Site of town
Hamdullahi (Arabic: حمد الله; also Hamdallahi or Hamdallaye. From the Arabic: Praise to God) was a nineteenth-century imamate in what is now the Mopti Region of Mali. Founded around 1820 by Seku Amadu, Hamdullahi served as the capital of the nineteenth-century Fula empire of Massina.
On March 16, 1862, the town fell to the Toucouleur conqueror El Hadj Umar Tall after three major battles that claimed over 70,000 lives. Umar Tall destroyed the city, marking the effective end of the Massina Empire.
The ruins of the abandoned town are located 21 km southeast of Mopti, at a site lying to the east of the Bani River and to the west of the Bandiagara plateau. The town was encircled by sun-dried mudbrick walls and covered an area of 244 hectares (604 acres). The town walls and some of the street layout are clearly visible on satellite images provided by Google. The mosque and Seku Amadu’s palace were located side by side in the centre of the town. They were also constructed of sun-dried bricks, except for the enclosing walls of the palace, which were of stone. The mosque has been rebuilt and reopened in 2004.
- Huysecom, Eric (1991). "Preliminary report on excavations at Hamdallahi, inland Niger Delta of Mali (February/March and October/November 1989)". Nyame Akuma. 35: 24–28. The link is to a pdf containing the whole issue. Need to scroll down to page 24 for article.
- "Communiqué issued by Council of Ministers of the Republic of Mali on 25 July 2007" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011. In French.
- Brown, William A. (1968), "Toward a chronology for the Caliphate of Hamdullahi (Māsina)", Cahiers d'études africaines, 8 (31): 428–434, doi:10.3406/cea.1968.3136.