Hamburg Hauptbahnhof

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Hamburg Hauptbahnhof
Hbf
2013-06-08 Highflyer HP L4729.JPG
Aerial view of Hamburg Hauptbahnhof
Location Hachmannplatz 16, 20099 Hamburg
Germany
Coordinates 53°33′10″N 10°00′23″E / 53.55278°N 10.00639°E / 53.55278; 10.00639Coordinates: 53°33′10″N 10°00′23″E / 53.55278°N 10.00639°E / 53.55278; 10.00639
Line(s)
Platforms
Other information
Station code 2514
DS100 code AH
Category 1[1]
Website www.bahnhof.de
History
Opened 1906
Electrified S-Bahn-Logo.svg 29 January 1908; 110 years ago (1908-01-29), 6.3 kV AC system (overhead; turned off in 1955)[2]
S-Bahn-Logo.svg 10 April 1941; 77 years ago (1941-04-10), 1.2 kV DC system (3rd rail)[2]
Deutsche Bahn AG-Logo.svg 6 April 1965; 53 years ago (1965-04-06), 15 kV AC system (overhead)[2]
Traffic
Passengers 480,000 (daily)[3]
Location
Hamburg Hauptbahnhof is located in Hamburg
Hamburg Hauptbahnhof
Hamburg Hauptbahnhof
Location within Hamburg
Hamburg Hauptbahnhof is located in Germany
Hamburg Hauptbahnhof
Hamburg Hauptbahnhof
Hamburg Hauptbahnhof (Germany)

Hamburg Hauptbahnhof (abbrev. Hamburg Hbf) is the main railway station of the city of Hamburg, Germany and is classed by Deutsche Bahn as a category 1 railway station.[1] Opened in 1906 to replace 4 separate terminal stations, today Hamburg Hauptbahnhof is operated by DB Station&Service AG. With an average of 480,000 passengers a day, it is Germany's busiest railway station and the third-busiest in Europe after the Gare du Nord and Gare de Châtelet – Les Halles in Paris.[4]

The station is a through station with island platforms and is one of Germany's major transportation hubs, connecting long-distance Intercity-Express routes to the city's U-Bahn and S-Bahn rapid transit networks. It is centrally located in Hamburg in the Hamburg-Mitte borough. The Wandelhalle shopping centre occupies the north side of the station building.

History[edit]

Stations of Hamburg in 1880:
blue = Berlin Station
green = Klostert(h)or Station
pink = Lübeck Station
red = Venlo(-Hamburg) Station

Before today's central station was opened, Hamburg had several smaller stations located around the city centre. The first railway line (between Hamburg and Bergedorf) was opened on 5 May 1842, coincidentally the same day that the "great fire" (der große Brand) ruined most of the historic city centre. The stations were as follows (each of them only a few hundred metres away from the others):

1870s: passenger train on the communication line to Venloer Bahnhof in the street in front of Berliner Bahnhof

Temporary railway lines connecting the stations were built partly on squares and streets. When it was decided to build a common station for all lines, a competition was arranged in 1900. Built between 1902-1906, the Hamburg Hauptbahnhof was designed by the architects Heinrich Reinhardt and Georg Süßenguth, modeled after the Galerie des machines of the World's Fair of 1889 in Paris, by Louis Béroud.[5] The German emperor William II declared the first draft to be "simply horrible",[citation needed] but the second draft was eventually constructed. The emperor personally changed the Art Nouveau style elements to Neo-Renaissance, giving the station a fortification-like character.[6] The station was opened for visitors on 4 December 1906, the first train arrived the next day, and scheduled trains started on 6 December 1906.[5]

On 9 November 1941, during the Second World War, the station was badly damaged by Allied bombing. Several areas needed to be rebuilt completely, including the baggage check and the eastern ticket counters. One of the clock towers was destroyed in 1943.[5]

Between 1985 and 1991 the station was renovated.[5]

Facilities[edit]

The Wandelhalle

Hamburg Hauptbahnhof is 206 m (676 ft) long, 135 m (443 ft) wide, and 37 m (121 ft) high. It has 8,200-square-metre (88,000 sq ft) rentable area and 27,810 m2 (299,300 sq ft) in total. The clock towers are 45 m (148 ft), and the clocks have a diameter of 2.2 m (7 ft 3 in). The track shed is constructed of iron and glass and spans the main line platforms and two S-Bahn tracks. The platforms are reached from two bridges at street level, one at each end of the track shed; from the northern bridge by stairs and by lifts, and from the southern bridge by escalators. Two other S-Bahn tracks and the subway tracks are in a connected tunnel system.

The Wandelhalle (Promenade Hall) is a small shopping centre with extended opening hours. It was built in 1991 during the renewal of the beam construction. It is located on the northern bridge and includes restaurants, flower shops, kiosks, a pharmacy, service centres and more. The upper floor also has a gallery surrounding the hall.[5]

Since 2008, in an effort to disperse drug dealers and users from the area, Deutsche Bahn has been playing classical music (e.g. Vivaldi's Four Seasons). According to the German newspaper Hamburger Abendblatt this is a success.[7]

Since 2009 the station has switched all its toilets to water-saving 3.5-litre toilets. In 2012 they started producing Terra Preta in the basement by filtering the excrement and mixing it with charcoal and microbes. The fluids are cleaned and nutrients are extracted. Even pharmaceuticals can be filtered out. [1]

Train services[edit]

In 2008, 720 regional and long distance trains, and 982 S-Bahn trains served the station per day. There were 6 platforms for the main lines.

The station is served by the following services:[8]

Long distance trains[edit]

Hamburg Hauptbahnhof is one of the largest stations in northern Germany and connects Denmark with central Europe. There are permanent InterCityExpress lines to Berlin, Frankfurt (Main), continuing to Stuttgart and Munich, and Bremen, continuing to the Ruhr Area and Cologne. To the north ICE trains connect Hamburg with Aarhus and Copenhagen in Denmark and Kiel in Schleswig-Holstein.[9] There are also several InterCity- and EuroCity- passenger train connections.[10] The station is a hub for international travel, and most passengers to or from Scandinavia must change in Hamburg.

The following lines connect to the station:

  • Berlin–Hamburg railway
  • Hanover–Hamburg railway
  • Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway (to Bremen and the Ruhr)
  • Lower Elbe Railway
  • Lübeck–Hamburg railway
  • Hamburg-Altona link line (connecting to Hamburg-Altona–Kiel railway)
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 28) Hamburg – Berlin – Leipzig – Jena – Nürnberg – Munich (- Innsbruck)
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 75) Copenhagen – Næstved – Nykøbing Falster – Puttgarden – Lübeck – Hamburg
  • Intercity Express services (ICE 76) Aarhus – Horsens – Kolding – Padborg – Flensburg – Hamburg
  • EuroCity services (EC 7) Hamburg – Bremen – Münster – Dortmund – Düsseldorf – Köln – Bonn – Karlsruhe – Freiburg – Basel – Zürich – Chur
  • EuroCity services (EC 27) Hamburg – Berlin – Dresden – Prague – Brno – Bratislava – Budapest
  • Intercity services (IC 30) Hamburg – Bremen – Münster – Essen – Düsseldorf – Köln – Bonn – Stuttgart
  • Intercity services (IC 31) Hamburg – Bremen – Münster – Dortmund – Wuppertal – Köln – Bonn – Frankfurt
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 11
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 20
towards Basel SBB
ICE 22
towards Stuttgart Hbf
ICE 25
towards Munich Hbf
ICE 28
towards Munich Hbf
Terminus ICE 31
ICE 75
ICE 76
Terminus ICE 91
towards Wien Hbf
IC 26
Stralsund-Karlsruhe
towards Karlsruhe Hbf
EuroCity
toward Budapest
IC/EC 30
towards Stuttgart Hbf
Preceding station   Hamburg-Köln-Express   Following station
Terminus
Hamburg-Köln-Express
towards Köln Hbf

Regional trains[edit]

There are numerous RegionalExpress and RegionalBahn services to Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Bremen.

Line Route
RE 1 Hamburg Hbf – Schwerin – Rostock
RE 3 Hamburg Hbf – Lüneburg – Uelzen
RE 4 Bremen – Rotenburg – Buchholz – Hamburg Hbf
RE 5 Cuxhaven – Stade – Buxtehude – Hamburg Hbf
RE 7 Hamburg Hbf – Neumünster – Flensburg
RE 8 Hamburg Hbf – Bad Oldesloe – Lübeck – Travemünde
RE 70 Hamburg Hbf – Pinneberg – Neumünster – Kiel
RE 80 Hamburg Hbf – Ahrensburg – Lübeck
RB 31 Hamburg Hbf – Lüneburg – Uelzen
RB 41 Bremen – Rotenburg – Buchholz – Hamburg Hbf
RB 61 Hamburg Hbf – Pinneberg – Glückstadt – Itzehoe
RB 81 Hamburg Hbf – Ahrensburg – Bad Oldesloe
IRE Hamburg Hbf – Lüneburg – Berlin
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus RE 1
toward Rostock Hbf
toward Flensburg
RE Terminus
Terminus RE
toward Lübeck Hbf
toward Kiel Hbf
RE Terminus
toward 
RE Terminus
Terminus RB
toward Bad Oldesloe
Terminus Template:IRE lines
Preceding station   Metronom   Following station
Terminus RE 3
toward Uelzen
Terminus RE 4
toward Bremen Hbf
Terminus RE 5
toward Cuxhaven
Terminus RB 31
toward Lüneburg
Terminus RB 41
toward Bremen Hbf
Preceding station   Hamburg S-Bahn   Following station
toward Wedel
S 1
toward Blankenese
S 11
toward Altona
S 2
toward Bergedorf
S 21
toward Aumühle
toward Pinneberg
S 3
toward Stade
toward Altona
S 31
toward Neugraben
Preceding station   AKN Eisenbahn   Following station
toward Neumünster
A1Hamburg A1.svg Terminus

Rapid transit[edit]

U-Bahn.svg Hauptbahnhof Süd
Hamburg- U-Bahn-Station Hauptbahnhof Süd- auf Bahnsteig Richtung Mümmelmannsberg 8.4.2009.jpg
Location Hamburg, Germany
Operated by Hamburger Hochbahn AG
Line(s) U 1 U 3
Platforms 2 island platforms
Tracks 2
Construction
Disabled access Yes
History
Opened 15 February 1912; 106 years ago (1912-02-15)
Previous names 1912-1968 Hauptbahnhof
U-Bahn.svg Hauptbahnhof Nord
Hamburg U-Bahn Hauptbahnhof Nord.JPG
Location Hamburg, Germany
Operated by Hamburger Hochbahn AG
Line(s) U 2 U 4
Platforms 2 island platforms
Tracks 2
Construction
Disabled access Yes
History
Opened 29 September 1968; 49 years ago (1968-09-29)

Beside the inter-urban rail services, the Hauptbahnhof is also the central intersection for two of the three rapid transport systems in the city: the Hamburg S-Bahn (suburban railway) and the Hamburg U-Bahn (underground network).[11]

The S-Bahn platforms are located inside the station itself (platforms 3 and 4, going eastwards to Barmbek, Harburg and Bergedorf) and in a separate tunnel, adjacent to the station building (platforms 1 and 2, going westwards to Altona, Wedel and Eidelstedt).

The U-Bahn is split in two stations: Hauptbahnhof Süd (south) and serving the lines U1 and U3. This part of the station had been included in the 1900 planning for the new station (the construction for the subway started in 1906, the "ring" was opened in four stages between February and June 1912. Until 28 September 1968, this station was simply called Hauptbahnhof without any suffix. There were two lines: the original Ring (opened in 1912) and the southeastern branch line (opened on 27 July 1915) leading to Rothenburgsort, the tracks and stations of which have been destroyed in the Operation Gomorra on 28 July 1943 and never been rebuilt.

Preceding station   Hamburg U-Bahn   Following station
U 1
toward Barmbek
U 3

The station Hauptbahnhof Nord (north), opened on 29 September 1968, serves the line U2, but only using the two middle tunnels (out of four). The two outer tunnels were built in advance for a future line U4 (which has never been constructed) and are currently used for a visual arts installation.

Preceding station   Hamburg U-Bahn   Following station
U 2
U 4
toward Billstedt

Neighbourhood[edit]

The station is located on the Wallring in Hamburg's city centre, between the districts Altstadt and St. Georg. Directly nearby are the Deutsches Schauspielhaus theatre in the St. Georg quarter, one of Hamburg's a state theatres, the Kunsthalle, an art gallery, and the Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe Hamburg,[12] a museum for applied arts. The Hamburg Rathaus is down Mönckebergstraße, centre of a busy shopping district.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2018" [Station price list 2018] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Cf. „Streckenelektrifizierungen“, on: Königlich preußische Eisenbahndirection zu Altona, retrieved on 19 January 2018.
  3. ^ "Bindeglied zwischen Süd- und Osteuropa (Link to Southern and Eastern Europe)" (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  4. ^ Europe on a Shoestring. Lonely Planet. 2005. p. 511. TRAIN Hamburg's Hauptbahnhof is one of the busiest in Germany. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "100 Jahre Hamburger Hauptbahnhof" (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  6. ^ Todt, Hartwig (2005). "Hauptbahnhof". Hamburg Lexikon (in German) (3 ed.). Ellert&Richter. p. 232. ISBN 3-8319-0179-1. 
  7. ^ Erlanger, Steven (23 January 2002). "Hamburg Journal; 'Judge Merciless' Thinks All Germany Needs Him". New York Times. Retrieved 21 September 2008. 
  8. ^ "Elektronisches Kursbuch" [Timetables for Hamburg Hbf station]. Deutsche Bahn (in German). 
  9. ^ ICE Netz 2008, DB Netz AG, Zentrale, Frankfurt am Main
  10. ^ IC Netz 2008, DB Netz AG, Zentrale, Frankfurt am Main
  11. ^ "Network plan" (PDF). HVV. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2009. 
  12. ^ "WELCOME TO: MUSEUM FÜR KUNST UND GEWERBE HAMBURG". Archived from the original on 4 September 2009. Retrieved 13 September 2009. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Hoyer, Hermann; Lawrenz, Dierk; Wiesmüller, Benno (2006). Hamburg Hauptbahnhof: 1906–2006 – 100 Jahre Zentrum der Stadt [Hamburg Hauptbahnhof: 1906–2006 – 100 Years Centre of the City] (in German). Freiburg i.B.: EK-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-88255-721-3. 

External links[edit]