Hall, Russell & Company
|This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (November 2015)|
Brothers James and William Hall, Thomas Russell, a Glasgow engineer, and James Cardno Couper founded the company in 1864 to build steam engines and boilers. In 1867 the company built its first ship, the Kwang Tung, for the Imperial Chinese Navy. Like most shipyards of their era, Hall Russell built ships first using iron and later changing to steel.
In 1944–45 Hall, Russell built five coasters under sub-contract for the Burntisland Shipbuilding Company of Fife: hull numbers 773, 776, 781, 785 and 788. In 1956–57 Hall, Russell built two more coasters for Burntisland: hull 750 launched as SS Winga and hull 857 launched as William Cory & Son's MV Corsea.
In 1977 the company became part of the nationalised British Shipbuilders Corporation, before being returned to the private sector in 1986. It came under the ownership of A&P Appledore International in 1989, as A&P Appledore International (Aberdeen). However, it had been classed by the Government as a naval shipbuilder, despite traditionally producing fishing vessels and small cargo ships, and closed in 1992.
In the Second World War Hall Russell built a number of Royal Navy Flower-class corvettes and River-class frigates. After the war the company built fishing vessels, cargo ships and naval patrol craft. The last vessel completed at the yard was the RMS St Helena, delivered in 1991.
The most widely known ship built by Hall Russell was MV Sir William Hardy. Launched in 1955, she was the first diesel-electric all-refrigerated trawler built in the UK. Refurbished by Greenpeace, she was renamed on 29 April 1978 the Rainbow Warrior. She was bombed by French agents in New Zealand 10 July 1985. Her masts currently stand outside the Dargaville Museum in upper North Island, New Zealand.
References and sources
- "Aberdeen Ships / Hall, Russell & Co. Ltd.". Retrieved 2007-04-06.
- Anderson, James B (2008). Sommerville, Iain, ed. "Ships built by the Burntisland Shipbuilding Company Ltd: arranged by date of launch". Welcome to Burntisland. Iain Sommerville. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- Stanley Bruce (2009). Hall Russell Remembered - Shipbuilding in Aberdeen 1864 to 1992. ISBN 978-1-907234-02-6.