Hamburg Airport

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Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
Hamburg Airport Logo.svg
RK 1009 9838 Lokstedt Flughafen.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
Operator Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Built 1911
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Website airport.de
Map
HAM is located in Hamburg
HAM
HAM
HAM is located in Germany
HAM
HAM
Location of Hamburg Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 16,223,968
Passenger change 15–16 Increase3.9%
Aircraft movements 160,904
Movements change 15–16 Increase1.4%
Sources: Airport's website[1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor and easyJet.[3] Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 16,223,968 passengers and 160,904 aircraft movements in 2016[4] and is named after Helmut Schmidt.[5] As of July 2017, it featured flights to more than 130 destinations[6] of which four are long-haul routes to Dubai, Newark, Tabriz and Tehran.

The airport is not to be confused with the nearby private Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, where the Airbus factory site is located.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[7]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[7]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[7]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[7]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[7]

Development since the 1990s[edit]

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[7] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[7]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced to leave Hamburg Airport entirely due to the increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016.[8] A few weeks later, it has been officially announced to christen the airport after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of West Germany.[5] Since 10 November 2016, the airport is named Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.[9]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[10]

In June 2017, Easyjet announced it would close its base at Hamburg from summer 2018 s part of a refocus on its core hub airports. Routes will not be affected as they will be served from other Easyjet bases. (Reuters).

2017 chemical incident[edit]

Shortly after 12pm local time on 12 February 2017, an "unknown and uncommon" chemical, likely pepper spray according to officials,[11] was circulated around the airport. At least 50 people were injured and were taken to hospital by ambulance. Firefighters completely evacuated the airport and passengers were forced to wait outside the airport in sub-zero temperatures. All flights had been cancelled and thousands of passengers were left stranded.[12]

Shortly after 12pm local time on 13 February 2017, a second incident was reported. The local authorities, are not sure about the official cause of the incident, however they assume that it was linked to residue of the spray from the previous incident.[13]

Facilities[edit]

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jetways. As of July 2016 the airport only has three routes served with widebody aircraft, however during 2016 three stands will be upgraded with double-jetbridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes. These positions will be capable of handling the Airbus A380.[14]

The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380.[14] Currently there is no scheduled A380 routes, however Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery. Therefore, the apron facilities had already been upgraded for the use by A380s before the terminal stands.[14]

Terminals[edit]

Main hall of Terminal 2

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Both Terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is, despite its name, the older facility and was completed in 1993. It houses Eurowings including Germanwings and Lufthansa together with its Star Alliance partners amongst some others.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[15]

Airlines Destinations
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
St Petersburg
airBaltic Riga
Air Berlin Düsseldorf, Munich
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Varna
ASL Airlines France Seasonal: Lyon, Marseille
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Istanbul-Atatürk
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Blue Air Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (ends 28 October 2017)[16]
BMI Regional Bristol
British Airways London-Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya
Czech Airlines Gothenburg, Prague
easyJet Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Geneva, Kraków, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa (ends 28 October 2017),[17] Naples (ends 26 October 2017), Palma de Mallorca, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Venice, Zürich
Seasonal: Alicante, Bordeaux, Catania, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Nice, Olbia, Pisa, Pula, Rhodes, Split, Thessaloniki, Valencia
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse
Emirates Dubai-International
Eurowings Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, La Palma (begins 4 November 2017),[18] London-Heathrow, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Prague, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Bastia, Bologna, Cagliari, Corfu (begins 8 May 2018),[19] Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera (begins 29 October 2017),[20] Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki
Eurowings
operated by Air Berlin
Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden
Seasonal: Innsbruck (begins 2 December 2017)[21]
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Amsterdam, Barcelona, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Klagenfurt, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Stockholm-Arlanda, Venice
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Faro, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kos, Naples, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rijeka, Split, Thessaloniki, Verona, Zadar, Zagreb
Finnair Helsinki
Finnair
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Helsinki
Flybe Birmingham[22]
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada, Marsa Alam[23]
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
Germania Beirut, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Marrakesh, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Almería, Bodrum, Gazipaşa, Fuerteventura, Hurghada, La Palma, Paphos, Rhodes, Santorini, Sharm El Sheikh (begins 3 November 2017),[24] Varna
Seasonal charter: Adana, Antalya, Hurghada, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca
HOP! Nantes (begins 29 October 2017)[25]
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini
KLM Amsterdam
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken
Niki Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck (begins 8 December 2017),[26] Kos, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Nordica
operated by LOT Polish Airlines
Tallinn
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Alicante, Gran Canaria, Madrid, Málaga, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Barcelona
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Qeshm Air Tabriz,[27] Tehran-Imam Khomeini[28]
Rhein-Neckar Air
operated by MHS Aviation
Mannheim
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Dublin, Edinburgh (begins 29 October 2017), Faro, Gran Canaria, Katowice, Lamezia Terme, Lisbon, London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh (begins 30 October 2017), Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Sandefjord (begins 30 October 2017),[29] Seville (begins 30 October 2017),[29] Sofia, Thessaloniki, Treviso, Valencia, Verona
Seasonal: Brussels
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda
SkyWork Airlines Bern
Seasonal: Sion (begins 15 December 2017)[30]
Small Planet Airlines Germany Seasonal charter: Larnaca, Marsa Alam (begins 1 November 2017),[31] Palma de Mallorca, Sharm El Sheikh (begins 4 November 2017)[32]
SunExpress Adana, Ankara,[33] Antalya, Elazig,[33] Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman
SunExpress Deutschland Fuerteventura[33]
Seasonal: Hurghada, Marrakesh, Varna
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TAP Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
TUI fly Deutschland Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Sal (both resume 3 November 2017)[33]
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha, Monastir (begins 4 November 2017),[34] Tunis[35]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark
VIM Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo[36]
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga
Wizz Air Gdańsk, Kiev-Zhuliany, Skopje

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Cologne/Bonn, Paris-Charles de Gaulle

Statistics[edit]

Passengers and movements[edit]

Hamburg Airport in 1968
Facilities of Lufthansa Technik at Hamburg Airport with the Heinrich-Hertz-Turm in the far distance
View of the apron
A B707 Lufthansa stored is used for Fire & Security Exercices
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 Decrease 9,490,432 Decrease 158,569 Decrease 43,076
2002 Decrease 8,946,505 Decrease 150,271 Decrease 40,871
2003 Increase 9,529,924 Decrease 149,362 Decrease 36,018
2004 Increase 9,893,700 Increase 151,434 Increase 37,080
2005 Increase 10,676,016 Increase 156,180 Decrease 32,677
2006 Increase 11,954,117 Increase 168,395 Increase 38,211
2007 Increase 12,780,631 Increase 173,516 Increase 44,204
2008 Increase 12,838,350 Decrease 172,067 Decrease 37,266
2009 Decrease 12,229,319 Decrease 157,487 Decrease 31,595
2010 Increase 12,962,429 Decrease 157,180 Decrease 27,330
2011 Increase 13,558,261 Increase 158,076 Increase 27,588
2012 Increase 13,697,402 Decrease 152,890 Increase 28,174
2013 Decrease 13,502,553 Decrease 143,802 Increase 28,302
2014 Increase 14,760,280 Increase 153,879 Increase 28,948
2015 Increase 15,610,072 Increase 158,398 Increase 31,294
2016 Increase 16,220,000 Increase 160,650 Increase 35,284
Sources: ADV,[37] Hamburg Airport[38]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest non European routes from Hamburg (2016)[39]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Turkey Antalya, Turkey Decrease 339,922
2 United Arab Emirates Dubai, UAE Decrease 126,240
3 Turkey Izmir, Turkey Decrease 53,762
4 United States Newark, USA Increase 48,210
5 Egypt Hurghada, Egypt Decrease 47,026
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2016)[39]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Spain Palma de Mallorca, Spain Increase 839,666
2 United Kingdom London, United Kingdom Increase 749,982
3 Switzerland Zürich, Switzerland Decrease 503,874
4 Austria Vienna, Austria Decrease 466,308
5 France Paris, France Decrease 353,012
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2014)[40]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Germany Munich 1,347,070
2 Germany Frankfurt 733,060
3 Germany Stuttgart 702,884
4 Germany Düsseldorf 452,750
5 Germany Nuremberg 221,544

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

Hamburg Airport station

The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.

Car[edit]

By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.

Bus[edit]

The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster.

Trivia[edit]

  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.[41]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de. 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. 
  3. ^ "Latest news – easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013. 
  4. ^ (in English) Traffic Figures – Official website
  5. ^ a b ndr.de - Flughafen "Helmut Schmidt" beschlossene Sache (German) 21 January 2016
  6. ^ - "The news in Hamburg Airport's summer schedule" (German) 17 March 2017
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  8. ^ ch-aviation.com - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  9. ^ aero.de - "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt from 10 November" (German) 1 September 2016
  10. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  11. ^ "Officials say Hamburg airport scare was likely pepper spray", Associated Press. Fox News. February 12, 2017. Retrieved 13 feb 2017
  12. ^ "Hamburg airport evacuated after toxin affects 50 passengers". The Guardian. 12 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "Neuer Rettungseinsatz am Hamburger Flughafen", NDR. February 13, 2017. Retrieved 20 feb 2017
  14. ^ a b c abendblatt.de - "Fuhlsbüttel gets ready for the superjet A380" (German) 24 June 2016
  15. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ https://www.easyjet.com/en
  18. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/buchen/angebote/fluege-ab/DE/HAM/nach/ES/SPC.html
  19. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274369/eurowings-s18-new-routes-as-of-17aug17/
  20. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/buchen/neue-strecken.html
  21. ^ "Eurowings adds Hamburg – Innsbruck service from Dec 2017". Routesonline. 18 August 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  22. ^ https://haminfo-terminal.com/en/news_and_events.php
  23. ^ http://www.hamburg-airport.de/media/170322_MeinAirport_screen.pdf#page=17&zoom=auto,-18,548
  24. ^ "Book cheap flights". flygermania.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017. 
  25. ^ http://www.flugrevue.de/zivilluftfahrt/airlines/dreimal-deutschland-mit-hop/725920
  26. ^ http://www.airliners.de/niki-innsbruck-verbindungen/41245
  27. ^ http://www.hamburg-airport.de/de/9610.php
  28. ^ http://www.aero.de/news-27100/Flughafen-Hamburg-und-Qeshm-Air-profitieren-von-Iran-Oeffnung.html
  29. ^ a b http://www.aero.de/news-26008/Neue-Ryanair-Strecken-ab-Nuernberg.html
  30. ^ flyskywork.com - Booking | Flights retrieved 15 August 2017
  31. ^ https://www.tuifly.com/schedule/presentation/schedulePdfRH.do
  32. ^ https://www.tuifly.com/schedule/presentation/schedulePdfRH.do
  33. ^ a b c d http://www.haminfo-terminal.com/route_news.php
  34. ^ http://www.airliners.de/tunisair-monastir-routen/42051
  35. ^ http://info.flightmapper.net/route/YY_HAM_TUN
  36. ^ https://haminfo-terminal.com/en/news_and_events.php
  37. ^ Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV – Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  38. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  39. ^ a b MARKET SIZE AT HAMBURG AIRPORT JAN 2016 - DEC 2016, Hamburg Airport
  40. ^ MARKET SIZE AT HAMBURG AIRPORT JAN 2014 - DEC 2014, Hamburg Airport
  41. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage