Hamerton

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Hamerton
Hamerton is located in Cambridgeshire
Hamerton
Hamerton
Hamerton shown within Cambridgeshire
OS grid reference TL145794
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Huntingdon
Postcode district PE28
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
CambridgeshireCoordinates: 52°24′00″N 0°19′01″W / 52.4°N 0.317°W / 52.4; -0.317

Hamerton is a village in Cambridgeshire, England.[1] Hamerton lies approximately 8 miles (13 km) north-west of Huntingdon. Hamerton is in the civil parish of Hamerton and Steeple Gidding. Hamerton is situated within Huntingdonshire which is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire as well as being a historic county of England. Hamerton Zoo is on the north side of the village. The village has a church dedicated to All Saints. At the 2011 census the population of the village was included in the civil parish of Winwick.

The civil parish of Hamerton and Steeple Gidding incorporates the nearby hamlet of Steeple Gidding, which has a 14th-century church St Andrew's that is now redundant and preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust.[2] Along with its nearby neighbour Great Gidding, Steeple Gidding forms part of a cluster of villages known as The Giddings.[3]

History[edit]

In 1085 William the Conqueror ordered that a survey should be carried out across his kingdom to discover who owned which parts and what it was worth. The survey took place in 1086 and the results were recorded in what, since the 12th century, has become known as the Domesday Book. Starting with the king himself, for each landholder within a county there is a list of their estates or manors; and, for each manor, there is a summary of the resources of the manor, the amount of annual rent that was collected by the lord of the manor both in 1066 and in 1086, together with the taxable value.[4]

Hamerton was listed in the Domesday Book in the Hundred of Leightonstone in Huntingdonshire; the name of the settlement was written as Hambertune in the Domesday Book.[5] In 1086 there was just one manor at Hamerton; the annual rent paid to the lord of the manor in 1066 had been £12 and the rent was the same in 1086.[6]

The Domesday Book does not explicitly detail the population of a place but it records that there were 26 households at Hamerton.[6] There is no consensus about the average size of a household at that time; estimates range from 3. 5 to 5. 0 people per household.[7] Using these figures then an estimate of the population of Hamerton in 1086 is that it was within the range of 91 and 130 people.

The Domesday Book uses a number of units of measure for areas of land that are now unfamiliar terms, such as hides and ploughlands. In different parts of the country, these were terms for the area of land that a team of eight oxen could plough in a single season and are equivalent to 120 acres (49 hectares); this was the amount of land that was considered to be sufficient to support a single family. By 1086, the hide had become a unit of tax assessment rather than an actual land area; a hide was the amount of land that could be assessed as £1 for tax purposes. The survey records that there were twelve ploughlands at Hamerton in 1086.[6] In addition to the arable land, there was 60 acres (24 hectares) of meadows and 10 acres (4 hectares) of woodland at Hamerton.[6]

The tax assessment in the Domesday Book was known as geld or danegeld and was a type of land-tax based on the hide or ploughland. It was originally a way of collecting a tribute to pay off the Danes when they attacked England, and was only levied when necessary. Following the Norman Conquest, the geld was used to raise money for the King and to pay for continental wars; by 1130, the geld was being collected annually. Having determined the value of a manor's land and other assets, a tax of so many shillings and pence per pound of value would be levied on the land holder. While this was typically two shillings in the pound the amount did vary; for example, in 1084 it was as high as six shillings in the pound. For the manor at Hamerton the total tax assessed was 15 geld.[6]

Steeple Gidding was listed in the Domesday Book in the Hundred of Leightonstone in Huntingdonshire; the name of the settlement was written as Redinges in the Domesday Book.[8] In 1086 there was just one manor at Steeple Gidding; the annual rent paid to the lord of the manor in 1066 had been £5 and the rent was the same in 1086.[9] The Domesday Book does not explicitly detail the population of a place but it records that there was 18 households at Steeple Gidding.[9] The estimate of the population of Steeple Gidding in 1086 is that it was within the range of 63 and 90 people. The survey records that there were eight ploughlands at Steeple Gidding in 1086.[9] In addition to the arable land, there was 20 acres (8 hectares) of meadows and 40 acres (16 hectares) of woodland at Steeple Gidding.[9] For the manor at Steeple Gidding the total tax assessed was 7 geld.[9]

In 1086 there was no church at Hamerton or at Steeple Gidding.

Government[edit]

Hamerton is part of the civil parish of Hamerton and Steeple Gidding; it does not have a parish council but just holds an annual parish meeting.

Hamerton was in the historic and administrative county of Huntingdonshire until 1965. From 1965, the village was part of the new administrative county of Huntingdon and Peterborough. Then in 1974, following the Local Government Act 1972, Hamerton became a part of the county of Cambridgeshire.

The second tier of local government is Huntingdonshire District Council which is a non-metropolitan district of Cambridgeshire and has its headquarters in Huntingdon. Huntingdonshire District Council has 52 councillors representing 29 district wards.[10] Huntingdonshire District Council collects the council tax, and provides services such as building regulations, local planning, environmental health, leisure and tourism.[11] Hamerton is a part of the district ward of Sawtry and is represented on the district council by two councillors.[12][10] District councillors serve for four-year terms following elections to Huntingdonshire District Council.

For Hamerton the highest tier of local government is Cambridgeshire County Council which has administration buildings in Cambridge. The county council provides county-wide services such as major road infrastructure, fire and rescue, education, social services, libraries and heritage services.[13] Cambridgeshire County Council consists of 69 councillors representing 60 electoral divisions.[14] Hamerton is part of the electoral division of Sawtry and Ellington[12] and is represented on the county council by one councillor.[14]

At Westminster Hamerton is in the parliamentary constituency of North West Cambridgeshire,[12] and elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. Hamerton is represented in the House of Commons by Shailesh Vara (Conservative). Shailesh Vara has represented the constituency since 2005. The previous member of parliament was Brian Mawhinney (Conservative) who represented the constituency between 1997 and 2005. For the European Parliament Hamerton is part of the East of England constituency which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

In the period 1801 to 1901 the population of Hamerton was recorded every ten years by the UK census. During this time the population was in the range of 129 (the lowest was in 1801) and 187 (the highest was in 1871).[15]

From 1901, a census was taken every ten years with the exception of 1941 (due to the Second World War).

Parish
1911
1921
1931
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Hamerton 159 140 121 141 130 93 100 101 87
Steeple Gidding 81 62 59 57 56 43 39 27 33
Hamerton and Steeple Gidding 240 202 180 198 186 136 139 128 120 112

All population census figures from report Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011 by Cambridgeshire Insight.[15]

In 2011, the parish covered an area of 3,284 acres (1,329 hectares)[15] and the population density for Hamerton and Steeple Gidding in 2011 was 21.8 persons per square mile (8.4 per square kilometre).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 142 Peterborough (Market Deeping & Chatteris) (Map). Ordnance Survey. 2012. ISBN 9780319229248. 
  2. ^ St Andrew's Church, Steeple Gidding, Cambridgeshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 25 March 2011 
  3. ^ "The Giddings". www. thegiddings.org.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Dr Ann Williams, Professor G.H. Martin, eds. (1992). Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin Books. pp. 551–561. ISBN 0-141-00523-8. 
  5. ^ Dr Ann Williams, Professor G.H. Martin, eds. (1992). Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin Books. p. 1353. ISBN 0-141-00523-8. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Professor J.J.N. Palmer, University of Hull. "Open Domesday: Place – Hamerton". www. opendomesday.org. Anna Powell-Smith. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  7. ^ Goose, Nigel; Hinde, Andrew. "Estimating Local Population Sizes" (PDF). Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  8. ^ Dr Ann Williams, Professor G.H. Martin, eds. (1992). Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin Books. p. 1404. ISBN 0-141-00523-8. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Professor J.J.N. Palmer, University of Hull. "Open Domesday: Place – Steeple Gidding". www. opendomesday.org. Anna Powell-Smith. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  10. ^ a b "Huntingdonshire District Council: Councillors". www. huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "Huntingdonshire District Council". www. huntingdonshire.gov.uk. Huntingdonshire District Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c "Ordnance Survey Election Maps". www. ordnancesurvey.co.uk. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  13. ^ "Cambridgeshire County Council". www. cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 23 February 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "Cambridgeshire County Council: Councillors". www. cambridgeshire.gov.uk. Cambridgeshire County Council. Retrieved 15 February 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c "Historic Census figures Cambridgeshire to 2011" (xlsx – download). www. cambridgeshireinsight.org.uk. Cambridgeshire Insight. Retrieved 12 February 2016.