Hambidge Wilderness Protection Area

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Hambidge Wilderness Protection Area
South Australia
IUCN category Ib (wilderness area)
Hambidge Wilderness Protection Area is located in South Australia
Hambidge Wilderness Protection Area
Hambidge Wilderness Protection Area
Nearest town or city Lock
Coordinates 33°24′21.5″S 135°55′23.2″E / 33.405972°S 135.923111°E / -33.405972; 135.923111Coordinates: 33°24′21.5″S 135°55′23.2″E / 33.405972°S 135.923111°E / -33.405972; 135.923111
Established 30 September 2004 (2004-09-30)[1]
Area 37.908 km2 (14.6 sq mi)[2]
Managing authorities Department of Environment and Water
Footnotes Coordinates[3]
See also Protected areas of South Australia

Hambidge Wilderness Protection Area is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia located in the gazetted locality of Hambidge about 140 kilometres (87 miles) north of Port Lincoln and 15 kilometres (9.3 miles) north east of Lock.[4][1]

The wilderness protection area was proclaimed under the Wilderness Protection Act 1992 on 30 September 2004 on land previously proclaimed under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 as the Hambidge Conservation Park. It is classified as an IUCN Category Ib protected area.[1][5][3][6]

It was, with Hincks Wilderness Protection Area, among the first reserves on mainland South Australia, being declared Flora and Fauna Reserves in 1941. Pressure from primary producers resulted in the selling of substantial areas: 5,260 hectares (13,000 acres) from Hambidge in 1954–1955 and 9,168 hectares (22,650 acres) from Hincks in 1960. Pressure for further excisions was resisted by Government.[7]

The following qualities have been identified by the government agency managing the wilderness protection area:[1]

This area comprises an extensive system of parallel dunes with ridges (6 to 12 metres in height) running north west to south east. Clay pans are scattered throughout the inter-dunal area. Vegetation comprises a low mallee scrub association dominated by Eucalyptus dumosa, E socialis, E oleosa, E incrassata, E calycogona, Melaleuca uncinata, M lanceolata with an understory comprising Santalum acuminatum, Triodia, Hibbertia, Baeckia, Boronia and Dodonaea species. The area is home to a wide variety of mallee birds, including the endangered malleefowl, and vulnerable species such as blue-breasted wren, blue-winged parrot, chestnut quail-thrush, yellow-plumed honeyeater and yellow-tailed pardalote. Visitors occasionally enter the reserve to visit Prominent Hill.

Its name is derived from the Hambidge Conservation Park, then the Hambidge National Park and ultimately from the cadastal unit of the Hundred of Hambidge which was named after Clive M. Hambidge who was the Surveyor General of South Australia from 1937 to 1950.[5][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Wilderness Advisory Committee Annual Report 2012-13" (PDF). September 2013: 15–16. ISSN 1832-9357. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Protected Areas Information System - reserve list (as of 25 November 2014)" (PDF). Department of Environment Water and Natural Resources. Retrieved 8 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Terrestrial Protected Areas of South Australia (see 'DETAIL' tab)". CAPAD 2012. Australian Government - Department of the Environment. 2012. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  4. ^ "Search result for "Hambidge" (Record no. SA0037476) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities" and " Place names (gazetteer)"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Search result for "Hambidge Wilderness Protection Area" (Record no. SA0031860) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Hundreds" and " Place names (gazetteer)"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  6. ^ "Mallee Parks of the Central Eyre Peninsula Management Plan" (PDF). Department of Environment and Heritage. 2007. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 11 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "History of Agriculture in South Australia". Government of South Australia. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  8. ^ "Search result for "Hambidge National Park" (Record no. SA0029054) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Hundreds" and " Place names (gazetteer)"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 22 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "Search result for "Hundred of Hambidge" (Record no. SA0029058) with the following layers selected - "Suburbs and Localities", "Hundreds" and " Place names (gazetteer)"". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. Retrieved 22 August 2016.