Hamarøy

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Hamarøy kommune

Hábmera suohkan
View near Tømmernes in Hamarøy
View near Tømmernes in Hamarøy
Coat of arms of Hamarøy kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Hamarøy kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Hamarøy within Nordland
Hamarøy within Nordland
Coordinates: 68°04′33″N 15°46′56″E / 68.07583°N 15.78222°E / 68.07583; 15.78222Coordinates: 68°04′33″N 15°46′56″E / 68.07583°N 15.78222°E / 68.07583; 15.78222
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictSalten
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreOppeid
Government
 • Mayor (2015)Jan-Folke Sandnes[1] (Conservative Party)
Area
 • Total1,033.60 km2 (399.08 sq mi)
 • Land924.73 km2 (357.04 sq mi)
 • Water108.87 km2 (42.03 sq mi)  10.5%
Area rank#104 in Norway
Population
(2018)
 • Total1,801
 • Rank#338 in Norway
 • Density1.9/km2 (5/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
2.3%
Demonym(s)Hamarøying
Hamarøyværing[2]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1849
Official language formNeutral
Websitehamaroy.kommune.no

Hamarøy (Norwegian) or Hábmer (Lule Sami)[3] is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Salten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Oppeid. Other villages include Innhavet, Karlsøy, Presteid, Skutvika, Tømmerneset, Tranøy, and Ulvsvåg.

Hamarøy municipality
Troll in Hamarøy

The 1,034-square-kilometre (399 sq mi) municipality is the 104th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Hamarøy is the 338th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 1,801. The municipality's population density is 1.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (4.9/sq mi) and its population has increased by 2.3% over the last decade.[4][5]

General information[edit]

The municipality of Hamarøy was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, the part of Hamarøy located on the south side of the Sagfjorden and west of the Veggfjellan mountain (population: 77) was transferred to neighboring Steigen Municipality. On the same date, the Tysnes and Molvik farms (population: 33) was transferred from Hamarøy to the neighboring Tysfjord Municipality.[6]

In 2017, it was decided that the neighboring Tysfjord Municipality would be divided along the Tysfjorden with the eastern half being merged with the neighboring municipalities of Narvik and Ballangen to form a new, larger Narvik Municipality effective 1 January 2020. The remaining western half will be merged with the municipality of Hamarøy on the same date.[7][8]

Name[edit]

The municipality is named after the former island (now peninsula) Hamarøya (Old Norse: Hamarøy), since the first Hamarøy Church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of Hǫm, the former uncompounded name of the island. The last element is øy which means "island". The former name of the island is probably identical with the word hǫm which means "thigh/leg (of an animal)" because the island (or a part of it) was shaped in the form of an animal's leg. Historically, the municipality name was spelled Hammerø.[9]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms was granted on 19 February 1982. The arms show a white lynx on a blue background. Lynx are common in the area it was chosen for the arms as a symbol for the rich wildlife in the forests of the municipality.[10]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has two parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Hamarøy. It is part of the Ofoten prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Hamarøy
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Hamarøy Hamarøy Church Presteid 1974
Sagfjord Sagfjord Church Karlsøy 1770
Tømmernes Church Tømmerneset 1952

Geography[edit]

Hamarøyskaftet mountain in spring
Map of Steinslandvatnet nature reserve

The municipality of Hamarøy borders the municipalities of Tysfjord to the north, Steigen to the west, Sørfold to the south, the Vestfjorden to the northwest, and the country of Sweden to the southeast. The large island of Finnøya is located between the Sagfjorden and the Kaldvågfjorden.

Lakes in the municipality include Fjerdvatnet, Forsanvatnet, Forsvatnet, Kaldvågvatnet, Kilvatnet, Livsejávrre, Makkvatnet, Reinoksvatnet, Rekvatnet, Rotvatnet, Sandnesvatnet, Skilvatnet, Šluŋkkajávri, and Strindvatnet.

Nature[edit]

Hamarøy is dominated by small fjords, pine, birch, and aspen woodland and forest, and coastal mountains. There are several nature reserves, such as Trollpollen nature reserve dominated by pine and birch[11] located a few kilometers north of Innhavet, Lilandsvatnet wetland area,[12] Steinslandsosen estuary,[13] and Kvannskogen with old aspen trees with rich lichen flora.[14] The mountain Hamarøyskaftet has long been regarded as nature's own phallic symbol (See picture 1 and picture 2).

Climate[edit]

The warmest temperature ever recorded in Nordland county was 33.1 °C (91.6 °F) on 3 July 1972 on the island of Finnøya in Hamarøy. However, in June 2011 this record was surpassed by the municipality of Saltdal with a temperature of 33.8 °C (92.8 °F).

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Hamarøy, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[15] The municipality falls under the Ofoten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Hamarøy is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[16]

Hamarøy Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet4
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet1
 Conservative PartyHøyre4
 Centre PartySenterpartiet3
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre4
Total number of members:17

Transportation[edit]

Skutvika, with ferry connection to Svolvær

While Hamarøy has a low population density, it sees some traffic during the summer months as the main road connection to Svolvær and the Lofoten islands runs through Hamarøy and its administrative centre, Oppeid. The ferry ride to Skrova and Svolvær is approximately 2 hours and departs from Skutvika (approximately 15 minutes from Oppeid) at regular intervals. In 2008, the ferry schedule was considerably reduced due to the new Lofoten Mainland Connection road. The European route E06 highway runs north and south through the municipality on its way to Narvik. Bus service by Stoklands Bilruter is available between certain villages in Hamarøy.

Economy[edit]

The municipal administration and other public services are located in Oppeid. There is a hotel in the municipality, as well as the scenic Tranøy Lighthouse which can be rented.[17]

Skutvik is a small residential and marina area concentrated around the ferry dock. In the high season the number of cars and motor homes in line for the ferry can be significant. There are a few sights to see in Skutvik, as well as a small bar/cafe and a Statoil gas station.

Knut Hamsun[edit]

Knut Hamsun Centre

The writer Knut Hamsun, winner of the 1920 Nobel Prize in Literature, grew up in Hamarøy. The Knut Hamsun Centre, a museum and educational center dedicated to Knut Hamsun's life and work, finished building in 2009 and opened for the public in June 2010. Knut Hamsun's childhood home is also open for visitors in summer. The Hamsun literature festival was founded in 1982 and takes place in Hamarøy during the first week of August every second year.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Han blir ny ordfører i Hamarøy". Fremover (in Norwegian). 2015-10-14. Retrieved 2015-10-14.
  2. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  3. ^ "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Kartverket. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  6. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  7. ^ Karlsen, Tone Anita (2017-08-22). "Ny Narvik tar form". Harstad Tidende (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-10.
  8. ^ "Intensjonsavtale Hamarøy og Tysfjord" (in Norwegian). Tysfjord kommune. 2016-12-13. Retrieved 2017-09-10.
  9. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 263.
  10. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-01-19.
  11. ^ "Trollpollen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  12. ^ "Lilandsvatnet naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  13. ^ "Steinslandsosen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  14. ^ "Kvannskogen naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2012-04-16. Retrieved 2008-11-23.
  15. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
  16. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  17. ^ "Tranøy fyr". Archived from the original on 2009-02-06. Retrieved 2008-11-23.

External links[edit]