|Coordinates (Hama): Coordinates:|
|• Governor||Mohammad Tariq Kreashati|
|• Total||8,883 km2 (3,430 sq mi)|
|Estimates range between 8,844 km² and 8,883 km²|
|• Density||180/km2 (470/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||SY-HM|
Hama Governorate (Arabic: مُحافظة حماة / ALA-LC: Muḥāfaẓat Ḥamā) is one of the 14 governorates of Syria. It is situated in western-central Syria, bordering Idlib and Aleppo Governorates to the south, Raqqa Governorate to the west, Homs Governorate to the north, and Tartus and Latakia Governorate to the east. It is the only Governorate (excluding Damascus) that does not border a foreign country. Measures of its area vary from 8,844 km2 to 8,883 km2, with its capital being the city of Hama.
- Al Qubays - medieval castle
- Apamea - Graeco-Roman city
- Bourzey castle - Byzantine castle
- Masyaf Castle - medieval castle
- Shmemis - Ayyubid castle
- Tell Asharneh - possible site of Bronze Age Tunip
- Tell Qarqur - ancient settlement
Syrian Civil War
The city was one of several that saw anti-Assad protests in 2011, the violent suppression of which ultimately led to the outbreak of civil war. Despite this, for the most part the governorate has stayed under the Syrian Government's control, with exceptions of parts of the north-west in the early years of the conflict. The eastern desert regions of the governorate fell under the control of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant by 2016, but by September 2017 the Syrian Army had managed to oust them.
The western regions of the governorate are part of the Syrian Coastal Mountain Range (Nusayriyah Mountains), running north to south. Roughly parallel with the mountains to the east is the Al-Ghab Plain, with the Orontes river flowing through it, Hama city lies on this river. The central and eastern regions of the governorate consists of flatter desert terrain.
The provincial capital is Hama; other major settlements include Akakir, Al-Hamraa, Al Qastal, Al-Saan, Aqarib as Safi, At Tammazah, Ithriya, Kafr Buhum, Karnaz, Mahardah, Masyaf, Murak, Qalaat al-Madiq, Qasr Ibn Wardan, Sabburah, Salamiyah, Shaykh Hilal, Shaytalun, Suran and Tayyibat at Turki.
Hama Governorate is a major agricultural and industrial center of Syria. About 3,680 square kilometers of land are used for agriculture, which is about a third of the total area of the province. Every year, more than half of all agricultural crops (especially potatoes and pistachios) from all over Syria are produced here. Cattle breeding is also widespread here.
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