Hamilton, North Carolina

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Hamilton, North Carolina
Town
Motto: Hamilton, North Carolina. A rich history and vibrant future.
Location of Hamilton, North Carolina
Location of Hamilton, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°56′39″N 77°12′28″W / 35.94417°N 77.20778°W / 35.94417; -77.20778Coordinates: 35°56′39″N 77°12′28″W / 35.94417°N 77.20778°W / 35.94417; -77.20778
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Martin
Town of Hamilton 1804
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Gil Matthews
Area
 • Total 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
 • Land 0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 75 ft (23 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 516
 • Density 1,070.0/sq mi (413.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 27840
Area code(s) 252
FIPS code 37-29120[1]
GNIS feature ID 1020597[2]
Website Town of Hamilton, NC

Hamilton is a town in Martin County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 516 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Hamilton is located at 35°56′39″N 77°12′28″W / 35.94417°N 77.20778°W / 35.94417; -77.20778 (35.944116, -77.207772).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all of it land. It is located on the Roanoke River at the 60 Mile Mark.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 242
1870 200 −17.4%
1880 369 84.5%
1890 781 111.7%
1900 493 −36.9%
1910 452 −8.3%
1920 474 4.9%
1930 508 7.2%
1940 524 3.1%
1950 514 −1.9%
1960 565 9.9%
1970 579 2.5%
1980 638 10.2%
1990 544 −14.7%
2000 516 −5.1%
2010 408 −20.9%
Est. 2015 384 [4] −5.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the census[1] of 2010, there were 516 people, 191 households, and 145 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,070.0 people per square mile (415.1/km²). There were 216 housing units at an average density of 447.9 per square mile (173.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 44.38% White, 53.29% African American, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 1.55% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.49% of the population.

There were 191 households out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.6% were non-families. 22.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 27.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 81.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $23,625, and the median income for a family was $28,977. Males had a median income of $27,500 versus $16,563 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,832. About 18.2% of families and 24.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.8% of those under age 18 and 43.4% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1804 on the highest point of the Roanoke River.[6]

The most significant historical event of early Hamilton was the battle and fall of Fort Branch,[7] when Union vessels and troops came upriver from Plymouth (see Plymouth, North Carolina History) in an attempt to reach Weldon to cut off supplies to General Robert E. Lee during the Civil War. The fort protected Weldon until the day after the General Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House, whereupon the railroad line over the Weldon bridge had no more military significance. Afterwards, the fort was abandoned and the cannons were dumped into the Roanoke River by departing Confederate troops, and were only recently discovered. In July 1972, a group of men from Alabama came and began pulling cannons from the river. The group was accused of violating North Carolina's antiquities laws in an effort to keep the cannons in Martin County. The courts officially decided that the cannons belong to the state under the North Carolina Department of Archives and History. The department decided to permanently loan the artifact to Fort Branch.[6]

The Historic Hamilton Commission, started in 1976, is in charge of 52 other historic sites in the county, including St. Martin's Episcopal Church. The church was established as a missionary station of the Episcopalian church in 1868.[6] It was founded primarily by members of the Boyle family, such as Francis Atherton Boyle and Mary A. Boyle.[8] St. Martin's was admitted to the Episcopal convention in 1873. Building began in 1879. All of the construction materials were from local suppliers, except the bell and stained glass, which were imported from Wales.[9] The church was consecrated on 17 May 1882. The Rev. Dr. Watson preached the sermon; Bishop Lyman celebrated Holy Communion. The church is now inactive, but is still owned by the Episcopal Diocese of East Carolina. This means it is still a consecrated church.[6]

Another important site in Hamilton is the Rosenwald School. A black school funded by Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears, Roebuck and Co.,. During segregation, white schools had approximately five times the funding of the former. The Rosenwald Fund sought to provide support for these underprivileged schools.[6] According to the Roanoke River Partners, The Rosenwald school will be remodeled and used as their headquarters. Hamilton is in the exact middle of the Roanoke River, making it a sensible location.[6]

Hamilton, once a thriving, beautiful Victorian port town with many of its homes listed in the National Historic Registry, had been in decline in recent years. However, in 2013 Hamilton received a grant to beautify the "Historic Downtown" area. The monies from this generous grant were used to purchase a prefabricated gazebo and vinyl fence to be installed in between two of the towns most prominent, historic structures. This new prefabricated structure provides an interesting and eye-opening contrast in perspective of old vs. new, considering the quality of craftsmanship, manpower, quality and pride of work, and materials, that were once so prominent. Additionally, the town has begun a revitalization campaign and hired staff to coordinate marketing and economic development activities on behalf of the town.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Revels, Amber. "Our Town Hamilton: Reconnecting with roots." Eastern Living. Spring 2010: 66-68. Print.
  7. ^ http://www.fortbranchcivilwarsite.com/history/index.htm
  8. ^ Haughton, Rev. T.B. et al. Saint Martin's, Hamilton. Reports. Register 1868-1949, Vol. 1. N.C. State Archives, Martin Memorial Library, Williamston, N.C. Microfilm.
  9. ^ Manning, Francis M. and W.H. Booker. Religion and Education in Martin County: 1774–1974. Williamston, N.C.: Enterprise Publ. Co., 1974. Print.