Hamburg Airport

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Hamburg Airport

Flughafen Hamburg
Hamburg Airport Logo.svg
Hamburg Airport, Flughafen Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel (HAM) - panoramio.jpg
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
OperatorFlughafen Hamburg GmbH
ServesHamburg, Germany
Hub forEurowings
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
HAM is located in Hamburg
Location of Hamburg Airport
HAM is located in Germany
HAM (Germany)
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2018)
Passenger change 17–18Decrease2.2%
Aircraft movements156,388
Movements change 17–18Decrease2.1%
Sources: Airport's website[1]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAM, ICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is a major international airport in Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. Since November 2016 the official name has become Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt, after the former German chancellor Helmut Schmidt. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city centre in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a hub for Eurowings and focus cities for Condor, Ryanair, and TUI fly Deutschland.

Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 17,231,687 passengers and 156,388 aircraft movements in 2018.[3] It is named after former senator of Hamburg and chancellor of Germany, Helmut Schmidt.[4] As of July 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 mostly European metropolitan and leisure destinations[5] as well as three long-haul routes to Dubai, Tabriz and Tehran. The airport is equipped to handle wide-bodied aircraft including the Airbus A380.[6]

Hamburg's other airport, Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, is not open to commercial traffic. This is where the Airbus factory site is located.


Early years[edit]

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world to still be in operation and the second oldest airport in the country after Tempelhof Airport. The original site comprised 45 hectares, and during its early days was primarily used for airship flights. In 1913 the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[7]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the German military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[7]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[7]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[7]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor near Kaltenkirchen. Among the reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston-engined aircraft. The plans were dropped, owing to bad experiences in other cities where airports had been moved far from city centres, and to Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[7]

Development since the 1990s[edit]

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernisation process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[7] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the city's rapid transit system (Hamburg S-Bahn).[7]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced it was leaving Hamburg Airport entirely due to increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes would not resume, all remaining destinations were cancelled by March 2016.[8] A few weeks later, it was officially announced that the airport was to be named after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany.[4] On 10 November 2016, the airport was renamed Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.[9]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced the closure of its maintenance facilities at the airport, due to cost-cutting and restructuring measures.[10]

In June 2017, easyjet announced it would close its base at Hamburg by March 2018 as part of a refocus on other base airports. While over half of the former services were cut, several routes remained in place as they are served from other easyJet bases. In October 2018, United Airlines announced the end of its seasonal service to Newark, leaving the airport with only three long-haul routes, all to the Middle East and no direct services to North America.[11]


Aerial overview of the airport and its surrounding area

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions; the passenger terminals provide 17 jet bridges. As of July 2016, the airport had only three routes served with Wide-body aircraft; however, during that year three gates were upgraded with double-jet bridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes like the Airbus A380.[12] The runways, taxiways and aprons can accommodate large aircraft, including the Airbus A380. Emirates plans to replace one Boeing 777 with A380 aircraft on the route.[12] On 28 May 2018, Emirates announced it would commence services from Dubai International Airport to Hamburg with the A380.[13]


Main hall of Terminal 2

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg and Partners. Both terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 (despite its name, the older facility) was completed in 1993. It houses Eurowings and Lufthansa with its Star Alliance partners, amongst others.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[14]

Aegean Airlines Athens
Seasonal charter: Heraklion
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air France Hop Nantes[15]
Albawings Tirana[16]
Alitalia Milan−Linate[17]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
Condor[18][19] Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Kalamata, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Rhodes, Zakynthos
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Izmir[20]
Corendon Airlines Europe Seasonal: Heraklion,[21] Fuerteventura (begins 9 November 2020),[20] Rhodes (begins 3 October 2021)[20]
Czech Airlines Gothenburg, Prague
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Geneva, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Venice
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Nice, Salzburg
Emirates Dubai–International
Eurowings[22] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bodrum,[23] Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Gothenburg,[24] Lanzarote, Larnaca,[25] London–Heathrow, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nice, Nuremberg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Thessaloniki, Valencia,[24] Venice, Vienna, Zurich
Seasonal: Adana,[26] Antalya,[23] Bari, Bastia, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Faro, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Málaga,[24] Marrakesh (begins 31 October 2020),[27] Marsa Alam, Monastir,[26] Naples, Olbia, Prague,[28] Reykjavik–Keflavík, Rhodes, Rijeka, Split, Tenerife–South, Tunis,[29] Zadar, Zagreb
Finnair Helsinki
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam,[30] Sharm El Sheikh[31]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Holiday Europe Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[32] Marsa Alam,[32] Sharm El Sheikh[32]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavik–Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante,[33] Copenhagen,[34] Gran Canaria, Málaga, Oslo–Gardermoen, Tenerife–South
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir[35]
Seasonal: Antalya
Qeshm Air Tabriz,[36] Tehran–Imam Khomeini[37]
Rhein-Neckar Air Mannheim
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Gdańsk, London–Stansted, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Sofia
Seasonal: Edinburgh, Porto, Thessaloniki, Valencia
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen[38]
SunExpress[39] Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Adana
Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Bodrum[40]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Funchal, Heraklion, Kos, Málaga,[41] Menorca, Rhodes
Tunisair Monastir[42]
Seasonal: Djerba
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Gaziantep,[43] Izmir, Kayseri,[43] Samsun[43]
Vueling Barcelona
Widerøe Bergen[44]
Wizz Air Belgrade (begins 17 July 2020),[45] Bucharest (begins 9 August 2020),[46] Chișinău (begins 16 July 2020),[47] Gdańsk, Kiev–Zhuliany, Lviv ,[48] Skopje, Tirana (begins 24 July 2020),[47] Varna


Passengers and movements[edit]

Hamburg Airport in 1968
Facilities of Lufthansa Technik at Hamburg Airport with the Heinrich-Hertz-Turm in the far distance
View of the apron
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 Decrease 9,490,432 Decrease 158,569 Decrease 43,076
2002 Decrease 8,946,505 Decrease 150,271 Decrease 40,871
2003 Increase 9,529,924 Decrease 149,362 Decrease 36,018
2004 Increase 9,893,700 Increase 151,434 Increase 37,080
2005 Increase 10,676,016 Increase 156,180 Decrease 32,677
2006 Increase 11,954,117 Increase 168,395 Increase 38,211
2007 Increase 12,780,631 Increase 173,516 Increase 44,204
2008 Increase 12,838,350 Decrease 172,067 Decrease 37,266
2009 Decrease 12,229,319 Decrease 157,487 Decrease 31,595
2010 Increase 12,962,429 Decrease 157,180 Decrease 27,330
2011 Increase 13,558,261 Increase 158,076 Increase 27,588
2012 Increase 13,697,402 Decrease 152,890 Increase 28,174
2013 Decrease 13,502,553 Decrease 143,802 Increase 28,302
2014 Increase 14,760,280 Increase 153,879 Increase 28,948
2015 Increase 15,610,072 Increase 158,398 Increase 31,294
2016 Increase 16,223,968 Increase 160,904 Increase 35,284
2017 Increase 17,622,997 Decrease 159,780 Increase 36,863
2018 Decrease 17,231,687 Decrease 156,388 Decrease 33,473
2019 Increase 17,308,773 Increase - Increase -
Sources: ADV,[49] Hamburg Airport[50]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2017)[51]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Bavaria Munich 1,738,973 Eurowings, Lufthansa
2 Hesse Frankfurt 1,394,973 Lufthansa
3 Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart 690,451 Eurowings
4 North Rhine-Westphalia Düsseldorf 607,141 Eurowings
5 North Rhine-Westphalia Cologne/Bonn 486,034 Eurowings
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2017)[51]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Spain Palma de Mallorca 982,336 Condor Flugdienst, Eurowings, Ryanair, TUI fly Deutschland
2 Switzerland Zurich 707,970 Eurowings, Swiss International Air Lines
3 Austria Vienna 590,638 Austrian Airlines, Eurowings
4 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 580,721 British Airways, Eurowings
5 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 483,763 Air France, Eurowings
Busiest intercontinental routes from Hamburg (excl. European part of Turkey) (2017)[51]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating Airlines
1 United Arab Emirates Dubai-International 430,290 Emirates
2 Turkey Antalya 295,178 Condor Flugdienst, Corendon Airlines, Freebird Airlines, SunExpress, Tailwind Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3 Turkey Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 114,079 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
4 Egypt Hurghada 76,928 Condor Flugdienst, FlyEgypt
5 Turkey Izmir 60,804 SunExpress, Turkish Airlines

Ground transportation[edit]


Hamburg Airport station

The airport is around 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. S-Bahn service S1, operated by Deutsche Bahn operates every ten minutes between the airport, Ohlsdorf, Wandsbek, Hamburg central station, Altona, Blankenese and Wedel. It is part of the HVV fare organisation offering tickets for all modes of public transportation in Hamburg. Going towards the airport, S1 trains split at Ohlsdorf station, with one portion going to the airport and the other going to Poppenbüttel.


By road, the airport can be reached from Federal Motorway A7 using the state motorway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.


The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster.


  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for the world's largest miniature airport, named Knuffingen Airport, part of Miniatur Wunderland.[52]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements".
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic".
  3. ^ (in English) Traffic Figures – Official website
  4. ^ a b - Flughafen "Helmut Schmidt" beschlossene Sache (German) 21 January 2016
  5. ^ - "The news in Hamburg Airport's summer schedule" (German) 17 March 2017
  6. ^ - A380 kann kommen: Fluggastbrücken stehen in Hamburg bereit (German) 12 October 2018
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Our history". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  8. ^ - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  9. ^ - "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt from 10 November" (German) 1 September 2016
  10. ^ - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  11. ^ - United Airlines removes Hamburg service in S19 16 October 2018
  12. ^ a b - "Fuhlsbüttel gets ready for the superjet A380" (German) 24 June 2016
  13. ^ "Emirates announces start of scheduled A380 service into Hamburg".
  14. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  15. ^ "Neue Routen ab Herbst: Dreimal Deutschland mit Hop!".
  16. ^ Liu, Jim (15 January 2020). "Albawings expands German network in S20".
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Timetable".
  19. ^ - Flugplan Sommer 2020 (German) retrieved 8 June 2020
  20. ^ a b c "Corendon Airlines".
  21. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - News and Events". Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  22. ^ - Route network Archived 21 October 2018 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 16 September 2018
  23. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Eurowings files additional short-haul routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  24. ^ a b c Liu, Jim. "Eurowings S20 Short-Haul network additions as of 18OCT19". Routesonline. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
  25. ^
  26. ^ a b
  27. ^ Liu, Jim. "Eurowings W20 network additions". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  28. ^ "Eurowings steuert im Sommer acht neue Ziele ab Hamburg an". Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  29. ^ Tunis
  30. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden" (PDF).
  31. ^ "Data" (PDF).
  32. ^ a b c "Flight".
  33. ^
  34. ^ Liu, Jim (26 November 2019). "Norwegian S20 Short-Haul network additions". Routesonline. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  35. ^ "Pegasus adds Hamburg / Rotterdam service in W18". Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  36. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Qeshm Airlines startet neue Strecke von Hamburg nach Tabriz".
  37. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg und Qeshm Air profitieren von Iran-Öffnung". 15 July 2017.
  38. ^ "SAS verbindet Hamburg mit Bergen".
  39. ^ - Flight schedules retrieved 26 June 2020
  40. ^ "Data" (PDF).
  41. ^ Liu, Jim (1 November 2019). "TUIfly S20 network additions as of 31OCT19". Routesonline.
  42. ^ "Tunisair bietet Monastir-Routen wieder an".
  43. ^ a b c Liu, Jim (1 June 2020). "Turkish Airlines S20 European network addition as of 29MAY20". Routesonline.
  44. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Widerøe verbindet Hamburg neu mit Bergen".
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^ a b Liu, Jim. "Wizz Air S20 new routes addition as of 09JUN20". Routesonline. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  48. ^
  49. ^ Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV – Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  50. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  51. ^ a b c Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen 2017, Statistisches Bundesamt
  52. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage