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Hallikar bull
Hallikar cow

Hallikar (Kannada: ಹಳ್ಳಿಕಾರ್) is a breed of cattle native to the state of Karnataka, India. It derives its name from the Hallikar community traditionally known for their cattle rearing.[1] It is commonly found in the traditional Hallikar belt of Mysore, Mandya, Hassan and Tumkur districts of South Karnataka.[2][3]

Long, vertical and backward bending horns, large humps in males, moderate to long height and medium size of the body, and white to grey and occasionally black complexions, are the characteristics of the breed. The bulls of this breed of cattle are known for their strength and endurance, and are mainly used for draft purposes. It is classified as a draught breed in India.[4][5]

It is one of the two breeds, along with Amrit Mahal, which have received the royal patronage and care from the erstwhile Maharajas of Mysore State through conservation and development. The breed is said to be the origin of Amrit Mahal cattle.[6]

The Department of Posts, Government of India commemorated the breed by releasing a postage stamp in its name in 2000.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Rao, C. Hayavadana (1927). Mysore Gazetteer. Vol. 1. Bangalore: Government Press. p. 246.:”Hallikara Vokkaligas.—This is a section that is mainly engaged in the rearing of cattle. The breed of that name is the best in the far-famed Amrut Mahal Cattle.”
  2. ^ "Hallikar - Vishwagou". Archived from the original on 12 March 2008.
  3. ^ "Cattle Throughout History". Dairy Farmers of Washington. Archived from the original on 27 May 2005. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
  4. ^ "Important Breeds of Karnataka - Hallikar". Department of AH & VS, Karnataka. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  5. ^ Native Cow Varieties of India - Hallikar
  6. ^ "Breeds of Livestock - Amrit Mahal Cattle". Ansi.okstate.edu. Archived from the original on 5 June 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
  7. ^ "Indian Post Stamp Catalogue 1947 - 2011 - Hallikar" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2015.