Hamburg, New York

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Hamburg, New York
Town
Town of Hamburg
Skyline of Hamburg, New York
Motto: The Town That Friendship Built
Location of Hamburg in Erie County and New York
Location of Hamburg in Erie County and New York
Hamburg, New York is located in USA
Hamburg, New York
Hamburg, New York
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°44′28″N 78°58′25″W / 42.74111°N 78.97361°W / 42.74111; -78.97361Coordinates: 42°44′28″N 78°58′25″W / 42.74111°N 78.97361°W / 42.74111; -78.97361
Country United States
State New York
County Erie
Incorporated 1812
Government
 • Type Town board
 • Body Hamburg Town Board
 • Town Supervisor Steven Walters (Republican)
Area
 • Total 41.3 sq mi (107 km2)
 • Land 41.3 sq mi (107 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 732 ft (223 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 56,936
 • Density 1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Demonym Hamburger[citation needed]
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EST (UTC-4)
ZIP code 14075
Area code 716
FIPS code 36-29500
GNIS feature ID 0952086
Website townofhamburgny.com

Hamburg is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 56,936. It is named after the city of Hamburg, in Germany.[1] The town is on the western border of the county and is south of Buffalo, New York. Hamburg is one of the Southtowns in Erie County. A village called Hamburg and a village called Blasdell are in the town.

History[edit]

Vintage image of Woodlawn Beach in 1896

Historical evidence shows that the area was settled originally by the Erie Indians.[2] Around 1805 the settlement was known as Barkerville, named after Zenas Barker, the postmaster. On the site of this building today is the Dock at the Bay. The first landowner in the area was John Cummings, who built the first grist mill in 1806.

The Town of Hamburg was formed by government decree on March 20, 1812, from the (now defunct) Town of Willink. The first town meeting took place on April 7, 1812, at Jacob Wright's Tavern at Wright's Corners, which was renamed to Abbott's Corners, and now Armor. One of the early noted activities of the Town Board in that same year was to place a $5 bounty on wolf hides, due to the complaints of the local settlers who were being bothered by them.

In 1815, mail routes were established. The earliest settlers in the area were from New England. Germans started arriving in the 1830s and set up many successful farms. On November 29, 1824, a meeting was held in Abbott's Corners, at the home of early settler Seth Abbott. At a vote of those present, agreement was reached to form a library with the sum of $102.[3]

By 1850, the town was reduced by the formation of the Towns of Orchard Park and West Seneca. Around 1852, the Erie Railroad was built through the area. In 1868 the Erie County Fair came to the town and has been located there since then. In 1875 the weekly publication of the Erie County Independent began. This is now known as The Sun. Telephone service in the area started in 1886.

Eighteen Mile Creek in Hamburg

The Village of Hamburg set itself off from the town in 1874 by incorporating as a village. In 1897, a group of women known as the Nineteenth Century Club started a permanent free public library, known as the Hamburg Free Library. Until 1901 it was located in various rented buildings.

Starting in 1890 and to support the growing regional steel industry, Polish and Italians began to arrive in the area.[4]

In 1898, the community of Blasdell set itself apart from the town by incorporating as a village.

The Hamburg Free Library was moved into a Carnegie library on Center Street on November 8, 1915, where it remained until 1966 when the current library at 102 Buffalo Street was opened.

A trolley car system was established in the early 1900s.

The Kleis Site was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.[5]

In 2003, Joseph Haptas, a spokesman from the animal rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) approached then-Town Supervisor Patrick Hoak and asked him to have the name of Hamburg changed to Veggieburg. Haptas offered the Hamburg School District $15,000 in free veggie burgers as an incentive for the name change. Hoak declined the name change in the wake of fierce public and government opposition and PETA backed down.[6]

In July 2012, Main Street in the Village of Hamburg from Lake Street to Buffalo Street was granted state approval for nomination as a national historic district.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107.0 km²), of which 41.3 square miles (106.9 km²) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km²) (0.05%) is water.

Lake Erie forms the western border of the town, and Eighteen Mile Creek forms the southern boundary.[8]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Sixteen different hamlets are within the town of Hamburg.

Climate[edit]

Hamburg experiences a continental climate, heavily influenced by lake-effect snow from Lake Erie (Köppen Dfb).

Demographics[edit]

Evening view of Buffalo from Bayview Road in Hamburg. Windmills can be seen in the distance.
Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 5,219
1860 2,001 −61.7%
1870 2,934 46.6%
1880 3,231 10.1%
1890 3,802 17.7%
1900 4,673 22.9%
1910 6,059 29.7%
1920 8,656 42.9%
1930 13,058 50.9%
1940 17,190 31.6%
1950 25,067 45.8%
1960 41,288 64.7%
1970 47,644 15.4%
1980 53,270 11.8%
1990 53,735 0.9%
2000 56,259 4.7%
2010 56,936 1.2%
Est. 2012 57,464 0.9%
Historical Population Figures[9][10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 56,259 people, 21,999 households, and 15,157 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,362.7 people per square mile (526.1/km²). There were 22,833 housing units at an average density of 553.1 per square mile (213.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.93% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.

There were 21,999 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $47,888, and the median income for a family was $56,974. Males had a median income of $41,440 versus $27,602 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,943. About 3.2% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Arts and culture[edit]

The Erie County Fair is situated on a 275-acre plot of land near the village of Hamburg. The fair, operated by Strates Shows, runs for twelve days in August and is the third-largest county fair in the United States.[12]

Sports[edit]

The Frontier Central School District is represented by the Frontier Falcons. Frontier High School offers intramural, junior varsity and varsity sports in 19 different sports, while Frontier Middle School offers modfied sports in different sports.[13]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Seaway Trail, a National Scenic Byway, travels through Hamburg on New York Route 5, along the Lake Erie shoreline. The Lake Erie Seaway Trail Center, a seasonal visitors information center with exhibits and public waterfront access, is located in Hamburg.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

Hamburg Town Hall

Hamburg is served by nine volunteer fire departments, including the Armor, Big Tree, Blasdell, Hamburg, Lake Shore, Lakeview, Newton-Abbott, Scranton, and Woodlawn fire companies. Newton-Abbott and Scranton also cover the portion of Interstate 90 that passes through the town.[citation needed]

The Hamburg Water Rescue Unit provides emergency services on Lake Erie, as well as inland creeks and waterways.[citation needed]

Advanced EMS and paramedic services are provided by the Rural/Metro Corporation.[14]

Education[edit]

Hilbert College is in the Town of Hamburg, north of the village of Hamburg. A portion of the south campus of Erie Community College is in the eastern part of the town.

The primary public school district in the town is the Frontier Central School District, consisting of the Frontier Central High School, Frontier Middle School and four elementary schools. The district enrolls over 5,500 students.

Media[edit]

The town's weekly newspaper is the Hamburg Sun.

Infrastructure[edit]

The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90), U.S. Route 62, US 20, and NY Route 5 pass through the town. NY 75 runs through the village of Hamburg, temporarily concurrent with Route 62. U.S. 20A diverges from US 20 north of the village of Hamburg as both routes proceed to the east.

The town is served by five bus lines operated by the Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority (NFTA).[15] A park and ride facility is located between NY 5 and NY 75 near Athol Springs.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 147. 
  2. ^ "Town of Hamburg - History". Archived from the original on May 3, 2004. 
  3. ^ "A History of the Hamburg Public Library". Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. 
  4. ^ History of Hamburg
  5. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  6. ^ "PETA asks Hamburg to rename itself Veggieburg". WKYC. Gannett. April 23, 2003. Retrieved 2015-05-15. 
  7. ^ Hamburg’s Main Street nominated to become national historic district | Scene |News Classifieds Events | thesunnews.net
  8. ^ WNY Outdoors - Eighteen Mile Creek
  9. ^ " Fourteenth census of the United States, 1920, 1910, 1900" Department of Commerce and Labor. (1921), page 532. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  10. ^ " Census of Population: Number of inhabitants, 1950, 1940, 1930" Department of Commerce and Labor. (1952), page 32-13. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Erie County Fair :: About the Fair". Erie County Fair. Retrieved 2015-05-15. 
  13. ^ "Athletics Information / Sport Offerings and Coaches". Frontier Central School District. Retrieved 2015-05-15. 
  14. ^ "Rural/Metro - Western New York - Buffalo - About Us". Rural/Metro East. Retrieved 2015-05-15. 
  15. ^ "NFTA Metro, Erie County: Hamburg" (PDF). Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 

External links[edit]