Halyzia sedecimguttata

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Halyzia sedecimguttata
Halyzia.sedecimguttata.7159.jpg
Halyzia sedecimguttata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Coccinellidae
Genus: Halyzia
Species: H. sedecimguttata
Binomial name
Halyzia sedecimguttata

Halyzia sedecimguttata, or orange ladybird, is a species of Coccinellidae, also known as ladybird.

H. sedecimguttata in motion

Distribution[edit]

Halyzia sedecimguttata is common in Europe, European Russia, the Caucasus, Siberia, the Russian Far East, Belarus, Ukraine,Transcaucasia, Kazakhstan, Asia Minor, Mongolia, Northern China, Japan.[1][2]

It was formerly uncommon in the British Isles but the species has established itself over the 20th century and it is now common in many parts.[3]

Habitat[edit]

Common in woodlands, it is more frequent in dry areas, mainly in deciduous woodland (Western European broadleaf forests, Palearctic temperate broadleaf and mixed forest) and in parkland, at forest edges, and on hedges.

Description[edit]

Halyzia sedecimguttata can reach a length of 5–6 millimetres (0.20–0.24 in). These beetles have an oval shaped body, rather round than elongated. Compound eyes are black. The antennae are light-brown, quite long and slightly thickened at the end. Their physical appearance is marked by a striking orange colour and the presence of 16 (sometimes less) creamy white large spots on the elytra (eight spots on each elytron). The neck shield usually covers the head and shows orange colored spots. A typical feature is the slightly transparent edges of the elytra. Transparent parts are also present on either side of the neck shield.

This species is rather similar to Calvia decemguttata and Vibidia duodecimguttata.

Biology[edit]

Adults are visible from April to October. They spend the winter under the bark of the trees or in the forest litter under fallen leave. Both larvae and adults feed on mildew that infects the leaves of plants and occasionally on small aphids.[4] They mainly feed on Erisyphaceae infesting trees and bushes.[5] In particular, they feed on Phyllactinia guttata and Podosphaera mors-uvae [6] and on aphids present on Quercus robur, Tilia cordata, Ulmus minor, Acer pseudoplatanus, Corylus avellana, Fraxinus excelsior, Alnus viridis, Alnus glutinosa and on coniferous trees.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ N. B. Nikitsky and А. S. Ukrainsky , 2016 The Ladybird Beetles (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) of Moscow Province ISSN 0013–8738, Entomological Review, 2016, Vol. 96, No. 6, pp. 710–735 ISSN 0013–8738 online pdf
  2. ^ Fauna Europaea
  3. ^ Richard B Weddle The history and current status of the orange ladybird Halyzia sedecimguttata (Linnaeus, 1758) in the Clyde area in the UK context (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in The Glasgow Naturalist pdf
  4. ^ Dyadechko, N.P., The Coccinellidae of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, Kiev, 1954) [in Russian].
  5. ^ Iablokoff-Khnzorian, S.M., A Review of the Family Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of the Fauna of the USSR, Zoologicheskii Sbornik Instituta Zoologii Armyanskoi SSR. Yerevan 19, 94–161 (1983)
  6. ^ Burakowski, B., Mroczkowski, M., and Stefańska, J., Katalog Fauny Polski. Szęść XXIII, Chrząszcze– Coleoptera. Tom 13. Cucujoidea, część 2 (Państwowe wydawnictwo naukowe, Warszawa, 1986).

External links[edit]