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Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Halobacteria
Order: Halobacteriales
Family: Halobacteriaceae
Genus: Haloferax
Torreblanca et al. 1986[citation needed]

In taxonomy, Haloferax is a genus of the Halobacteriaceae[1] or Haloferacaceae.[2]

Genetic exchange[edit]

Cells of H. mediterranei and cells of the related species H. volcanii can undergo a process of genetic exchange between two cells which involves cell fusion resulting in a heterodiploid cell (containing two different chromosomes in one cell).[3] Although this genetic exchange ordinarily occurs between two cells of the same species, it can also occur at a lower frequency between an H. mediterranei and an H. volcani cell. These two species have an average nucleotide sequence identity of 86.6%.[3] During this exchange process, a diploid cell is formed that contains the full genetic repertoire of both parental cells, and genetic recombination is facilitated. Subsequently, the cells separate, giving rise to recombinant cells.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ List of prokaryotic names with standing in nomenclature 
  2. ^ NCBI 
  3. ^ a b Naor A, Lapierre P, Mevarech M, Papke RT, Gophna U (August 2012). "Low species barriers in halophilic archaea and the formation of recombinant hybrids". Curr. Biol. 22 (15): 1444–8. PMID 22748314. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2012.05.056. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Oren A, Ventosa A (2000). "International Committee on Systematic Bacteriology Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Halobacteriaceae. Minutes of the meetings, 16 August 1999, Sydney, Australia". Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 50: 1405–1407. PMID 10843089. 
  • Torreblanca M, Rodriquez-Valera F, Juez G, Ventosa A, Kamekura M, Kates M (1986). "Classification of non-alkaliphilic halobacteria based on numerical taxonomy and polar lipid composition, and description of Haloarcula gen. nov. and Haloferax gen.nov". Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 8: 89–99. doi:10.1016/s0723-2020(86)80155-2. 
  • Gibbons, NE (1974). "Family V. Halobacteriaceae fam. nov.". In RE Buchanan and NE Gibbons, eds. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology (8th ed.). Baltimore: The Williams & Wilkins Co. ISBN 0-683-01117-0. 
  • PubMed references for Haloferax
  • PubMed Central references for Haloferax
  • Google Scholar references for Haloferax

External links[edit]