Halobatrachus didactylus

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Halobatrachus didactylus
PSM V11 D550 Toad fish.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Batrachoidiformes
Family: Batrachoididae
Genus: Halobatrachus
J. D. Ogilby, 1908
Species: H. didactylus
Binomial name
Halobatrachus didactylus
(Bloch & J. G. Schneider, 1801)

Halobatrachus didactylus, the Lusitanian toadfish, is a species of toadfish found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean Coasts of western Europe and western Africa. This species grows to a length of 50 centimetres (20 in), and has venomous spines that can pose a danger to humans. This species is of minor importance to local commercial fisheries. Locally, it is known as gripau (Catalan), charroco, encharroco, xarroco (Portuguese), and pez sapo (Spanish)).[1]

The fish is also known to make a variety of noises, such as whistles, grunts, croaks, and a boatwhistle that is used both to attract females, as well as keep intruding males away.[2]


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Halobatrachus didactylus" in FishBase. April 2012 version.
  2. ^ Mary Bates (1 April 2015). "Zoologger: Bagpiper fish keeps intruders away with song". New Scientist. Retrieved 4 April 2015.