Ham sandwich

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Ham sandwich
Ham sandwich1.jpg
Ham sandwich made with focaccia bread, with lettuce and mustard
TypeSandwich
Place of originUnited Kingdom
Main ingredientsTwo pieces of sliced bread, sliced ham
Ham and cheese sandwich
Grilled ham and cheese 014.JPG
A grilled ham and cheese sandwich, in a cast iron frying pan (croque-monsieur style)
TypeSandwich
Main ingredientsSliced bread, cheese, ham
Ham sandwiches prepared with toasted bread
An open ham sandwich with cucumber and tomato

The ham sandwich is a common type of sandwich.[1] The bread may be fresh or toasted, and it can be made with a variety of toppings including cheese and vegetables like lettuce, tomato, onion or pickle slices. Various kinds of mustard and mayonnaise are also common.

Sliced bread, sliced cheese, and sliced cooked ham are very readily available in Western supermarkets and as a result ham sandwiches are quick and easy to prepare. They are a common component of a packed lunch.

History[edit]

The ham sandwich is one of the earliest recorded closed-face sandwiches; by 1850, at least 70 London street vendors offered it.[2]

Ham and cheese sandwich[edit]

The origin of the ham and cheese sandwich has been debated for a number of years by culinary intellectuals. The leading theory as to who first started to produce a ham, cheese and bread dish is mentioned in The Larousse Gastronomique 1961. Here it notes that Patrick Connolly, an 18th-century Irish immigrant to England, sold a bread dish which:

combined the remains of pig, cured and sliced with a topping of Leicester cheese and a kiss of egg yolk sauce (a form of mayonnaise) in a round bread roll. The dish was rather unimaginatively known as a Connolly and is still sometimes referred to as this in some parts of the Midlands in the UK.

In the UK, a common addition to a ham and cheese sandwich is pickle (a sweet, vinegary chutney originally by Branston); the snack is then known as a ham, cheese and pickle sandwich.[3][4][5][6][7]

As recalled by ballpark concessionaire Harry Stevens in a 1924 interview, in 1894 ham and cheese sandwiches were the only food sold in New York baseball parks; frankfurters were introduced in 1909.[8]

An Englishwoman, writing in 1923 of her passage through Ellis Island on a trip to the U.S., noted:

I was in fear and trembling, having heard so many tales of the abuse aliens receive there.... The attendants were very kind and not at all rough with us. It was the noon hour... in a little while porters came along with baskets of very good ham and cheese sandwiches and coffee for the grown-ups and milk for the babies.[9]

Richard E. Byrd took ham and cheese sandwiches on his 1926 polar flight as did 1927 transatlantic fliers Chamberlin and Levine.[10]

Consumption[edit]

The British Sandwich Association says that the ham sandwich is the most popular sandwich in the UK,[11] and a survey they conducted in 2001 saw ham as the second favourite filling behind cheese.[12] 70% of the 1.8 billion sandwiches eaten in France in 2008 were ham sandwiches, prompting a French economic analysis firm to begin a 'jambon-beurre index', like the Big Mac Index, to compare prices across the country.[13]

The world's longest ham sandwich was created by butcher Nico Jimenez in Pamplona, Spain in 2009.[14]

Varieties[edit]

Open-faced ham and cheese tapas-style sandwiches
Home made ham and cheese sandwich

In French cuisine, a croque-monsieur is a type of ham and cheese sandwich. It is baked or fried.

In Brazilian cuisine, this sandwich roasted is known as misto-quente ("hot mix" in literal translation).

The Cuban sandwich is made with ham, cheese, and crusty Cuban bread, often toasted in a panini press. Variations of this sandwich are popular in both Cuba and South Florida.

Health[edit]

The World Cancer Research Fund warned in 2009 against parents feeding their children too many ham sandwiches, due to the risk of bowel cancer from the processed meat.[15][16]

A ham sandwich was suspected of causing an outbreak of swine fever in the UK in 2000.[17]

Cultural impact[edit]

New York State chief judge Sol Wachtler was famously quoted by Tom Wolfe in The Bonfire of the Vanities that "a grand jury would 'indict a ham sandwich,' if that's what you wanted."[18][19]

A fictional talking ham sandwich appeared in an online noir serial in the late 1990s, and the publishers sued in 1999 when a similar character appeared in a television advertisement for Florida orange juice, though the suit was withdrawn.[20][21]

The name "ham sandwich" is sometimes used (particularly by the New Orleans Police Department) to refer to a firearm planted at a crime scene by police as false evidence.[22][23][24]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jean Pare (1987). Soups & Sandwiches: Soups and Sandwiches. Company's Coming Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-0-9690695-6-0., p. 138: "Insert slices of ham and cheese between 2 slices of buttered bread or toast. Add lettuce along with mayonnaise or mustard."
  2. ^ Alan Davidson and Tom Jaine (2006). The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280681-9., p. 692.
  3. ^ "Ham, Cheese & Pickle Sandwich Calories and Nutritional Information". Fatsecret.co.uk. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  4. ^ "Tesco Ham, Cheese & Pickle Sandwich online in Sainsbury's at mySupermarket". Mysupermarket.co.uk. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  5. ^ Jess Kapadia (February 8, 2012). "England's Cheese and Pickle Sandwich". Food Republic. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  6. ^ "Ham, Cheese & Pickle". Urban Eat. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "The perfect Branston Pickle® sandwich recipe - All recipes UK". Allrecipes.co.uk. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
  8. ^ The New York Times, April 13, 1924, p. XX2: Ball Fans Must Eat: Harry Stevens, Caterer to the Sport World, Talks of Outdoor Appetites
  9. ^ The New York Times, July 1, 1923, p. XX8, Letters to the Editor: Experience at Ellis Island
  10. ^ The New York Times, June 29, 1927, p. 2, Fliers' Menus More Varied Than That on Earlier Trips. In addition to sixteen ham and cheese sandwiches, Byrd took sixteen chicken sandwiches, four roast chickens, one gallon of coffee, and one quart of tea. (Lindbergh carried ham sandwiches).
  11. ^ Porter, John (23 April 2009). "Ham it up in British Sandwich Week". The Publican. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  12. ^ "Shaping the sandwich of the future". BBC News. 18 May 2001. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  13. ^ Partos, Lindsey (11 March 2009). "New ham sandwich economic 'yardstick' mimicks Big Mac index". Food and Drink Europe. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  14. ^ "Ham fisted". Austrian Times. 29 October 2009. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  15. ^ "Cancer warnings on ham sandwiches". The Courier Mail. 18 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  16. ^ "Charity seeks end to lunchbox ham". BBC News. 17 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  17. ^ Brown, David (2000-09-28). "Rambler 'started piggy fever' with ham sandwich". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  18. ^ Tom Wolfe (1987). The Bonfire of the Vanities. Farrar Straus Giroux. ISBN 0-312-42757-3.
  19. ^ Barry Popik (July 15, 2004). ""Indict a Ham Sandwich"". The Big Apple".
  20. ^ Pfister, Nancy (19 February 1999). "K.O. the mayo! Bread bites back". Orlando Business Journal. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  21. ^ Hil, J. Dee (24 January 2000). "Richards, Web Site Settle Dispute Over 'Talking Sandwich'". Adweek. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
  22. ^ "Whitewash and ham sandwiches". The Economist. 2010-07-24.
  23. ^ "FRONTLINE – Documentary films and thought-provoking journalism". Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  24. ^ "Former New Orleans Police Detective Pleads Guilty; Confirms Danziger Cover-up". Retrieved 18 July 2016.

External links[edit]