanfield, the former Premier of Nova Scotia and federal Leader of the Official Opposition, with a plaque placed on the public observation floor. On Friday February 9, 2007 Prime Minister Stephen Harper arrived at the airport and announced the renaming of the entire facility from 'Halifax International Airport' to 'Halifax Robert L. Stanfield International Airport' in a further honour to Mr. Stanfield; at that time the terminal name was dropped and reverted to its original status.
Halifax Airport fared well in the 2005 AETRA survey for passenger satisfaction, produced by the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and Airports Council International. The airport was ranked the best airport in the Americas for the second year in a row, as well as the best airport in the less than 5 million passengers a year category for the third year in a row (worldwide), and best domestic service for the second year in a row.
In March 2007, Halifax Airport earned two first-place finishes in the 2006 Airports Council International (ACI) Service Quality Awards held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. For the fourth consecutive year, it ranked first in overall passenger satisfaction for airports worldwide with under five million passengers. In addition, the airport ranked first in the Americas in the new category of Airport People Awards, and second in the best domestic airport worldwide category.
In early 2010, Halifax Stanfield was rated by passengers as the Best Airport in the World in its class (under 5 million) for the seventh year in a row.
In 2011 it won third Best Airport in North America of the Airport Service Quality Awards by Airports Council International, as well as 3rd Best Airport by Size in the 2 to 5 million passenger category.
Terminal and renovations
The passenger terminal building was opened in September 1960. It serves over 3.5 million passengers per year. The growth experienced in the decades since the airport's construction has necessitated constant renovations, and there is often construction occurring there.
Since 1998, the airport has been undergoing an extensive renovation program. The latest phase was announced in September 2004. The major multi-year expansion project includes a rehabilitation of the runways and taxiways, new terminal expansions, new parking lots (including an enclosed garage), a new hotel, and internal beautifications including an observation tower. The project was expected to cost over $250 million.
In December 2004, U.S. Customs and Border Protection approved Halifax Airport for United States border preclearance. It took effect in late 2006. HIAA used to be the busiest airport in Canada without U.S. Customs preclearance.
On September 12, 2007 the airport authority announced the construction of a 2,300 space, five-storey parking garage, which was completed on March 12, 2009. The airport authority also announced an on-site 175-room Sheraton hotel, which was postponed due to financial considerations. On October 26, 2011 the airport authority announced the construction of an on-site 14-storey, 169-room, ALT Hotel connected to the terminal building. Built by Groupe Germain Hospitality, it opened in spring 2013.
The current terminal contains a total of 31 gate positions, with 12 using airbridges (gates 12, 14-16, 18, 20, 22-24, and 26-28). The remaining gates are ground loading positions. Gates 22-24, and 26-28 are swing gates which can service domestic flights and then be converted to receive incoming international flights via a glassed-in secure corridor from the holdroom for international flight operations. Gates 2 (a-e) to 9 are ground loading positions dedicated to domestic regional operations (mainly Air Canada Express). Gates 34 to 46 are ground loading gate positions for US flights operating regional jets. An August 2010 press release indicated that part of the airport's 10 year capital improvement program would see the expansion of the Domestic/International Check-in area and expansion of the Terminal Building at the north end in anticipation of additional flights from EU nations.
In 2010, extension of the taxiway system resulted in an increased airside area, creating space for several newly-constructed large hangars. Canadian Helicopters, Cougar Helicopters, Gateway Facilities, and IMP Group operate these new hangars along taxiways juliet and kilo.
In November 2012, an extension of both ends of runway 05/23 was completed, for an overall increase in length from 8,800 ft (2,682 m) to 10,500 ft (3,200 m). This increase resulted in the renaming of several associated taxiways.
The airport is served by several fixed-base operators (FBOs), which handle fueling, ground handling, hangarage, catering, etc. They include Atlantic Sky Service/Esso Avitat, Shell AeroCentre, and Gateway Facilities.
Aerotech Business Park
The airport is located adjacent to the Aerotech Business Park, a municipally run business park originally catering towards aviation companies. The zoning has since been changed to allow for other types of companies to locate there. The largest tenant is Pratt & Whitney Canada.
Alternate space shuttle landing site
Airlines and destinations
operated by Morningstar Air Express
|Korean Air Cargo||Anchorage, Seoul-Incheon|
operated by Cargojet Airways
|Hamilton, Moncton, Cologne|
|Qatar Airways Cargo||Doha, Zaragoza|
The following companies operate from private hangars or FBOs at the airport:
- Cougar Helicopters
- Maritime Air Charter
- Provincial Airlines (also leases a Beech Super King Air 200 to Emergency Health Services for use as air ambulance when the EHS helicopter is unavailable)
- Sable Aviation
MetroX route 320 is an express bus service that travels between the city centre and the airport, with two intermediate stops at the Dartmouth Bridge Terminal and the suburb of Fall River. The route is run by Halifax Transit (formerly Metro Transit). The route operates at a 30-minute frequency in the daytime and hourly in the evening. The 320 bus originates on Albemarle Street in Downtown Halifax and terminates curbside, adjacent to the entrance of the arrivals level of the terminal. It is the most affordable transport option to the airport, with an adult fare of $3.50 (concessionary fare available to seniors and children) and free onward transfer to connecting buses.
There are four hotels in the immediate vicinity of the airport. The 169-room ALT Hotel, connected to the passenger terminal building, is the only one within the airport proper. The 156-room Quality Inn is located on the opposite side of Highway 102. The Holiday Inn Express (119 rooms) and the Hilton Garden Inn (145 rooms) are both located in nearby Aerotech Business Park.
Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum
The nearby Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum includes both military and civil aviation exhibits.
Incidents and accidents
- On the night of September 2, 1998, Swissair Flight 111, a scheduled flight from New York City to Geneva, declared a pan-pan after the crew noticed smoke in the cockpit. The flight crew attempted to divert to Halifax after dumping fuel, but crashed into the sea at the entrance of St. Margarets Bay, Nova Scotia, about 60 km from the airport. All 229 passengers and crew perished.
- On February 19, 2003, Air France flight 002, a Concorde which made an emergency landing after a mechanical failure in engine number 3, causing a massive fuel leak. No injuries were reported and the engine was repaired.
- On October 14, 2004, MK Airlines Flight 1602, a Boeing 747-200F, crashed during takeoff from runway 23. All seven crew members died.
- On the morning of June 14, 2013 a Cargojet Airways Boeing 757 was being unloaded by a 58-year-old male baggage handler, who became trapped by the hydraulic loader and died on scene.
- On March 29, 2015, Air Canada Flight 624 crashed while attempting to land at the airport, shortly after midnight in stormy weather. All 137 passengers and crew survived. The crash cut power to the airport and damaged runway 05's antenna array.
||Enfield, Nova Scotia
Via Hwy 102
To Trunk 2
|Goffs, Nova Scotia
Via Route 212
To Route 336
|Fall River, Nova Scotia
Via Hwy 102
To Trunk 2 / Hwy 118
- Airport Divestiture Status Report
- Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 15 September 2016 to 0901Z 10 November 2016
- Synoptic/Metstat Station Information
- hiaa.ca - Airport Statistics
- Canada's New Government Renames Halifax International Airport in Honour of Robert L. Stanfield
- Halifax Stanfield International Airport
- "Map." Halifax Regional Municipality. Retrieved on March 2, 2011.
- "History of the Halifax International Airport", Halifax International Airport Authority
- "Airport Acknowledges Tenth Anniversary of September 11th". Halifax/Stanfield International Airport Newsroom. September 9, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2011.
- D-AIFC at airliners.net
- World's top customer service airports for 2006
- "ASQ Award for Best Airport in North America" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-13
- "ASQ Award for Best Airport by Size (2-5m)" Airports Council International. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-13
- Chris Lambie. Halifax possible shuttle pit stop, The Chronicle Herald, July 5, 2006.
- Halifax police win airport contract, to take over security from RCMP
- Details emerge about Halifax Regional Police contract for airport security
- "American Airlines ends Halifax service in Jan 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 13 September 2016.
- Taking Flight: 2000 Annual Report (pg 11). Retrieved on Apr 3, 2015.
- Airport Statistics. Retrieved on Feb 28, 2016.
- Canadian Transportation Safety Board Report
- "Air Canada AC624 touched down 335 metres short of runway, TSB says". CBC News. 29 March 2015.
- Media related to Halifax International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Past three hours METARs, SPECI and current TAFs for Halifax International Airport from Nav Canada as available.