Hamburg Airport

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Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
Hamburg Airport Logo.svg
RK 1009 9838 Lokstedt Flughafen.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
Operator Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Built 1911
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111Coordinates: 53°37′49″N 009°59′28″E / 53.63028°N 9.99111°E / 53.63028; 9.99111
Website airport.de
Map
HAM is located in Hamburg
HAM
HAM
HAM is located in Germany
HAM
HAM
Location of Hamburg Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 16,223,968
Passenger change 15–16 Increase3.9%
Aircraft movements 160,904
Movements change 15–16 Increase1.4%
Sources: Airport's website [1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor and easyJet.[3] Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 16,223,968 passengers and 160,904 aircraft movements in 2016[4] and is named after Helmut Schmidt.[5] As of March 2016, it featured flights to 120 destinations[6] of which three are long-haul routes to Dubai, Newark and Tehran.

The airport is not to be confused with the nearby private Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, where the Airbus factory site is located.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[7]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[7]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[7]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[7]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[7]

Development since the 1990s[edit]

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[7] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[7]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced to leave Hamburg Airport entirely due to the increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016.[8] A few weeks later, it has been officially announced to christen the airport after Helmut Schmidt, a former Senator of Hamburg and chancellor of Germany.[5] Since 10 November 2016, the airport is named Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt.[9]

In October 2016, Air Berlin announced to close its maintenance facilities at the airport due to cost cutting and restructuring measures.[10]

2017 chemical incident[edit]

Shortly after 12pm local time on 12 February 2017, an "unknown and uncommon" chemical, likely pepper spray according to officials,[11] was circulated around the airport. At least 50 people were seriously injured and were taken to hospital by ambulance. Firefighters completely evacuated the airport and passengers were forced to wait outside the airport in sub-zero temperatures. All flights have been cancelled and thousands of passengers have been stranded.[12]

Shortly after 12pm local time on 13 February 2017, a second incident was reported. The local authorities, are not sure about the official cause of the incident, however they assume that it was linked to residue of the spray from the previous incident.[13]

Facilities[edit]

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jetways. As of July 2016 the airport only has three routes served with widebody aircraft, however during 2016 three stands will be upgraded with double-jetbridges to provide faster boarding and de-boarding for large planes. These positions will also be capable to handle the Airbus A380.[14]

The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380.[14] Currently there is no scheduled A380, however Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery. Therefore, the apron facilities had already been upgraded for the use by A380s before the terminal.[14]

Terminals[edit]

Main hall of Terminal 2

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Both Terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is, despite its name, the older facility and was completed in 1993. It houses Eurowings including Germanwings and Lufthansa together with its Star Alliance partners amongst some others.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[15]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens 2
Aer Lingus Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
St Petersburg 1
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura (ends 25 March 2017),[16] Gran Canaria (ends 25 March 2017),[16] Lanzarote (ends 25 March 2017),[16] Málaga (ends 25 March 2017),[16] Munich, Palma de Mallorca (ends 25 March 2017),[16] Stuttgart, Tenerife-South (ends 25 March 2017)[16] 1
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air Malta Malta 1
Air Serbia Belgrade 1
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 1
ASL Airlines France Seasonal: Bordeaux, Lyon, Marseille 1
AtlasGlobal Seasonal: Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal charter: Antalya
1
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2
Blue Air Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca (begins 3 June 2017),[17] Liverpool (begins 26 March 2017)[18] 2
BMI Regional Bristol 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City (ends 26 March 2017)[19] 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna 1
Chalair Aviation Antwerp 1
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, La Palma, Malta (begins 26 April 2017),[20] Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes
1
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 1
Czech Airlines Gothenburg, Prague 1
easyJet Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Kraków, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly (ends 25 March 2017), Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Venice, Zürich
Seasonal: Alicante, Bordeaux (begins 4 June 2017),[21] Catania, Heraklion, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Olbia, Pula, Rhodes (begins 5 June 2017),[21] Split, Thessaloniki, Valencia (begins 28 June 2017)[21]
1
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse 1
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Eurowings Birmingham, Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Klagenfurt, London-Heathrow, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Prague, Salzburg, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Bastia, Bologna (begins 9 April 2017),[22] Cagliari, Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Thessaloniki
2
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Amsterdam, Barcelona, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Geneva, Klagenfurt, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Salzburg, Stockholm-Arlanda, Venice
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Faro, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Kos, Naples, Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rijeka, Split, Thessaloniki, Verona, Zadar, Zagreb
2
Finnair Helsinki 1
Finnair
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Helsinki 1
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada 1
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
Germania Beirut, Funchal, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Marrakesh, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Almería (begins 5 May 2017),[23] Bodrum, Gazipaşa, Hurghada, La Palma, Paphos, Rhodes, Santorini, Varna (begins 24 May 2017)[24]
Seasonal charter: Adana, Antalya, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca
1
Iberia Madrid 1
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík 1
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
KLM Amsterdam 1
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 2
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken 2
Niki Faro, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South (all begin 26 March 2017)[16] 1
Nordica
operated by LOT Polish Airlines
Tallinn (begins 16 May 2017)[24] TBA
Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo-Gardermoen 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle
operated by Norwegian Air International
Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Madrid, Málaga, Tenerife-South 1
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha 1
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Antalya
1
Rhein-Neckar Air
operated by MHS Aviation
Mannheim 2
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Bergamo, Brussels, Dublin, Edinburgh (begins 29 October 2017),[24] Faro (begins 1 May 2017),[25] Gran Canaria, Katowice (begins 27 March 2017),[26] Lamezia Terme (begins 28 March 2017), Lisbon, London-Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Sandefjord (begins 30 October 2017),[27] Seville (begins 30 October 2017),[27] Sofia, Thessaloniki (begins 28 March 2017),[28] Treviso (begins 26 March 2017), Verona (begins 27 March 2017), Valencia (begins 28 March 2017) 2
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 2
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Cimber
Copenhagen 2
SkyWork Airlines Bern 2
Small Planet Airlines Germany Seasonal charter: Larnaca (begins 18 April 2017)[24] 1
SunExpress Adana (begins 6 May 2017),[24] Ankara (begins 4 May 2017),[24] Antalya, Elazig (begins 16 June 2017),[24] Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman
1
SunExpress Deutschland Fuerteventura (begins 5 May 2017),[24] Bodrum
Seasonal: Hurghada, Marrakesh, Varna
1
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt 2
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
TAROM Bucharest 1
TUIfly Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tenerife-South (all resume 26 March 2017)[29]
Seasonal: Boa Vista, Sal (both resume 3 November 2017)[24]
1
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha 2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir
1
United Airlines Seasonal: Newark 1
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga 1
Wizz Air Gdańsk, Kiev-Zhulyany, Skopje 2

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Paris-Charles de Gaulle
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Cologne/Bonn

Statistics[edit]

Passengers and movements[edit]

Hamburg Airport in 1968
Facilities of Lufthansa Technik at Hamburg Airport with the Heinrich-Hertz-Turm in the far distance
View of the apron
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 Decrease 9,490,432 Decrease 158,569 Decrease 43,076
2002 Decrease 8,946,505 Decrease 150,271 Decrease 40,871
2003 Increase 9,529,924 Decrease 149,362 Decrease 36,018
2004 Increase 9,893,700 Increase 151,434 Increase 37,080
2005 Increase 10,676,016 Increase 156,180 Decrease 32,677
2006 Increase 11,954,117 Increase 168,395 Increase 38,211
2007 Increase 12,780,631 Increase 173,516 Increase 44,204
2008 Increase 12,838,350 Decrease 172,067 Decrease 37,266
2009 Decrease 12,229,319 Decrease 157,487 Decrease 31,595
2010 Increase 12,962,429 Decrease 157,180 Decrease 27,330
2011 Increase 13,558,261 Increase 158,076 Increase 27,588
2012 Increase 13,697,402 Decrease 152,890 Increase 28,174
2013 Decrease 13,502,553 Decrease 143,802 Increase 28,302
2014 Increase 14,760,280 Increase 153,879 Increase 28,948
2015 Increase 15,610,072 Increase 158,398 Increase 31,294
2016 Increase 16,220,000 Increase 160,650
Sources: ADV,[30] Hamburg Airport[31]

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest non European routes from Hamburg (2015)[32]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Turkey Antalya, Turkey 475,806
2 United Arab Emirates Dubai, UAE 129,624
3 Egypt Hurghada, Egypt 96,150
4 Turkey Izmir, Turkey 65,530
5 United States Newark, USA 44,840
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2015)[32]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 United Kingdom London, United Kingdom 706,844
2 Spain Palma de Mallorca, Spain 694,302
3 Switzerland Zürich, Switzerland 528,726
4 Austria Vienna, Austria 479,062
5 France Paris, France 354,010
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2014)[33]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Germany Munich 1,347,070
2 Germany Frankfurt 733,060
3 Germany Stuttgart 702,884
4 Germany Düsseldorf 452,750
5 Germany Nuremberg 221,544

Ground transportation[edit]

Train[edit]

Hamburg Airport station

The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.

Car[edit]

By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.

Bus[edit]

The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster.

Trivia[edit]

  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de. 
  2. ^ a b "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int. 
  3. ^ "Latest news – easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013. 
  4. ^ (English) Traffic Figures – Official website
  5. ^ a b ndr.de - Flughafen "Helmut Schmidt" beschlossene Sache (German) 21 January 2016
  6. ^ - "The news in Hamburg Airport's summer schedule" (German) 28 March 2016
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  8. ^ ch-aviation.com - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  9. ^ aero.de - "Hamburg Airport Helmut Schmidt from 10 November" (German) 1 September 2016
  10. ^ rbb-online.de - "Air Berlin wants to cancel nearly 500 staff nationwide" (German) 14 October 2016
  11. ^ "Officials say Hamburg airport scare was likely pepper spray", Associated Press. Fox News. February 12, 2017. Retrieved 13 feb 2017
  12. ^ "Hamburg airport evacuated after toxin affects 50 passengers". The Guardian. 12 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017. 
  13. ^ [https://www.ndr.de/nachrichten/hamburg/Neuer-Rettungseinsatz-am-Hamburger-Flughafen,flughafen1280.html "Neuer Rettungseinsatz am Hamburger Flughafen", NDR. February 13, 2017. Retrieved 20 feb 2017
  14. ^ a b c abendblatt.de - "Fuhlsbüttel gets ready for the superjet A380" (German) 24 June 2016
  15. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g https://flights.airberlin.com/de-DE/die-neue-airberlin#streckennetz
  17. ^ Blue Air anunţă noi rute (Romanian)
  18. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269166/blue-air-launches-liverpool-base-in-s17/
  19. ^ http://www.luchtvaartnieuws.nl/nieuws/categorie/2/airlines/british-airways-meer-vluchten-vanaf-london-city
  20. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/267534/condor-adds-new-malta-link-from-late-april-2017/
  21. ^ a b c http://www.airliners.de/easyjet-sommer-strecken-hamburg/40277
  22. ^ https://www.eurowings.com/de/buchen/neue-strecken.html
  23. ^ http://www.airliners.de/neue-hamburg-verbindung-germania/39461
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i http://www.haminfo-terminal.com/route_news.php
  25. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269009/ryanair-expands-faro-routes-in-s17/
  26. ^ ryanair.com/de/de/booking/home Routes available for reservation on 8 February 2017
  27. ^ a b http://www.aero.de/news-26008/Neue-Ryanair-Strecken-ab-Nuernberg.html
  28. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/269001/ryanair-expands-thessaloniki-routes-in-s17/
  29. ^ http://www.airliners.de/tuifly-flughafen-hamburg-rueckkehr/40026
  30. ^ Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV – Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  31. ^ "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015. 
  32. ^ a b MARKET SIZE AT HAMBURG AIRPORT JAN 2015 - DEC 2015, Hamburg Airport
  33. ^ MARKET SIZE AT HAMBURG AIRPORT JAN 2014 - DEC 2014, Hamburg Airport
  34. ^ "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons
Hamburg Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage