Hamburg Airport

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Hamburg Airport

Flughafen Hamburg
Hamburg Airport Logo.svg
Flughafen Hamburg (HAM) - panoramio.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
OperatorFlughafen Hamburg GmbH
ServesHamburg, Germany
Hub forEurowings
Focus city for
Built1911
Elevation AMSL53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Websiteairport.de
Map
HAM is located in Hamburg
HAM
HAM
Location of Hamburg Airport
HAM is located in Germany
HAM
HAM
HAM (Germany)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Passengers17,622,997
Passenger change 16–17Increase8.6%
Aircraft movements159,780
Movements change 16–17Decrease0.5%
Sources: Airport's website[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAM, ICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Eurowings, Condor and easyJet.[3] Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 17,622,997 passengers and 159,780 aircraft movements in 2017.[4] It is named after former senator of Hamburg and chancellor of Germany, Helmut Schmidt.[5] As of July 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 mostly European metropolitan and leisure destinations[6] as well as three are long-haul routes to Dubai, Tabriz and Tehran. The airport is equipped to handle wide-bodied aircraft including the Airbus A380.[7]

This airport is one of two airports in Hamburg. This airport is used for commercial flights, but Hamburg has a a second airport that is used for assembling jets of the Airbus A320 family, called Finkenwerder.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world that still operates today. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[8]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the German military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[8]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[8]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[8]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[8]

Development since the 1990s[edit]

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[8] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[8]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced it was leaving Hamburg Airport entirely due to increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016.[9] A few weeks later, it has been officially announced to christen the airport after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany.[5] Since 10 November 2016, the airport is named Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.[10]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced the closure of its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[11]

In June 2017, easyjet announced it would close its base at Hamburg by March 2018 as part of a refocus on other base airports. While over half of the former services were cut, several routes remained in place as they are served from other easyJet bases. In October 2018, United Airlines announced to terminate its currently seasonal and former year-round service to Newark, leaving the airport with only three long-haul routes to the Middle East and without any direct services to North America.[12]

Facilities[edit]

Aerial overview of the airport and its surrounding area

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jetways. As of July 2016 the airport only has three routes served with Wide-body aircraft, however during 2016 three gates were upgraded with double-Jet bridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes like Airbus A380.[13] The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380. Emirates plans to replace one Boeing 777 daily with such aircraft in route.[13] On 28 May 2018, Emirates announced to commence services from Dubai International Airport to Hamburg with the A380.[14]

Terminals[edit]

Main hall of Terminal 2

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, and Partner. Both terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is, despite its name, the older facility and was completed in 1993. It houses Eurowings including Lufthansa together with its Star Alliance partners amongst some others.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[15]

AirlinesDestinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana[16]
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife–South
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta[17]
Air Serbia Seasonal: Belgrade
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Istanbul–Atatürk
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest
British Airways Friedrichshafen (begins 14 January 2019),[18] London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Agadir, Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kalamata (begins 3 May 2019),[18] Kos, La Palma, Malta, Olbia (begins 1 May 2019),[18] Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Zakynthos
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Heraklion (27 April 2019),[18] Izmir (begins 2 June 2019)[19]
Czech Airlines Gothenburg, Prague
easyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Geneva, London–Gatwick, Manchester, Salzburg, Venice
Seasonal: Bordeaux, Naples, Nice
Emirates Dubai–International
Eurowings[20] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Budapest, Catania, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Cologne/Bonn, Klagenfurt (ends 28 March 2019),[20] Lanzarote, London–Heathrow, Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nice, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague (ends 29 March 2019), Pristina, Rome–Fiumicino, Salzburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Thessaloniki, Venice, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Bari, Bastia, Cagliari, Corfu, Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Marsa Alam, Naples, Olbia, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rhodes, Rijeka, Split, Tenerife–South, Zadar
Seasonal charter: Menorca[21]
Finnair Helsinki
Flybe Birmingham[18]
flybmi[22] Bristol
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam,[23] Sharm El Sheikh[24]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Germania Beirut, Funchal, Paphos, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Bodrum, Elazig (begins 19 June 2019),[18] Gazipaşa, La Palma, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Sharm El Sheikh,[25] Varna
Charter: Pristina (begins 31 March 2019)[26]
Seasonal charter: Hurghada,[27] Menorca[21]
HOP! Nantes[28]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavik-Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
KLM Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Laudamotion Palma de Mallorca[18]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken
Nordica Tallinn
Norwegian Air Shuttle Gran Canaria, Málaga, Oslo–Gardermoen, Tenerife–South
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Olympus Airways Seasonal: Fuerteventura,[29] Gran Canaria,[29] Tenerife–South[30]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir[31]
Seasonal: Antalya
Qeshm Air Tabriz,[32] Tehran–Imam Khomeini[33]
Rhein-Neckar Air Mannheim
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Edinburgh, Faro, Gran Canaria, Lamezia Terme, Lisbon, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Seville,[34] Sofia, Thessaloniki, Valencia, Verona
Seasonal: Brussels, Katowice, Kraków (begins 2 April 2019),[35] Sandefjord, Treviso, Zadar (begins 1 April 2019)[36]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Bergen[37]
SunExpress Ankara,[38] Antalya, Izmir, Kayseri[18]
Seasonal: Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Burgas (begins 5 June 2019),[39] Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Bodrum[40]
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Heraklion, Hurghada, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha, Monastir,[41] Tunis[42]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk (ends 31 December 2018), Istanbul–Havalimanı (begins 1 January 2019)
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir
Vueling Barcelona
Widerøe Bergen[43]
Wizz Air Gdańsk, Kiev–Zhuliany, Skopje, Varna (begins 2 July 2019)[44]

Statistics[edit]

Passengers and movements[edit]

Hamburg Airport in 1968
Facilities of Lufthansa Technik at Hamburg Airport with the Heinrich-Hertz-Turm in the far distance
View of the apron
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 Decrease 9,490,432 Decrease 158,569 Decrease 43,076
2002 Decrease 8,946,505 Decrease 150,271 Decrease 40,871
2003 Increase 9,529,924 Decrease 149,362 Decrease 36,018
2004 Increase 9,893,700 Increase 151,434 Increase 37,080
2005 Increase 10,676,016 Increase 156,180 Decrease 32,677
2006 Increase 11,954,117 Increase 168,395 Increase 38,211
2007 Increase 12,780,631 Increase 173,516 Increase 44,204
2008 Increase 12,838,350 Decrease 172,067 Decrease 37,266
2009 Decrease 12,229,319 Decrease 157,487 Decrease 31,595
2010 Increase 12,962,429 Decrease 157,180 Decrease 27,330
2011 Increase 13,558,261 Increase 158,076 Increase 27,588
2012 Increase 13,697,402 Decrease 152,890 Increase 28,174
2013 Decrease 13,502,553 Decrease 143,802 Increase 28,302
2014 Increase 14,760,280 Increase 153,879 Increase 28,948
2015 Increase 15,610,072 Increase 158,398 Increase 31,294
2016 Increase 16,223,968 Increase 160,904 Increase 35,284
2017 Increase 17,622,997 Decrease 159,780 Increase 36,863
Sources: ADV,[45] Hamburg Airport[46]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2017)[47]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Bavaria Munich 1,738,973 Eurowings, Lufthansa
2 Hesse Frankfurt 1,394,973 Lufthansa
3 Baden-Württemberg Stuttgart 690,451 Eurowings
4 North Rhine-Westphalia Düsseldorf 607,141 Eurowings
5 North Rhine-Westphalia Cologne/Bonn 486,034 Eurowings
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2017)[47]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating airlines
1 Spain Palma de Mallorca 982,336 Condor Flugdienst, Eurowings, Ryanair, Small Planet Airlines (Germany), TUI fly Deutschland
2 Switzerland Zürich 707,970 Eurowings, Swiss International Air Lines
3 Austria Vienna 590,638 Austrian Airlines, Eurowings
4 United Kingdom London-Heathrow 580,721 British Airways, Eurowings
5 France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 483,763 Air France, Eurowings
Busiest intercontinental routes from Hamburg (excl. European part of Turkey) (2017)[47]
Rank Destination Passengers Operating Airlines
1 United Arab Emirates Dubai-International 430,290 Emirates
2 Turkey Antalya 295,178 Condor Flugdienst, Corendon Airlines, Freebird Airlines, SunExpress, Tailwind Airlines, Turkish Airlines
3 Turkey Istanbul-Sabiha Gökcen 114,079 Pegasus Airlines, Turkish Airlines
4 Egypt Hurghada 76,928 Condor Flugdienst, FlyEgypt, Small Planet Airlines (Germany)
5 Turkey Izmir 60,804 SunExpress, Turkish Airlines

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

Hamburg Airport station

The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. S-Bahn service S1, operated by Deutsche Bahn operates every ten minutes between the airport, Ohlsdorf, Wandsbek, Hamburg central station, Altona, Blankenese and Wedel. It is part of the HVV fare organisation offering tickets for all modes of public transportation in Hamburg. Going towards the airport, S1 trains split at Ohlsdorf station, with one portion going to the airport and the other going to Poppenbüttel.

Car[edit]

By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.

Bus[edit]

The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster.

Trivia[edit]

  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport, named Knuffingen Airport.[48]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de.
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int.
  3. ^ "Latest news – easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013.
  4. ^ (in English) Traffic Figures – Official website
  5. ^ a b ndr.de - Flughafen "Helmut Schmidt" beschlossene Sache (German) 21 January 2016
  6. ^ - "The news in Hamburg Airport's summer schedule" (German) 17 March 2017
  7. ^ hamburg.de - A380 kann kommen: Fluggastbrücken stehen in Hamburg bereit (German) 12 October 2018
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Our history". Retrieved 20 July 2018.
  9. ^ ch-aviation.com - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  10. ^ aero.de - "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt from 10 November" (German) 1 September 2016
  11. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  12. ^ routesonline.com - United Airlines removes Hamburg service in S19 16 October 2018
  13. ^ a b abendblatt.de - "Fuhlsbüttel gets ready for the superjet A380" (German) 24 June 2016
  14. ^ "Emirates announces start of scheduled A380 service into Hamburg".
  15. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  16. ^ "Adria plans new expansion in S18". routesonline.com. Retrieved 2017-12-01.
  17. ^ "Air Malta kommt nach Hamburg und Leipzig".
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h "Flughafen Hamburg - News and Events". Haminfo-terminal.com. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  19. ^ "Corendon Airlines Hub Izmir". corendonairlines.com. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  20. ^ a b eurowings.com - Route network retrieved 16 September 2018
  21. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  22. ^ "bmi regional rebrands as flybmi – Blue Swan Daily". blueswandaily.com.
  23. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  24. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  25. ^ "Route Map". flygermania.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  26. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/281573/air-prishtina-expands-germany-network-in-s19/
  27. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  28. ^ "Neue Routen ab Herbst: Dreimal Deutschland mit Hop!".
  29. ^ a b "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  30. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  31. ^ "Pegasus adds Hamburg / Rotterdam service in W18". routesonline.com. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  32. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Qeshm Airlines startet neue Strecke von Hamburg nach Tabriz". www.hamburg-airport.de.
  33. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg und Qeshm Air profitieren von Iran-Öffnung". 15 July 2017.
  34. ^ "Neue Ryanair-Strecken ab Berlin, Hamburg und Nürnberg". 8 February 2017.
  35. ^ http://www.airliners.de/ryanair-polen-verbindung-hamburg/46682
  36. ^ "Ryanair Verkündet Sommerflugplan 2019: 24 Neue Strecken In Deutschland". Ryanair. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  37. ^ "SAS verbindet Hamburg mit Bergen".
  38. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Haminfo-terminal.com. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  39. ^ 2018, UBM (UK) Ltd. "SunExpress Germany S19 network additions as of 18OCT18". routesonline.com.
  40. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.hamburg-airport.de.
  41. ^ "Tunisair bietet Monastir-Routen wieder an".
  42. ^ [1][dead link]
  43. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Widerøe verbindet Hamburg neu mit Bergen". www.hamburg-airport.de.
  44. ^ https://wizzair.com/en-gb/information-and-services/about-us/news/2018/12/12/wizz-air-announces-further-expansion-of-its-varna-base#/
  45. ^ Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV – Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  46. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  47. ^ a b c Luftverkehr auf Hauptverkehrsflughäfen 2017, Statistisches Bundesamt
  48. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage