Hamburg chicken

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Silver-Spangled Hamburg Sam dinner.jpg
A Silver-Spangled Hamburg cock
Conservation statusWatch
Other names
  • Dutch: Hollandse Hoen
  • German: Hamburger
  • Hamburgh
Country of origin
  • Holland
  • United Kingdom
StandardNHDB (in Dutch)
  • Male:
    Full-size: 2–2.5 kg[1]
    Bantam: 680–790 g[2]: 131 
  • Female:
    Full-size: 1.6–1.8 kg[1]
    Bantam: 620–740 g[2]: 131 
Skin colourwhite
Egg colourwhite
Comb typerose
PCGBSoft feather: light[5]
Citron Spangled bantam cock
Blue Hamburg pullet hen

The Hamburg, Dutch: Hollands hoen, German: Hamburger, is a breed of chicken which is thought to have originated in Holland (in some sources, Hamburg, Germany) sometime prior to the fourteenth century.[6] The name may be spelled Hamburgh in the United Kingdom and in Australia.[7]


The Hamburg is a small or medium-sized breed. Cocks weigh 2–2.5 kg and hens about 1.6–1.8 kg,[1] with slender legs and a neat rose comb. Ring size is 16 mm for cocks and 15 mm for hens. Eleven different colour varieties are recognised in Germany and Holland, including silver-spangled, gold-spangled, gold-pencilled, citron-pencilled, silver-pencilled, white, black and citron-spangled;[4] six of these are included in the American standard of perfection.[3] Pencilled breeds are smallest and self-coloured birds are largest. There are also Bantam Hamburgs.[1][8]


Three Citron and Spangled Hamburg bantam chicks

Hamburgs mature quickly and are considered good egg producers. Eggs weigh about 50 g,[1] with glossy, white shells.

In literature[edit]

Lalia Phipps Boone argued in 1949 that Chauntecleer and Pertelote, the chickens in Chaucer's "Nun's Priest's Tale," are Golden Spangled Hamburgs.[9]

L. Frank Baum was keen on Hamburgs: he started a monthly trade journal, Hamburgs, in 1880; his first book, published in 1886, was The Book of the Hamburgs: A Brief Treatise upon the Mating, Rearing, and Management of the Different Varieties of Hamburgs.


  1. ^ a b c d e Hollandse Hoenders (in Dutch). Nederlandse Hoender en Dwerghoenderbond. Archived 19 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b Victoria Roberts (2008). British poultry standards: complete specifications and judging points of all standardized breeds and varieties of poultry as compiled by the specialist breed clubs and recognised by the Poultry Club of Great Britain. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 9781405156424.
  3. ^ a b APA Recognized Breeds and Varieties: As of January 1, 2012. American Poultry Association. Archived 4 November 2017.
  4. ^ a b Liste des races et variétés homologuée dans les pays EE (28.04.2013). Entente Européenne d’Aviculture et de Cuniculture. Archived 16 June 2013.
  5. ^ Breed Classification. Poultry Club of Great Britain. Archived 12 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Poultry Breeds - Hamburg Chickens". Breeds of Livestock. Oklahoma State University: Department of Animal Sciences. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
  7. ^ Australian Poultry Standards, 2nd Edition
  8. ^ American Poultry Association (1998). The American Standard of Perfection. Petaluma, CA: Global Interprint.
  9. ^ Lalia Phipps Boone (1949). Chauntecleer and Partlet Identified. Modern Language Notes 64 (2): 78-81. (subscription required)

Media related to Hamburg (chicken) at Wikimedia Commons