Type of site
|censored wiki-based Internet encyclopedia project for the Torah-observant public|
|Owner||Institute for Literacy and Proper Knowledge|
|Alexa rank||1,359 in Israel (August 2018[update])|
|Registration||You must register to edit articles|
|Launched||January 11, 2015|
Hamichlol (Hebrew: המכלול "The Entirety") is a censored wiki-based Internet encyclopedia project for the Torah-observant public (ציבור שומר תורה ומצוות). The site is managed and operated by the Institute for Literacy and Proper Knowledge, which was established for the purpose of creating the site. The articles mainly censor any mentioning of homosexuality, information that contradicts a creationist worldview, and behaviors deemed immodest. The site is referred to by the site owners as an aspeklaria (Hebrew: אספקלריה), which means in Latin "mirror", as it is a re-edited edition of the Hebrew Wikipedia.
The site was launched on January 11, 2015. As of August 9, 2018 the site contained 111,466 articles, approximating half the number of articles found on the Hebrew Wikipedia.
In 2014 the Israeli Hasidic rabbi Yosef Kaminer founded the Institute for Literacy and Proper Knowledge (Hebrew: המכון לאוריינות וידע כהלכה) through which the site would be produced. According to the site owners, the site is intended for the Torah-observant public (ציבור שומר תורה ומצוות), and especially by the Haredi (Ultra-Orthodox Jewry) whom are very conservative and refrain from using Wikipedia's content according to their stringent interpretations of halakha. Hamichlol aspires to be "the largest Jewish encyclopedia in history, which includes articles on all issues pertaining to the Torah, Jewish values and the history of the Jewish people, but also knowledge pertaining to mankind and from all the secular" (Hebrew: חולין [transliteration: hulin]) "fields–written in clean language according to the Jewish worldview."
To create the site's foundation, the creators of the site imports the entire Hebrew Wikipedia and re-edited or deleted the content which they considered not proper for the Torah-observant public, and specifically the ultra-Orthodox readers. The content is imported from the Hebrew Wikipedia in accordance with Wikipedia's free license, which enables editors to perform such a "split". It is easy to find information which was omitted by comparing specific articles on the site with the parallel articles at the Hebrew Wikipedia. Examples include:
- In the Biology article, initially copied entirely from the Hebrew Wikipedia and then re-edited, the "Evolution" (Hebrew: אבולוציה) section was re-named to "The Order of the Creation of Creatures" (Hebrew: סדר הבריאה של היצורים) and the content of this section was changed so that instead of saying that all organisms on the Earth have descended from a common ancestor, it was changed to say that all forms of life were created in the Six Days of Genesis.
- In the Beit Zeit article, initially copied entirely from the Hebrew Wikipedia and then re-edited, the mentioning of the "Dinosaur Footprints" site in Israel was omitted, because it is a site which contains a layer of ancient rock that contains some 200 traces of dinosaur tracks from tens of millions of years ago. Other articles and references on the site which present dates or periods that contradict the age of the world according to the Torah also are removed from all theimported articles.
- In the article about The Holocaust, copied from the Hebrew Wikipedia and then re-edited, the mentioning in the introduction that homosexuals were also murdered by Nazi Germany in World War II was completely removed. Other articles and references on the site to homosexuality or homosexuals are removed from all imported articles a.
- Because many Haredi avoid pictures of women, in articles about prominent historical female figures the portraits of the women are replaced with pictures of their graves. Furthermore, pictures that include women, including historical pictures or group photos showing of men and women (for example, a photo of the thirty-fourth government of Israel's cabinet) are photoshopped to remove women.
As of August 25, 2018, out of the 121,929 articles imported from Wikipedia, 22,791 of the imported articles currently are not accessible to the readers as long as the editorial team hasn't yet produced a censored and/or re-edited versions of these articles. The owners of the website state that in the instances in which imported articles from Wikipedia contain content deemed problematic, the editorial team of the website will gradually review the articles to determine whether the content is appropriate: problematic articles which also contain proper content will be rewritten, while the articles with totally inappropriate content will eventually be permanently deleted. As of August 25, 2018, some of the articles that are most sought-after at the Hebrew Wikipedia but are temporarily blocked awaiting review include: YouTube, Gal Gadot, Ten Commandments, Eyal Golan, Harry Potter, Ofra Haza, Sigmund Freud, Christianity, Independence Day (Israel), Judaism, New Testament, Sports, Racism, Academy Awards, Human evolution, Woman, Status quo (Israel) Age of Enlightenment, Breast cancer, Tower of Babel, Muslims , The Simpsons, Apocalypse, Hell, Table tennis, Homo, Platonic love, Sport in Israel, Bourekas films, Handball, Race (human categorization), Jewish and democratic state, Maccabiah Games, Catholic Church, Satire, Paganism, Samaritanism.
All content on the site which was originally imported from Wikipedia is provided under the free license CC-BY-SA. The copyrights of the rest of the site's content is reserved to the Institute for Literacy and Proper Knowledge.
- Hebrew Wikipedia
- Haredi Judaism#Newspapers and publications
- Jewish views on evolution#Orthodox scientists respond to Darwin
- Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español
- Susning.nu (Swedish)
- Baike.com (Chinese)
- Baidu Baike (Chinese)
- List of online encyclopedias
- "Hamichlol.org.il Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
- "Hamichlol.org.il Traffic, Demographics and Competitors". Alexa. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
- Nochi Gold (December 10, 2017), Rabbi Yosef Kaminer presents 'the Haredi Wikipedia', m.ch10.co.il, retrieved March 3, 2018
- "ביולוגיה – המכלול". Hamichlol.org.il. 2001-01-30. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
- "בית זית – המכלול". Webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
- "השואה – המכלול". Hamichlol.org.il. Retrieved 2018-08-10.
- Benjakob, Omer (1 March 2018). "Without Women or Evolution: 'Ultra-Orthodox Wikipedia' Is Literally Rewriting History" – via Haaretz.
- "המכלול:אודות – המכלול" (in Hebrew). Hamichlol.org.il. Retrieved 2018-08-09.
- Official website (in Hebrew) / (in English)