|• Urban density||3,118.8/sq mi (1,204.16/km2)|
Madinat Hamad or Hamad Town (Arabic: مدينة حمد) is a primarily commuter city within northern Bahrain. It was a municipality of Bahrain in the central part of the country. It was split off of the municipality of Ar Rifa' wa al Mintaqah al Janubiyah in 1991. Its territory is now in the Northern Governorate. Its name refers to the current king of Bahrain, Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah. The city is culturally diverse, housing a proportionally mixed Shia-Sunni population of varying socio-economic backgrounds. Today, Hamad Town is an epitome of Bahraini multiculturalism, with no single ethnic or religious group making up the majority of inhabitants. The city is also noted for its large Near Eastern population, mainly from Levantine countries such as Syria and Jordan.
Hamad Town was set up in 1984 as a 'housing town', where the government built council houses for those who could not afford the ever increasing house prices in other parts of the country.
In 1990 the government opened the door of Bahrain to the Kuwaiti people who were suffering from the effects of the gulf war with Iraq. It provided free houses and schools in Hamad Town allowed them to use the town’s facilities. The Kuwaitis returned home in early 1991 at the end of the war.
In 2001 the government gave the council houses to the people of Hamad town for free.
In 2011, as part of the ongoing Bahraini uprising, the government demolished three mosques it said had housed weapons and illegal activities. The opposition denied these claims, and the act was severely criticized by Islamic scholars in the Middle East.
Hamad Town is 18 km from the capital Manama and 19 km from the airport. It is close to the Sakheer area which contains the huge Formula One motor racing circuit (Bahrain International Circuit), which is the biggest circuit in the Middle East.
Hamad Town is famous for its 22 roundabouts. Residential addresses are based on the number of the nearest roundabout. By the Year 2005 the population of the town was 52718. It has now supplanted Isa Town in regard to population density ranking.
Law and government
Hamad Town is part of the North Governorate, one of five governorates of Bahrain. However, governorates are forbidden from passing their own laws and must abide by all national laws of the Kingdom of Bahrain.
The people of Hamad Town tend to go the capital Manama to work. Most of Hamad Town is a residential area but there is a large shopping centre called Sooq Waqif which contains lots of shops and provides some employment in Hamad Town itself.
- Kanoo Mosque — Shakh Hamad road, between 2nd & 3rd roundabout
Bahrain International Airport is located 19.7 km from Hamad Town.
- Population ( 2001 ):166824.
- Density: 1204.16/km²
Major areas close to Hamad Town:
The University of Bahrain has its main campus near Hamad Town (Sukheer).