Hamilton, Queensland

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Hamilton
BrisbaneQueensland
Hamiltonbrissy.jpg
Southern part of Hamilton facing the Brisbane River
Hamilton is located in Queensland
Hamilton
Hamilton
Coordinates27°26′18″S 153°04′02″E / 27.4383°S 153.0672°E / -27.4383; 153.0672 (Hamilton (centre of suburb))
Population6,995 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density2,057/km2 (5,330/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4007
Elevation10–68 m (33–223 ft)
Area3.4 km2 (1.3 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
Location5.4 km (3 mi) NE of Brisbane GPO
LGA(s)City of Brisbane
(Hamilton Ward)[2]
State electorate(s)Clayfield
Federal Division(s)Brisbane
Suburbs around Hamilton:
Albion Ascot Brisbane Airport
Albion Hamilton Eagle Farm
Newstead Bulimba Bulimba

Hamilton is an affluent riverside mixed-use suburb in the north-east of the City of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.[3] Hamilton is located along the north bank of the Brisbane River.[4] In the 2016 census, Hamilton had a population of 6,995 people.[1]

In 2013, the suburb had the highest mean taxable income of any in Queensland.[5]

Geography[edit]

The suburb is bounded by the Brisbane River to the south and this section of the river is known as Hamilton Reach (27°26′26″S 153°03′22″E / 27.4405°S 153.0561°E / -27.4405; 153.0561 (Hamilton Reach)).[6][7]

Kingsford Smith Drive enters the suburb at its south-west corner (from Albion) and runs along the river for approx 1.5 kilometres (0.93 mi) before heading north-east away from the river and exiting the suburb to the north-east (to Eagle Farm).[7]

Historically Kingsford Smith Drive divided the suburb into a hilly residential area to the north and west of the road and a flat industrial area to the south and east which featured wharves used for the transport of goods (and for a time Brisbane's main port facility). However, the need to accommodate larger vessels has led to the relocation of wharves to the current Port of Brisbane at the mouth of the river and the rising value of riverfront land for residential purposes has led to an urban redevelopment plan called Hamilton Northshore, in which industrial sites will gradually be replaced by residential development and associated services.[8]

The western part of suburb is hilly with views of the Brisbane central business district, including:

Although not passing through the suburb, the Doomben railway line runs immediately north of the northernmost part of the suburb with Doomben railway station serving the suburb (27°25′53″S 153°04′28″E / 27.4313°S 153.0745°E / -27.4313; 153.0745 (Doomben railway station)).[10]

Racecourse Road is a north-south road that connects Kingsford Smith Drive and the Eagle Farm Racecourse.[7] It is a dining, shopping and entertainment precinct.[11]

Cameron Rocks are located on the riverbank in the south-west of the suburb (27°26′25″S 153°03′03″E / 27.4402°S 153.0508°E / -27.4402; 153.0508 (Cameron Rocks)).[12] Bretts Wharf ferry terminal is also on the riverbank opposite Racecourse Road (27°26′24″S 153°03′43″E / 27.4401°S 153.0620°E / -27.4401; 153.0620 (Bretts Wharf ferry terminal)Coordinates: 27°26′24″S 153°03′43″E / 27.4401°S 153.0620°E / -27.4401; 153.0620 (Bretts Wharf ferry terminal)).[13]

History[edit]

Real estate map of Russell Association Land, Hamilton and Breakfast Creek, ca. 1880s

It is believed the first hotel in the district was built by the Gustavus Hamilton (father of Messrs. F. G. Hamilton, barrister, and R. Hamilton, surveyor). Amongst the earlier lessees of the hotel was a Mrs. Warren, who, by coincidence, married another Mr. Hamilton, so that the hotel was occupied by different families of the name Hamilton. The Hamilton Hotel became an easy reference mark in the days when buildings were few in the district, and its name was gradually applied to the whole district.[3][14]

In Brisbane's early history, Hamilton was the home to many aristocrats and clergy. This suburb is known for being an "old wealth" suburb compared to "new wealth" suburbs in Brisbane such as Paddington, Toowong and Indooroopilly.[citation needed] A number of Brisbane's iconic mansions are found in Hamilton, mainly because the exclusive suburb has views of the central business district and other surrounding suburbs.

This district was the birthplace of Charles Kingsford Smith in 1897.

Hamilton State School opened on 19 March 1907.[15]

Archbishop James Duhig laid the foundation block of St Cecilia's Catholic Church on Sunday 14 December 1913.[16] The church was officially opened, blessed and dedicated on Sunday 5 April 1914 by Archbishop Duhig.[17]

On Sunday 1 October 1916, Archbishop Duhig laid the foundation stone for St Cecilia's Convent School.[18] Archbishop Duhig officially opened the school on Sunday 21 January 1917. It was operated by the Sisters of Mercy and was just to the north of the church.[19] It closed on 4 December 1981.[15]

World War 1 memorial, Hamilton, 2013

After World War I, a war memorial was built alongside the Brisbane River near Cameron Rocks (27°26′25″S 153°02′58″E / 27.4404°S 153.0495°E / -27.4404; 153.0495 (Cameron Rocks War Memorial)).[20] It was unveiled by the Queensland Governor John Goodwin on Sunday 16 August 1931.[21]

Accident involving a towed plane on Kingsford Smith Drive in c. 1945

During World War II an accident occurred involving a Corsair fighter plane. It had been unloaded from a ship in the river, had its wings folded up and was being towed along Kingsford Smith Drive by a truck when it snagged the tramway overhead and brought them down.

The Hamilton Library opened in 1947.[22]

In 1947 five priests of the Augustinian Order established a secondary school for Catholic boys called Villanova College after St Thomas of Villanova in a house called Whinstanes on a 10-acre (4.0 ha) site on College Road (27°26′03″S 153°04′32″E / 27.4341°S 153.0756°E / -27.4341; 153.0756 (Villanova College (Whinstanes))).[23][24][25] Archbishop Duhig officially opened the school on Sunday 25 January 1948 with an initial enrolment of 40 days.[26] The number of students grew so quickly that by 1951 it was necessary to find a new location. In 1954 the school was transferred to the school's current site at Coorparoo.[15][27]

The Archbishop's Chapel of The Good Shepherd at Bishopsbourne (the residence of the Anglican Archbishop of Brisbane) was dedicated on 4 November 1964 by Archbishop Philip Strong. Its closure on 20 December 2006 due to the sale of the property was approved by Archbishop Phillip Aspinall.[28]

In 1967 the Mission to Seafarers opened the Anglican Chapel of St Nicolas in Hamilton. It was dedicated by Coadjutor Bishop Hudson on 4 November 1967. Its closure on 17 June 2007 was approved by Bishop Adrian Charles.[29]

In recent times,[when?] a cruise ship terminal has been built in a precinct at Portside Wharf; this precinct has then seen substantial commercial and residential development.

The development of the Northshore Hamilton project was announced on 27 March 2008 by the Urban Land Development Authority.[30] A concept master plan for Northshore Hamilton was released by Premier Anna Bligh in September 2008.[30] The development covers 304 hectares (750 acres) and is expected to house 13,000 new residents.[30] It includes 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) of river frontage which will be open to the public.

In the 2016 census, Hamilton had a population of 6,995 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Hamilton Town Hall, 2011
Marie Ville (Eltham), viewed from Hillside Crescent, 2012

Hamilton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census the population of Hamilton was 4,721, 50.4% female and 49.6% male.

The median/average age of the Hamilton population is 39 years of age, 2 years above the Australian average.

70.6% of people living in Hamilton were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand 4.4%, England 3.2%, India 1.4%, United States of America 1.1%, Ireland 1%.

83.3% of people speak English as their first language 1.3% Italian, 1.3% Mandarin, 0.9% Cantonese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.6% Greek.

Education[edit]

Hamilton State School is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at Oxford Street (27°25′58″S 153°04′25″E / 27.4327°S 153.0737°E / -27.4327; 153.0737 (Hamilton State School)).[40][41] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 117 students with 12 teachers (7 full-time equivalent) and 10 non-teaching staff (5 full-time equivalent).[42]

Amenities[edit]

The Brisbane City Council operates a public library at 36 Racecourse Road (corner Rossiter Parade, 27°26′16″S 153°03′52″E / 27.4379°S 153.0644°E / -27.4379; 153.0644 (Hamilton Library)).[43]

Hamilton Post Office is at 11 Racecourse Road (27°26′20″S 153°03′52″E / 27.4389°S 153.0645°E / -27.4389; 153.0645 (Hamilton Post Shop)).[44][45]

St Augustine's Anglican Church is at 56 Racecourse Road (27°26′12″S 153°03′50″E / 27.4366°S 153.0639°E / -27.4366; 153.0639 (St Augustines Anglican Church)).[44][46]

St Cecilia's Catholic Church is at 30 College Road (27°26′02″S 153°04′31″E / 27.4338°S 153.0752°E / -27.4338; 153.0752 (St Cecilia's Catholic Church)).[44][47]

St Luke’s Hamilton Uniting Church is on Jackson Street (corner of Oxford Street, 27°25′55″S 153°04′23″E / 27.4319°S 153.0731°E / -27.4319; 153.0731 (Hamilton Uniting Church)).[44][48]

Transport[edit]

CityCat stops are Bretts Wharf and, since October 2011,[49] Northshore Hamilton. Hamilton is serviced by Brisbane Transport bus routes 300, 301, 302, 303, 305.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Hamilton (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Hamilton Ward". Brisbane City Council. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 12 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Hamilton - suburb in the City of Brisbane (entry 49441)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  4. ^ Universal Business Directories (Aust.) Pty. Ltd (1997), Brisbane : includes Gold Coast & Sunshine Coast : 1997 (41st ed.), UBD, ISBN 978-0-7319-0886-8
  5. ^ Alistair Walsh (2 May 2013). "Hamilton tops Queensland's highest earning postcodes with list dominated by coal mining towns". Property Observer. Private Media. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  6. ^ "Hamilton Reach - reach in City of Brisbane (entry 15283)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  8. ^ "Northshore Hamilton: Urban Development Area: Development Scheme" (PDF). Urban Land Development Authority. July 2009. pp. 2–4. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 November 2020. Retrieved 9 November 2020.
  9. ^ "Toorak Hill - hill in City of Brisbane (entry 34944)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  10. ^ "Railway stations and sidings - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 27 August 2020. Archived from the original on 5 October 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  11. ^ "Brisbane Racecourse Road Restaurants". www.brisbane-river-restaurants.com.au. Archived from the original on 11 March 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  12. ^ "Cameron Rocks - rock in City of Brisbane (entry 5859)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  13. ^ "Bretts Wharf ferry terminal, Hamilton". Translink. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  14. ^ "Brisbane's Suburban Beauties". The Brisbane Courier (1864–1933). Queensland: National Library of Australia. 29 September 1906. p. 12. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  15. ^ a b c Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  16. ^ "ST. CECILIA'S CHURCH, HAMILTON". The Brisbane Courier (17, 448). Queensland, Australia. 15 December 1913. p. 5. Retrieved 10 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "CHURCH OF ST. CECILIA". Daily Standard (409). Queensland, Australia. 6 April 1914. p. 6 (SECOND EDITION). Retrieved 10 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ "AUSTRALIANS AND THE WAR". The Brisbane Courier (18, 318). Queensland, Australia. 2 October 1916. p. 6. Retrieved 10 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  19. ^ "ST. CECELIA'S SCHOOL". Daily Standard (1285). Queensland, Australia. 22 January 1917. p. 4 (SECOND EDITION). Retrieved 10 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  20. ^ "Cameron Rocks War Memorial". Queensland War Memorials Register. 23 June 2014. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  21. ^ "Hamilton War Memorial". The Brisbane Courier (1864–1933). Queensland: National Library of Australia. 14 August 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  22. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 11. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  23. ^ "PERSONAL". The Courier-mail (3421). Queensland, Australia. 11 November 1947. p. 4. Retrieved 10 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  24. ^ "Augustinian Fathers Will". The Courier-Mail (3482). Queensland, Australia. 22 January 1948. p. 4. Retrieved 10 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  25. ^ "McKellars Official Map of Brisbane and Suburbs sheet 3" (Map). Queensland Government. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  26. ^ "NEW CATHOLIC SCHOOL OPENED". Daily Mercury. 82 (22). Queensland, Australia. 26 January 1948. p. 1. Retrieved 10 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
  27. ^ "Mission and History". Villanova College. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  28. ^ "Closed Anglican Churches". Anglican Church South Queensland. Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  29. ^ "Closed Churches - Anglican Records and Archives Centre". Archived from the original on 3 April 2019. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  30. ^ a b c "Q2 Vision for Northshore Hamilton released". Media release. Urband Development Land Authority. 14 September 2008. Archived from the original on 10 April 2012. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  31. ^ "Toorak House (entry 600216)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  32. ^ "Lochiel (entry 601965)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  33. ^ Brisbane Heritage Register entry for Marie Ville, 16 Hillside Crescent, Hamilton
  34. ^ "El Nido (entry 602390)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  35. ^ "Greystaines (entry 602551)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  36. ^ "Woolahra (entry 600217)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  37. ^ "Cremorne (entry 600218)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  38. ^ "Palma Rosa (entry 600219)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  39. ^ "Hamilton Town Hall (entry 602444)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  40. ^ "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  41. ^ "Hamilton State School". Archived from the original on 13 March 2020. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  42. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2018". Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. Archived from the original on 27 August 2020. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  43. ^ "Hamilton Library". Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. 15 December 2017. Archived from the original on 15 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  44. ^ a b c d "Community facilities - Queensland". Queensland Open Data. Queensland Government. 22 October 2020. Archived from the original on 23 October 2020. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  45. ^ "Hamilton Central Post Shop". auspost.com.au. Australia Post. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  46. ^ "St Augustine's Anglican Church Hamilton". St Augustine's Anglican Church Hamilton. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  47. ^ "St Cecilia's Church, Hamilton". Archdiocese of Brisbane. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  48. ^ "Welcome". St. Luke's Hamilton Uniting Church Qld. Archived from the original on 10 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2020.
  49. ^ Tony Moore (19 November 2011). "Car sharing solution for Kingsford Smith Drive gridlock". Brisbane Times. Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2011.

External links[edit]