Hamilton, South Lanarkshire
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012)|
Hamilton Townhouse and Library
Hamilton shown within South Lanarkshire
|Population||48,546  (2001 census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||South Lanarkshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Lanark and Hamilton East|
|Rutherglen and Hamilton West|
|Scottish Parliament||Hamilton, Larkhall and Stonehouse|
Hamilton is a town in South Lanarkshire, in the west-central Lowlands of Scotland. It serves as the main administrative centre of the South Lanarkshire council area. It is the fourth-biggest town (and eighth-biggest place including cities) in Scotland. It sits 12 miles (19 km) south-east of Glasgow, 35 miles (56 km) south-west of Edinburgh and 75 miles (120 km) north of Carlisle, Cumbria. It is situated on the south bank of the River Clyde at its confluence with the Avon Water. Hamilton is the historical county town of Lanarkshire.
The town of Hamilton was originally known as Cadzow or Cadyou (Middle Scots: Cadȝow, the "ȝ" being the letter yogh), pronounced /kadyu/. During the Wars of Scottish Independence the Hamilton family initially supported the English and Walter fitz Gilbert (the head of the Hamilton family) was governor of Bothwell Castle on behalf of the English. However, he later changed loyalty to Robert the Bruce, following the Battle of Bannockburn, and ceded Bothwell to him. For this act, he was rewarded with a portion of land which had been forfeited by the Comyns at Dalserf and later the Barony and lands of Cadzow, which in time would become the town of Hamilton.
Cadzow was renamed Hamilton in the time of James, Lord Hamilton, who was married to Princess Mary, the daughter of King James II. The Hamilton family themselves most likely took their name from the lands of Humbleton or Homildon in Northumberland, or perhaps from a place near Leicester.
The Hamiltons constructed many landmark buildings in the area including the Hamilton Mausoleum in Strathclyde Park, which has the longest echo of any building in the world. The Hamilton family are major land-owners in the area to this day. Hamilton Palace was the seat of the Dukes of Hamilton until the early-twentieth century.
Other historic buildings in the area include Hamilton Old Parish Church, a Georgian era building completed in 1734 and the only church to have been built by William Adam. The graveyard of the old parish church contains some Covenanter remains. The former Edwardian Town Hall now houses the library and concert hall. The Townhouse complex underwent a sympathetic modernization in 2002 and opened to the public in summer 2004. The ruins of Cadzow Castle also lie in Chatelherault Country Park, 2 miles (3 km) from the town centre.
Hamilton Palace was the largest non-royal residence in the Western world, located in the north-east of the town. A former seat of the Dukes of Hamilton, it was built in 1695, subsequently much enlarged, and demolished in 1921 due to ground subsidence. It is widely acknowledged as having been one of the grandest houses in Scotland, was visited and admired by Queen Victoria, and was written about by Daniel Defoe.
The Low Parks Museum is housed in what was a 16th-century inn and a staging post for journeys between Glasgow and Edinburgh. Recently refurbished, it is the oldest building in Hamilton and is to the north of the Palace Grounds.
David Livingstone lived in Hamilton from 1862 until his death on 1 May 1873. His house still stands on Burnbank Road (No.17) and has a plaque about him living there,
By road the town is to the west of the M74 motorway, the main southerly link to England, which joins the M6 just north of Carlisle. The main route from Edinburgh is the M8, leaving at junctions 6 or 7.
- Earnock Estate
- Earnock Glen
- Hamilton West
- High Earnock
- Little Earnock
- Low Waters - Area to the south of town centre
- Meikle Earnock
- Torheads Farm
Nearby towns and cities:
Service industries and local government are major employers in Hamilton, as are Philips, the Dutch electronics conglomerate. The town centre has been regenerated with new indoor shopping centres (the Regent Shopping Centre, New Cross Shopping Centre) Hamilton Retail Park and the Palace Grounds Retail Park.
Restaurants and national retail outlets are situated in a redeveloped part of the Palace Grounds that are visible upon entering the town from the M74 motorway. The creation of a circular Town Square has resulted in Hamilton receiving numerous town planning awards during the past decade. This development transformed the Hamilton side of Strathclyde Park, which was the original site of the Duke's palace. Hamilton has been a Fairtrade Town since 2005.
Hamilton has three railway stations, Hamilton Central, Hamilton West and Chatelherault, all on the Argyle Line's Hamilton Circle. Hamilton Central is 22 minutes from Glasgow on the limited stop Larkhall-Dalmuir service.
Cycling paths run from Strathclyde Park to Chatelherault Country Park following the banks of the Clyde and Avon. These are being expanded at part of the Sustrans Connect2 project  and will make up part of the National Cycle Route 74 which will run from Uddingston to Carlisle, Cumbria
There are currently three comprehensive high schools in the town – Hamilton Grammar, Holy Cross and John Ogilvie. The former Earnock High School merged with Blantyre High School as the new Calderside Academy.
There are also several primary schools in Hamilton, including, St Cuthbert's, Our Lady and St Anne's, St Elizabeth's St Peter's, St Paul's, St Mark's, St Ninian's, St Mary's, Glenlee, Townhill, Udston, Woodhead, Beckford, St John's, Woodside and Chatelherault Primary Schools.
Hamilton is a university town with The University of the West of Scotland campus sited on Almada Street.
Hamilton Academical Football Club (the Accies) was formed in 1874 and is one of Scotland's oldest senior clubs. It takes its name from Hamilton Academy, now called Hamilton Grammar School, the oldest school in the town (founded 1588). It is the only professional football team in the UK to originate from a school team and they currently play in the Scottish Premiership. Accies stadium is New Douglas Park, built in 2001 near the site of their former ground Douglas Park (which was demolished in 1994 to make way for a retail park).
The Hamilton Rugby Club can be found at the Laigh Bent sports ground, Bent Road. They currently play in the Scottish Premiership Division 2.
Hamilton Park Racecourse is situated alongside Bothwell Road.
Speedway racing was staged in Hamilton between 1947 and 1955. The annual meeting was staged as part of the annual Lanarkshire Show and featured riders from across Scotland. The site of the track was the old ash football pitches of Strathclyde Park – an area now covered by the town square.
There are a number of high quality football, cricket, and rugby pitches in the Palace Grounds area alongside the Mausoleum. Part of Strathclyde Park is sited within Hamilton's boundary, providing world class water-sport facilities.
The Hamilton Lawn Tennis Club provide the town with a set of four floodlit artificial grass tennis courts based at Blackswell Lane. The town is also now home to a Virgin Active Health Club, which hosted the tennis at the 2011 International children's games. In recent years the Virgin Active men's tennis team have won the Mens Scottish cup twice (2011, 2012) becoming the first team attached to a commercial chain health club to win the trophy in its history.
Hamilton Townhouse Theatre is a 500 seat venue in the Cadzow Street area of the town. It is the first cultural venue in Scotland to attain the prestigious Quest accreditation. A multiplex Vue Cinema is located in the redeveloped Palace Grounds area close to the Hamilton Palace nightclub.
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- Charles Alston (Botanist)
- Joanna Baillie (Poet)
- Matthew Baillie (Scientist)
- Jim Bett (Aberdeen & Scotland Footballer)
- Jackie Bird (Broadcaster)
- Martin Boyce (Artist)
- Laurie Brett (Eastenders Actress)
- Craig Brown (Scotland Football Manager and former Aberdeen FC Manager)
- Ian Buchanan (Emmy Award Winning Actor)
- Jamie Burnett (Snooker Professional)
- Alexander Cairncross (Economist)
- Brian Connolly (Musician)
- Davie Cooper (Rangers, Motherwell & Scotland Footballer)
- William Cullen (Physician & Chemist)
- Barry Ferguson (Rangers & Scotland Captain)
- Doug Finley (Canadian Senator and principal operational strategist of the Conservative Party of Canada)
- Steven Fletcher (Wolves & Scotland Footballer)
- Alan Gilmour (Playwright and Librettist)
- Gay Hamilton (Actress)
- Paul Hartley (Dundee Manager & Scotland Footballer)
- Willie Henderson (Rangers, Sheffield Wednesday & Scotland Footballer)
- David Herd (Arsenal, Manchester United & Scotland Footballer)
- Robin Jenkins (Novelist)
- Sir Harry Lauder (Entertainer)
- Allan Lee (Film editor)
- David Livingstone (Explorer and missionary) (Lived in Hamilton for some of his life)
- William Logan (Philanthropist)
- John Paul McBride (St. Johnstone Footballer)
- Margo McDonald (Politician)
- Walter McGowan (World Champion Boxer)
- Mark McManus (Taggart Actor)
- James MacPherson (Taggart Actor)
- Paul McStay (Celtic & Scotland footballer)
- Phil O'Donnell (Motherwell, Celtic, Sheffield Wednesday & Scotland footballer)
- Jackie Oakes (Blackburn Rovers, Manchester City and Queen of the South F.C. footballer)
- Helen Orr Gordon (Swimmer)
- John Roberton (Physician and controversial social reformer)
- John Roberton (Obstetrician and social reformer)
- Raymond Robertson (Politician)
- Bobby Shearer (Rangers & Scotland Footballer)
- Iain Stewart (politician) (Politician)
- Jock Stein (Celtic & Scotland Manager)
- Alison Walker (Broadcaster)
- John Fox Watson (Real Madrid & Fulham Footballer)
- Nicol Williamson (Actor, Tony Award nominee)
- Marie McLaughlin (Opera Singer)
Hamilton is twinned with Châtellerault in France. This connection dates from the 16th century when the title Duc de Châtellerault was conferred on James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran. The Duke's hunting lodge (now in Chatelherault Country Park), a primary school and new railway station are named 'Chatelherault' for this reason.
- Transport links
- Hamilton Circle Railway Line
- National Cycle Route 74
- Glasgow International Airport (25 minutes drive)
- Edinburgh International Airport (35 minutes drive)
- Glasgow Prestwick Airport (45 minutes drive)
- "Scotland's Census Results Online". Scrol.gov.uk. Retrieved 2009-05-03.
- George Chalmers, Caledonia, Or, A Historical and Topographical Account of North Britain from the Most Ancient to the Present Times: With a Dictionary of Places, Chorographical and Philological, Vol. 6 (A. Gardner, 1890), p. 683.
- Sir James Balfour Paul, The Scots Peerage, Vol. 4 (D. Douglas, 1909), pp. 339-340
- "Hamilton, Chatelherault, Larkhall links | Sustrans". Sustransconnect2.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hamilton, South Lanarkshire.|
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (November 2012)|
- Visit Scotland: Hamilton
- Old Hamilton: Pictures of Our Town
- Low Parks Museum and Hamilton Mausoleum
- Chatelherault Country Park
- Strathclyde Park (partly in Hamilton)
- Bothwell Road Park
- Hamilton Park Racecourse
- The Regent Shopping Centre
- New Cross Shopping Centre
- Sustrains Connect2 cycle paths
- Hamilton Water Palace
- Hamilton Ice Rink
- Earnock Nature Trail
- Bothwell Bridge Lido
- Hamilton Palace - A virtual reconstruction
- Udston mining disaster
- Duke of Hamilton
- Duchess of Hamilton
- Clan Hamilton
- Battle of Bothwell Bridge
- National Library of Scotland: SCOTTISH SCREEN ARCHIVE (archive films relating to Hamilton)
- Hamilton Through the Ages: Images of Our Town
- Hamilton Academical Football Club
- Hamilton Rugby Club
- Hamilton Golf Club
- Strathclyde Park Golf Course
- Hamilton Lawn Tennis Club
- Hamilton Palace Sports Ground Football, Rugby, Cricket and Bowling