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Halvad is located in Gujarat
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 23°01′N 71°11′E / 23.02°N 71.18°E / 23.02; 71.18Coordinates: 23°01′N 71°11′E / 23.02°N 71.18°E / 23.02; 71.18
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Morbi
Elevation 46 m (151 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 24,323
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Halvad is a town and a municipality in Morbi district in the Gujarat state of India.


Halvad is located at 23°01′N 71°11′E / 23.02°N 71.18°E / 23.02; 71.18.[1] It has an average elevation of 46 metres (150 feet). Halvad sits on the banks of the Samatsar Pond. Halvad is protected by a temple of Shiva in all the directions. Halvad is called the Chota (small) Kashi of India.
Names of temples around Halvad:

  • Sharaneshwer - Shiva temple located on the bank of the pond, with a Stepwell.
  • Bhavanibhuteshwar
  • Gaulokeshwar
  • Shabaleshwar
  • Kashivishwanath
  • Dholeshwar
  • Vaijnath

Halvad is a village of Brahmins. The development of Halvad was because of the Patel community. They brought a lot of changes in local farming methods. Halvad was a former capital of the Dhrangadhra State and was ruled by the Jhala Rajputs. It is an ancient fortified town at the southern edge of the Little Rann of Kutch. The yellow earth of this semi arid area and the buildings of local yellow sandstone make the whole town glow vibrant golden yellow during sunrise.

Halvad is famous for gourmet Brahmins and heroic warriors, who fought against past invaders to protect their hometown. Today, one can see several cenotaphs and hero-stones built of sandstone at the edge of town. Paliyas (memorial stones) remind visitors of the bloody battles fought at the gates of Halvad. They evoke memories of women who committed sati to protect their honor and men who died fighting against enemies. Newly weds come here to perform the ritual of the untying of nuptial knots and pay homage to their ancestors. Even today, once a year, an unusual competition of Laddu eating is organised by the Brahmins of Halvad.

Chatris (15th century structures) resemble the architecture of the smaller temple structures of Gujarat, with carved columns, high plinths and cobbled roofs in pyramidal shape. The vast arid landscape, dotted with Chatris, makes a picturesque setting. At the edge of town, on the banks of the Samatsar lake, stands the finest example of the wooden architecture of the Royal Palaces of Gujarat. Other similar examples of palaces on the lake-shore in India are the palaces of Udaipur, Alwar, Datia and Mandu. The Halvad Palace Campus has all the elements of Rajput palaces - a zenana, a hall for public audience, a temple to the family goddess, a pleasure garden and administrative offices.

The entry to the Halvad Palace is from the town. A beautifully carved entrance gate leads one to a huge courtyard. The formal square plan of two storied palace structure, adorned with exquisitely carved wooden columns, brackets, friezes and jalis with geometric patterns defines the courtyard. Four raised pathways, from the center of each side, meet in the middle of the courtyard at the base of the seven storied, octagonal tower, with jharokhas overlooking all eight directions. From the top of this tower, on a clear day, one can see the surrounding villages; therefore, it is popularly known as Jhalawad Darshan or EK-Dandia Mahal.

The long facade, with carved stone jharokhas, brings in the cool breeze as it overlooks the lake. The jharokhas were the favorite sit-outs of the royal ladies, while on full moon nights the terrace was used for private royal gatherings. Even today, one can see beautiful carved sit-outs of sandstone on the terrace. In short, the architecture of the palace is a perfect synthesis of two natural materials, stone and wood.

Halvad has four old step-wells and six Shiva Temples encircling the town. The Bhavani Temple and the Bhuteshwar Mahadev at the cremation ground are at least 500 years old and are protected monuments. On the west bank of the Samatsar Lake, a famous pilgrim place of the Dawoodi Bohra community, the dargah of Maula Qazi, is located.

Dargah of Maula Qazi

Halvad is close to the Wild Ass Sanctuary at the Little Rann of Kutch. The Asiatic Wild Ass is a member of the horse family, with striking white underparts and a deep mane. It is a strong and powerful runner. Other animals spotted here are Nilgai and Chinkara and the birds seen are the Indian Sandgrouse, Hubara Bustard, Lark, Desert Warbler, Desert Wheatear, Indian Courser and Vultures.


As of 2001 India census,[2] Halvad had a population of 26,026. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Halvad has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 68% and female literacy is 51%. In Halvad, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Today, Halvad has become an education hub of the north-east part of Saurashtra. Mother Palace is first raised residential building. Halvad is famous for high-tech agriculture. It has high production of cotton and is ranked among the top cotton producing regions of India. It also has some salt producing units. Nowadays, the Market Yard of Halvad has become one of the largest market yards of Saurashtra. It has developed in education just like Ahmedabad. It has a lot of influence of Brahmins. One example of this is that, when you visit this town, you will not see any shops, hotels or handcarts serving any non-veg recipe, not even eggs. This is a very important town for politics and Hinduism. It has progressed in agriculture, with crops like cotton, groundnut, mustard, castor, onion, watermelon, muskmelon, pomegranate, papaya, kesar mango, garlic, millet, jowar, tobacco, etc. being cultivated on the outskirts of the town.


  1. ^ "Halvad, India". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Retrieved 2007-04-09. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.