|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Main ingredients||Two pieces of sliced bread, sliced ham|
|Main ingredients||Sliced bread, cheese, ham|
The ham sandwich is a common type of sandwich. The bread may be fresh or toasted, and it can be made with a variety of toppings including cheese and vegetables like lettuce, tomato, onion or pickle slices. Various kinds of mustard and mayonnaise are also common.
Sliced bread, sliced cheese, and sliced cooked ham are very readily available in Western supermarkets and as a result ham sandwiches are quick and easy to prepare. They are a common component of a packed lunch.
The ham sandwich is one of the earliest recorded closed-face sandwiches; by 1850, at least 70 London street vendors offered it.
Ham and cheese sandwich
The origin of the ham and cheese sandwich has been debated for a number of years by culinary intellectuals. The leading theory as to who first started to produce a ham, cheese and bread dish is mentioned in The Larousse Gastronomique 1961. Here it notes that Patrick Connolly, an 18th-century Irish immigrant to England, sold a bread dish which:
combined the remains of pig, cured and sliced with a topping of Leicester cheese and a kiss of egg yolk sauce (a form of mayonnaise) in a round bread roll. The dish was rather unimaginatively known as a Connolly and is still sometimes referred to as this in some parts of the Midlands in the UK.
As recalled by ballpark concessionaire Harry Stevens in a 1924 interview, in 1894 ham and cheese sandwiches were the only food sold in New York baseball parks; frankfurters were introduced in 1909.
An Englishwoman, writing in 1923 of her passage through Ellis Island on a trip to the U.S., noted:
I was in fear and trembling, having heard so many tales of the abuse aliens receive there.... The attendants were very kind and not at all rough with us. It was the noon hour... in a little while porters came along with baskets of very good ham and cheese sandwiches and coffee for the grown-ups and milk for the babies.
The British Sandwich Association says that the ham sandwich is the most popular sandwich in the UK, and a survey they conducted in 2001 saw ham as the second favourite filling behind cheese. 70% of the 1.8 billion sandwiches eaten in France in 2008 were ham sandwiches, prompting a French economic analysis firm to begin a 'jambon-beurre index', like the Big Mac Index, to compare prices across the country.
The world's longest ham sandwich was created by butcher Nico Jimenez in Pamplona, Spain in 2009.
In Brazilian cuisine, this sandwich roasted is known as misto-quente ("hot mix" in literal translation).
The Cuban sandwich is made with ham, cheese, and crusty Cuban bread, often toasted in a panini press. Variations of this sandwich are popular in both Cuba and South Florida.
A fictional talking ham sandwich appeared in an online noir serial in the late 1990s, and the publishers sued in 1999 when a similar character appeared in a television advertisement for Florida orange juice, though the suit was withdrawn.
- Jean Pare (1987). Soups & Sandwiches: Soups and Sandwiches. Company's Coming Publishing Limited. ISBN 978-0-9690695-6-0., p. 138: "Insert slices of ham and cheese between 2 slices of buttered bread or toast. Add lettuce along with mayonnaise or mustard."
- Alan Davidson and Tom Jaine (2006). The Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-280681-9., p. 692.
- "Ham, Cheese & Pickle Sandwich Calories and Nutritional Information". Fatsecret.co.uk. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "Tesco Ham, Cheese & Pickle Sandwich online in Sainsbury's at mySupermarket". Mysupermarket.co.uk. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- Jess Kapadia (February 8, 2012). "England's Cheese and Pickle Sandwich". Food Republic. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "Ham, Cheese & Pickle". Urban Eat. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- "The perfect Branston Pickle® sandwich recipe - All recipes UK". Allrecipes.co.uk. Retrieved March 8, 2014.
- The New York Times, April 13, 1924, p. XX2: Ball Fans Must Eat: Harry Stevens, Caterer to the Sport World, Talks of Outdoor Appetites
- The New York Times, July 1, 1923, p. XX8, Letters to the Editor: Experience at Ellis Island
- The New York Times, June 29, 1927, p. 2, Fliers' Menus More Varied Than That on Earlier Trips. In addition to sixteen ham and cheese sandwiches, Byrd took sixteen chicken sandwiches, four roast chickens, one gallon of coffee, and one quart of tea. (Lindbergh carried ham sandwiches).
- Porter, John (23 April 2009). "Ham it up in British Sandwich Week". The Publican. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
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- Partos, Lindsey (11 March 2009). "New ham sandwich economic 'yardstick' mimicks Big Mac index". Food and Drink Europe. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- "Ham fisted". Austrian Times. 29 October 2009. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- "Cancer warnings on ham sandwiches". The Courier Mail. 18 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- "Charity seeks end to lunchbox ham". BBC News. 17 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- Brown, David (2000-09-28). "Rambler 'started piggy fever' with ham sandwich". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- Tom Wolfe (1987). The Bonfire of the Vanities. Farrar Straus Giroux. ISBN 0-312-42757-3.
- Barry Popik (July 15, 2004). ""Indict a Ham Sandwich"". The Big Apple".
- Pfister, Nancy (19 February 1999). "K.O. the mayo! Bread bites back". Orlando Business Journal. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- Hil, J. Dee (24 January 2000). "Richards, Web Site Settle Dispute Over 'Talking Sandwich'". Adweek. Retrieved 2009-11-06.
- "Whitewash and ham sandwiches". The Economist. 2010-07-24.
- "FRONTLINE – Documentary films and thought-provoking journalism". Retrieved 18 July 2016.
- "Former New Orleans Police Detective Pleads Guilty; Confirms Danziger Cover-up". Retrieved 18 July 2016.