The highest point of Finland, also a border mark
|Elevation||1,365 m (4,478 ft)|
|Prominence||510 m (1,670 ft)|
|Listing||Country high point|
|Parent range||Scandinavian Mountains|
|Easiest route||walk about 50 km (31 mi) from Kilpisjärvi in Finland or walk from Kåfjorddalen in Norway|
Halti (Finnish: Haltitunturi, Northern Sami: Háldičohkka, Swedish: Haldefjäll) is a fell at the border between Norway and Finland. The peak (elevation 1,365 m (4,478 ft)) of the fell is in Norway, on the border between the municipalities of Nordreisa and Gáivuotna–Kåfjord, about 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) north of the border with Finland. The highest point of the fell on the Finnish side is at 1,324 m (4,344 ft) above sea level, and thus the highest point in the country. The Finnish side of Halti belongs to the municipality of Enontekiö in the province of Lapland.
The peak on the Norwegian side is known as Ráisduattarháldi. The highest point in Finland is on a spur of Ráisduattarháldi at 1,324 m (4,344 ft) known as Hálditšohkka at the border of Norway. The peak proper is not in Finland; border marker is on a hill. The highest mountain whose peak is in Finland is Ridnitšohkka, at 1,316 m (4,318 ft) and a few kilometers from Halti. Halti was measured and mapped by the Finnish person Erkki Perä.
The reason for the border being the way it is can be traced to a Swedish-Danish border treaty in 1734, when Norway belonged to Denmark and Finland to Sweden. The treaty specifies the border only by some its biggest natural features like mountains. Thus, international boundary commissions would walk the border and place border markers where it was convenient. The actual border was then agreed to lie on a straight line between these markers, as was the usual practice at the time.
Proposed border change
In 2015, a group of Norwegians began a campaign to give the peak of Hálditšohkka to Finland for its centenary in 2017 by moving the border between the two countries by 200 m (660 ft). The idea gained substantial public support in both countries, and in July 2016 it was reported that the Prime Minister of Norway, Erna Solberg was seriously considering ceding the peak. Norway ultimately chose not to move the border, citing the Norwegian constitution's definition of the country as an "indivisible and inalienable" realm.
- Scandinavian Mountains
- Extreme points of Finland
- List of highest points of European countries
- Ernst Thalmann Island, gifted by Cuba to East Germany in 1972.
- Store norske leksikon. "Halti" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2010-04-04.
- "Norway launches campaign to give Finland a mountain". The Telegraph. 18 December 2015.
- "Norway considers giving mountain to Finland as 100th birthday present". The Guardian. 28 July 2016.
- "Halti plan halted: Norway will not gift mountain top to neighbour Finland". The Guardian. 15 October 2016.
Media related to Halti at Wikimedia Commons