Village green, Ham, with the Crown and Anchor (2009)
|Ham shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||161 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
Ham is first mentioned in a charter of 931, in which King Æthelstan granted land to his thegn Wulfgar. The modern boundaries of Ham parish are little changed from those defined in clauses attached to the charter. Wulfgar willed the estate to his wife and then to the Old Minster, Winchester.
The Domesday book of 1086 recorded a settlement of twenty households at Hame, on land held by the Bishop of Winchester. In the 13th century, Ham was considered to be part of Savernake Forest. By 1284 the estate was assigned to St. Swithun's Priory, Winchester, and continued to support the monks until the Dissolution. In 1541 it was granted to the chapter of Winchester Cathedral, who retained ownership until the manor and land were sold in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Manor House, west of the church, is from the 17th century with changes and additions in the late 18th and 19th. It is a Grade II* listed building. Dove's House, northwest of the village green, is early 18th and also Grade II* listed. Ham Spray House, east of Ham village, is c. 1830. An Ordnance Survey map published in 1961 shows the house and outbuildings standing in parkland; today, large agricultural buildings are immediately north of the house.
A National School was built opposite the Crown and Anchor in 1874, replacing a small schoolroom which was attended by 61 pupils on return day in 1871. The number of children fell during the 20th century but increased on the closure of the Buttermere school in 1944. By 1980 there were only 17 pupils and the school was closed.
A church at Ham was recorded in 1172. The current All Saints' Church dates from the 13th century and has a 14th-century tower. Restoration during the 18th century saw the tower refaced and a north porch added; inside a west gallery was inserted, lit by a dormer window on each side. The interior is largely from the 18th century, the church having escaped Victorian restoration except for minor works in 1849.
The building was designated as Grade I listed in 1986. The benefice was united in 1933 with Buttermere, and in 1956 with Shalbourne. Today the parish forms part of the Savernake team ministry.
Lytton Strachey and Ralph Partridge, members of the Bloomsbury Group, bought Ham Spray House for £2,300 and moved there in 1924. Several of that group and other writers and artists spent time there until Ralph died in 1960, including:
- Dora Carrington (1893–1932), painter and decorative artist
- Frances Partridge (1900–2004), writer and diarist
- Lytton Strachey (1880–1932), writer and biographer
Ham has a village hall. The village pub, the Crown and Anchor, closed in 2015 or 2016.
- Carrington – 1995 biographical film, partly set at Ham Spray House
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 7 February 2015. Note: ONS raw data (as opposed to this County Council figure) encapsulates 'too small to publish all data for reasons of confidentiality of living people' Buttermere, Wiltshire in the parish data being here identical to output area E00162591 so more demographic statistics will become available in a few decades from 2011.
- Baggs, A.P.; Crittall, Elizabeth; Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H (1980). Crowley, D.A., ed. "Victoria County History: Wiltshire: Vol 11 pp151-158 – Parishes: Ham". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- John Chandler (2001). Marlborough and Eastern Wiltshire. Hobnob Press. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-946418-07-7.
- Ham in the Domesday Book
- Historic England. "Manor House (1034060)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- Historic England. "Dove's House (1184229)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- Historic England. "Ham Spray House (1184260)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- "Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 maps of Great Britain, sheet SU36". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 2 February 2017.
- "Parochial School, Ham". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1300266)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- The London Gazette: . 15 August 1933.
- The London Gazette: . 11 September 1956.
- "All Saint's Church, Ham". Savenake Team. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- Anne Chisholm (2 July 2009). Frances Partridge: The Biography. Orion. ISBN 978-0-297-85771-6.
- "Ham Spray House". Hungerford Virtual Museum. Hungerford Historical Association. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
Media related to Ham, Wiltshire at Wikimedia Commons