Hamburg, New York
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|Hamburg, New York|
|Town of Hamburg|
|Motto: The Town That Friendship Built|
Location of Hamburg in Erie County and New York
|• Type||Town board|
|• Body||Hamburg Town Board|
|• Town Supervisor||Steven Walters (Republican)|
|• Total||41.3 sq mi (107 km2)|
|• Land||41.3 sq mi (107 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||732 ft (223 m)|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (530/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EST (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0952086|
Hamburg is a town in Erie County, New York, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 56,936. It is named after the city of Hamburg, in Germany. The town is on the western border of the county and is south of Buffalo, New York. Hamburg is one of the Southtowns in Erie County. A village called Hamburg and a village called Blasdell are in the town.
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Historical evidence shows that the area was settled originally by the Erie Indians. Around 1805 the settlement was known as Barkerville, named after Zenas Barker, the postmaster. On the site of this building today is the Dock at the Bay. The first landowner in the area was John Cummings, who built the first grist mill in 1806.
The Town of Hamburg was formed by government decree on March 20, 1812, from the (now defunct) Town of Willink. The first town meeting took place on April 7, 1812, at Jacob Wright's Tavern at Wright's Corners, which was renamed to Abbott's Corners, and now Armor. One of the early noted activities of the Town Board in that same year was to place a $5 bounty on wolf hides, due to the complaints of the local settlers who were being bothered by them.
In 1815, mail routes were established. The earliest settlers in the area were from New England. Germans started arriving in the 1830s and set up many successful farms. On November 29, 1824, a meeting was held in Abbott's Corners, at the home of early settler Seth Abbott. At a vote of those present, agreement was reached to form a library with the sum of $102.
By 1850, the town was reduced by the formation of the Towns of Orchard Park and West Seneca. Around 1852, the Erie Railroad was built through the area. In 1868 the Erie County Fair came to the town and has been located there since then. In 1875 the weekly publication of the Erie County Independent began. This is now known as The Sun. Telephone service in the area started in 1886.
The Village of Hamburg set itself off from the town in 1874 by incorporating as a village.
Starting in 1890 and to support the growing regional steel industry, Polish and Italians began to arrive in the area.
In 1897, a group of women known as the Nineteenth Century Club started a permanent free public library, known as the Hamburg Free Library. Until 1901 it was located in various rented buildings. The Hamburg Free Library was moved into a Carnegie library on Center Street on November 8, 1915, where it remained until 1966 when the current library at 102 Buffalo Street was opened.
In 1898, the community of Blasdell set itself apart from the town by incorporating as a village.
A trolley car system was established in the early 1900s.
In 2003, Joe Haptas, a spokesman for the animal rights group People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) sent a letter to then-Town Supervisor Patrick Hoak and asked that the name of Hamburg be changed to Veggieburg. PETA offered the Hamburg School District $15,000 worth of free veggie burgers as an incentive for the name change. Hoak declined the name change.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 41.3 square miles (107.0 km²), of which 41.3 square miles (106.9 km²) is land and 0.04 square mile (0.1 km²) (0.05%) is water.
Sixteen different hamlets are within the town of Hamburg.
|Historical Population Figures|
As of the census of 2000, there were 56,259 people, 21,999 households, and 15,157 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,362.7 people per square mile (526.1/km²). There were 22,833 housing units at an average density of 553.1 per square mile (213.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.93% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.
There were 21,999 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the town the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,888, and the median income for a family was $56,974. Males had a median income of $41,440 versus $27,602 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,943. About 3.2% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
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Arts and culture
The Erie County Fair is situated on a 275-acre plot of land near the village of Hamburg. The fair, operated by Strates Shows, runs for twelve days in August and is the third-largest county fair in the United States.
Parks and recreation
The Seaway Trail, a National Scenic Byway, travels through Hamburg on New York Route 5, along the Lake Erie shoreline. The Lake Erie Seaway Trail Center, a seasonal visitors information center with exhibits and public waterfront access, is located in Hamburg.
Woodlawn Beach State Park, located on the shore of Lake Erie, was opened as a state park in 1996, and has been operated since 2011 by the town of Hamburg under a ten-year agreement with New York State.
Hamburg is served by nine volunteer fire departments, including the Armor, Big Tree, Blasdell, Hamburg, Lake Shore, Lakeview, Newton-Abbott, Scranton, and Woodlawn fire companies. Newton-Abbott and Scranton also cover the portion of Interstate 90 that passes through the town.
The Hamburg Water Rescue Unit provides emergency services on Lake Erie, as well as inland creeks and waterways.
The primary public school district in the town is the Frontier Central School District, consisting of the Frontier Central High School, Frontier Middle School and four elementary schools. The district enrolls over 5,500 students.
The town's weekly newspaper is the Hamburg Sun.
The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90), U.S. Route 62, US 20, and NY Route 5 pass through the town. NY 75 runs through the village of Hamburg, temporarily concurrent with Route 62. U.S. 20A diverges from US 20 north of the village of Hamburg as both routes proceed to the east.
- George Abbott, playwright.
- Lucius Allen, former Wisconsin State Assembly member
- Eugene Asa Carr, U.S. Civil War general and Medal of Honor recipient.
- Thomas L. Bunting, former US Congressman
- Peter Case, singer/songwriter, founding member of the Nerves and the Plimsouls, and noted musicologist.
- Clyde Brion Davis, author and journalist
- Manly Fleischmann, Defense Production Administrator for the Korean War, chairman of The Fleischmann Commission
- Katharine Houghton Hepburn, feminist social reformer.
- Kathy Hochul, Lieutenant Governor of New York State
- E. Howard Hunt, Watergate conspirator.
- Patrick Kaleta, NHL Hockey player for the Buffalo Sabres.
- Patrick Kane, NHL Hockey Player for the Chicago Blackhawks.
- Jack Kemp, 1996 Republican Party U.S. vice presidential nominee.
- Jim Kubiak, retired NFL quarterback (born in Athol Springs)
- Daniel N. Lockwood, former US Congressman
- John R. Pillion, former US Congressman
- Jack Quinn, President of Erie Community College, former U.S. Congress Member, former Town of Hamburg Supervisor
- Jack Quinn III, former New York State Assembly Member
- Frank Resetarits, lacrosse player
- Stephen J. Roberts, notable veterinarian, professor, polo player and coach
- Erik Schlopy, former Olympic ski racer
- Bob Schmidt, former pro football player
- Jake Schum, NFL punter
- Kevin Smardz, former New York State Assemblyman
- Tom Telesco, General Manager of the San Diego Chargers
- Tom Toles, editorial cartoonist.
- Susan Walsh, former competitive swimmer
- Steven Walters, Town Supervisor of Hamburg
- Dave Wohlabaugh, retired NFL center
- John Wrench, notable mathematician
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 147.
- "Town of Hamburg - History". Archived from the original on May 3, 2004.
- "A History of the Hamburg Public Library". Archived from the original on February 6, 2012.
- History of Hamburg
- Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Hamburg Urged to Change Name to Veggieburg". WorldNetDaily. 2003-04-23. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
A leading animal-rights group has offered the town of Hamburg, N.Y., $15,000 in veggie burgers if it officially changes its name to 'Veggieburg.'
- Colmerauer, Catherine (July 19, 2012). "Hamburg's Main Street nominated to become national historic district". The Sun. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- WNY Outdoors - Eighteen Mile Creek
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- " Fourteenth census of the United States, 1920, 1910, 1900" Department of Commerce and Labor. (1921), page 532. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
- " Census of Population: Number of inhabitants, 1950, 1940, 1930" Department of Commerce and Labor. (1952), page 32-13. Retrieved 2013-02-23.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Erie County Fair :: About the Fair". Erie County Fair. Retrieved 2015-05-15.
- "Governor Pataki Announces State Purchase of Woodlawn Beach". State.ny.us. May 8, 1996. Archived from the original on December 18, 2004. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- O’Brien, Barbara (May 28, 2012). "Sun, sand and ‘success’". The Buffalo News. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "Rural/Metro - Western New York - Buffalo - About Us". Rural/Metro East. Retrieved 2015-05-15.
- "NFTA Metro, Erie County: Hamburg" (PDF). Niagara Frontier Transportation Authority. Retrieved 15 May 2015.