Halsema Highway

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N204 (Philippines).svg
Halsema Highway Sign.svg
Halsema Highway
Benguet–Mountain Province Road
Baguio–Bontoc Road
Mountain Trail
Highest Point Philippine Highway System.jpg
Highest point marker in Atok, Benguet
Route information
Length150 km (93 mi)
Existed1930–present
Component
highways
N204
Major junctions
North end N204 (Bontoc–Tabuk Road) / N109 (Bontoc–Banaue Road) in Bontoc, Mountain Province
Major intersections
South endMagsaysay Avenue in Baguio
Location
CountryPhilippines
Provinces
Major citiesBaguio
Towns
Highway system
  • Roads in the Philippines

Halsema Highway (also known as the Benguet–Mountain Province Road, Baguio–Bontoc Road or Mountain Trail[1]) is a national secondary highway in the Philippines. Situated within the Cordillera Central range in northern Luzon, it stretches from the city limit[2] of Baguio to the municipality of Bontoc.[3] Its highest point is at 7,400 feet (2,300 m) above sea level in the municipality of Atok.[4] It was officially recognized as the highest altitude highway in the Philippines[5] until 2019 when the 2,428.66 m (7,968.0 ft) high point Kiangan–Tinoc–Buguias Road in Tinoc, Ifugao was recognized as the new holder of the distinction.[6]

The 150-kilometer (93.2 mi)[5] highway covers 95 kilometers (59 mi)[7] of Benguet province and traverses eight of its municipalities (La Trinidad, Tublay, Atok, Bokod, Kabayan, Buguias, Bakun, and Mankayan). It also covers four Mountain Province towns (Bauko, Sabangan, Bontoc, and Sagada).[8] The road splits into two upon reaching the village of Dantay, in Bontoc. One road leads to downtown Bontoc,[4] while the other leads to the town of Sagada, 29 kilometers (18.0 mi) farther from the junction.

The entire highway forms a component of the National Route 204 (N204) of the Philippine highway network.

History[edit]

The highway was named after an American engineer, named Eusebius Julius Halsema,[1][9] who served as the mayor of Baguio from 1920 to 1937. Under Halsema's term, its construction commenced in 1922 with the help of locals and was completed in 1930 as a foot trail.

Halsema Highway has been a crucial part of Cordillera's history and transportation. It's the only existing link between Baguio and Cordillera's most remote areas. It is the only route that vegetable farmers take to distribute vegetables in Baguio's markets.

Hazards[edit]

Parts of the highway are dangerous, especially during the rainy season, when landslides are common and asphalted portions become slippery.[5][9]

In March 2013, List25 included the highway at #9 in its 25 Most Dangerous Roads in the World.[5][10]

It was shown in Discovery World's show, Hot Roads - World's Most Dangerous Roads.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Halsema, James. "History and Biography of Euseibus Julius Halsema". Halsema.org. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  2. ^ Aure Galacgac, Aure (February 6, 2014). "Halsema Highway to be made 'tourist friendly'". Sun.Star Baguio. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  3. ^ Sy, Marvin (June 9, 2010). "NEDA: Vegetable prices to rise during rainy season". The Philippine Star. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Caluza, Desiree (May 26, 2014). "Mountain Trail leads to culture, nature hubs". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
  5. ^ a b c d "Halsema Highway". Dangerous Roads. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  6. ^ Cimatu, Frank (March 20, 2019). "Halsema Highroad Point dethroned as highest point in PH Highway System". Rappler. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
  7. ^ "Province of Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government (Philippines) - Cordillera Administrative Region. DILG-CAR. March 7, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "Halsema Hway". Mapcentral. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  9. ^ a b Glover, Morgan (July 27, 2014). "Halsema Highway: Most Dangerous Driving Roads". Elephant Car Hire. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
  10. ^ "25 Most Dangerous Roads in the World". List25. March 11, 2013. Retrieved September 29, 2014.

Coordinates: 16°34′30″N 120°44′11″E / 16.5750°N 120.7363°E / 16.5750; 120.7363