Hamburg German, also known as Hamburg or Hamburger dialect (German: Hamburger Platt), is a group of Northern Low Saxon varieties spoken in Hamburg, Germany. Occasionally, the term Hamburgisch is also used for Hamburg Missingsch, a variety of standard German with Low Saxon substrates. These are urban dialects that have absorbed numerous English and Dutch loanwords, for instance Törn ‘trip’ (< turn) and suutje ‘gently’ (< Dutch zoetjes).
Hamburg is pronounced [ˈhambɔrç] in these dialects, with a "ch" similar to that in the standard German word Milch. Typical of the Hamburg dialects and other Lower Elbe dialects is the pronunciation (and spelling) eu (pronounced oi) for the diphthong /œɪ/ (written öö, öh or ö), e.g.
|in Hamburg||elsewhere||standard German||English|
|keupen [ˈkʰɔɪpm]||köpen [ˈkʰœɪpm]||kaufen [ˈkʰaʊ̯fn̩]||to buy|
|scheun [ʃɔɪn]||schöön [ʃœɪn]||schön [ʃøːn]||beautiful|
The Low Saxon language in Hamburg is divided in several subdialects, e.g.
- Finkwarder Platt
- Olwarder Platt
- Veerlanner Platt (with many sub-sub-dialects)
- Barmbeker Platt
The Hamborger Veermaster is a famous sea shanty sung in the regional dialect.
- Christoph, Walther; Lasch, Agathe; Kuhn, Hans; Pretzel, Ulrich; Scheel, Käthe; Meier, Jürgen; Möhn, Dieter (1985–2006), Hamburgisches Wörterbuch (2 ed.), Neumünster: K. Wachholtz, OCLC 182559541 (in German) (in Low German)
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