Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery
|Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery|
|Purpose||assess condition of the brain and function|
The Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery (HRNB) and allied procedures is a comprehensive suite of neuropsychological tests used to assess the condition and functioning of the brain, including etiology, type (diffuse vs. specific), localization and lateralization of brain injury. The HRNB was first constructed by Ward C. Halstead, who was chairman of the Psychology Department at the University of Chicago, together with his doctoral student, Ralph Reitan (who later extended Halstead's Test Battery at the Indiana University Medical Center). A major aim of administering the HRNB to patients was if possible to lateralize a lesion to either the left or right cerebral hemisphere by comparing the functioning on the both sides of the body on a variety of tests such as the Suppression or Sensory Imperception Test, the Finger Agnosia Test, Finger Tip Writing, the Finger Tapping Test, and the Tactual Performance Test. One difficulty with the HRNB was its excessive administration time (up to 3 hours or more in some brain-injured patients). In particular, administration of the Halstead Category Test was lengthy, so subsequent attempts were made to construct reliable and valid short-forms.
The HRNB includes:
- Wechsler Intelligence Scale
- Aphasia Screening Test
- Trail-Making Test, parts A and B (measures time to connect a sequence of numbers (Trail-Making, Part A) or alternating numbers and letters (Trail-Making, Part B).
- Halstead Category Test (a test of abstract concept learning ability—comprising seven subtests which form several factors: a Counting factor (subtests I and II), a Spatial Positional Reasoning factor (subtests III, IV, and VII), a Proportional Reasoning factor (subtests V, VI, and VII), and an Incidental Memory factor (subtest VII).
- Tactual Performance Test
- Seashore Rhythm Test
- Speech Sounds Perception Test
- Finger Tapping Test
- Sensory Perceptual Examination
- Lateral Dominance Examination
- Walsh, K.W. (1991). Understanding Brain Damage: A Primer of Neuropsychological Evaluation (2nd. ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.
- Darby, D., & Walsh, K.W. (2005). Walsh's Neuropsychology: A Clinical Approach, (5th ed.). Edinburgh: Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone.
- Halstead, W.C. (1947). Brain and Intelligence. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press
- Reitan, R.M. (1955). Investigation of the validity of Halstead's measures of biological intelligence. Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 73, 28-35.
- Reitan, R.M. (1959). The comparative effects of brain damage on the Halstead Impairment Index and the Wechsler-Bellevue scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 15, 281-285.
- Reitan, R.M. (1966). A research program on the psychological effects of brain lesions in human beings. In N.R. Ellis (Ed.), International Review of Research in Mental Retardation, Vol. 1 (pp. 153-218). New York: Academic Press
- Russell, E.W., Neuringer, C., & Goldstein, G. (1970). Assessment of Brain Damage: A Neuropsychological Key Approach. New York: Wiley-Interscience.
- Steindl, S.R., & Boyle, G.J. (1995). Use of the Booklet Category Test to assess abstract concept formation in schizophrenic disorders. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 10, 205-210.
- Boyle, G.J. (1975). Shortened Halstead Category Test. Australian Psychologist, 10, 81-84.
- Boyle, G.J. (1986). Clinical neuropsychological assessment: Abbreviating the Halstead Category Test of brain dysfunction. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42, 615-625.
- Boyle, G.J. (1988). What does the neuropsychological Category Test measure? Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 3, 69-76.
- Reitan, R.M. (1985). Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Test Battery: Theory and Clinical Interpretation. Tucson, Arizona: Reitan Neuropsychology. ISBN 0934515026.