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Halime Hatun

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Halime Hatun
Halime Hatun'un mezarı.JPG
Grave of Halime Hatun in Söğüt[1]
BornUnknown
DiedUnknown
Burial
SpouseErtuğrul (disputed)

Halime Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: حلیمه خاتون‎) was, according to some Ottoman folklore, the wife of Ertuğrul (13th century) and possibly the mother of Osman I.

Biography

Her origins are unknown; she is variously referred to as "Hayme Ana" and "Khaimah" in later legends,[2] and is not mentioned at all in any historical Ottoman texts. Hayme Ana is also a traditional name of Ertuğrul's mother.[3]

Some recent[when?] legends described her as the mother of Osman I; however, historian Heath W. Lowry, among other Ottoman scholars, states that Osman I's mother is unknown.[4] The burial place of Halime Hatun, which was added in the late 19th century by Sultan Abdul Hamid II, is located in the garden of the Ertuğrul Gazi's grave in Söğüt, present-day Turkey.[5] According to historian Cemal Kafadar, the 19th century "recovery" and "rebuilding" of this tomb by the Sultan, with the name added later, was politically motivated.[5] Additionally, according to author Turgut Güler, "Hayme Ana", buried in Domanic, was most likely the wife of Ertuğrul.[2]

Halime Hatun grave in Gevaş

Gevaş tomb

A türbe (tomb) was built for a Halime Hatun in Gevaş in 1358.[6] This Halime is said to have been the daughter of a Seljuk ruler, Melik Izeddin, and perhaps a member of the Karakoyunlu dynasty.[7][8][9][10]

In popular culture

Esra Bilgiç appeared as Halime Hatun in the Turkish TV series Diriliş: Ertuğrul.[11] In this story, she is a Seljuk princess.

See also

References

  1. ^ Osmangazi ilkler ve Karacahisar (in Turkish). Eskisehir: Odunpazari Belediyesi. 2010. p. 45. ISBN 9789756881118. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b Güler, Turgut. Mahzun Hududlar Çağlayan Sular (in Turkish). Ötüken Neşriyat A.Ş. ISBN 978-605-155-702-1. Retrieved 12 March 2020. In the tomb’s garden, there is a grave belonging to Ertuğrul’s wife, Halime Hâtûn. However, here there must be some information mistakes. The name of the esteemed woman who was the wife of Ertuğrul Gâzi and mother of Osman Gâzi is “Hayme Ana”, and her grave is in the Çarşamba village of Kütahya’s Domaniç district. Sultan Abdülhamid II, who had the Ertuğrul Gâzi Tomb repaired, also had the Hayme Ana Tomb as good as rebuilt in the same years. Therefore, the grave in Söğüt said to be of Halime Hâtûn, must belong to another deceased.
  3. ^ Deringil, Selim (2004). The Well-protected Domains: Ideology and the Legitimation of Power in the Ottoman Empire 1876-1909. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 32. ISBN 978-1-86064-472-6. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  4. ^ Lowry, Heath W. (1 February 2012). Nature of the Early Ottoman State, The. SUNY Press. p. 153. ISBN 9780791487266. Retrieved 26 December 2017 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ a b Kafadar, Cemal (1995). Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State. University of California Press. p. 185. ISBN 978-0-520-91805-4. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  6. ^ The Cambridge History of Turkey. Cambridge University Press. 2008. pp. 307. ISBN 9780521620963. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  7. ^ Darke, Diana (2011). Eastern Turkey. ISBN 9781841623399.
  8. ^ "Controversial new building slammed as 'visual pollution' at 700-year-old Seljuk tomb". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  9. ^ Farson, Daniel (1985). A traveller in Turkey. pp. 73. ISBN 9780710202819. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
  10. ^ Aslanapa, Oktay (1971). Turkish Art And Architecture. pp. 171-172. ISBN 9780571087815. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Esra Bilgiç kaç yaşında ve nereli? Ramo dizisinde Sibel karakterini canlandıran Esra Bilgiç kimdir?". Sabah (in Turkish). Retrieved 3 February 2020.