Hamilton, Texas

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Hamilton, Texas
Hamilton County Courthouse
Hamilton County Courthouse
Location of Hamilton, Texas
Hamilton is located in Texas
Hamilton
Hamilton
Location of Hamilton
Hamilton is located in the United States
Hamilton
Hamilton
Hamilton (the United States)
Coordinates: 31°42′12″N 98°7′13″W / 31.70333°N 98.12028°W / 31.70333; -98.12028Coordinates: 31°42′12″N 98°7′13″W / 31.70333°N 98.12028°W / 31.70333; -98.12028
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyHamilton
Area
 • Total3.53 sq mi (9.15 km2)
 • Land3.47 sq mi (8.98 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)
Elevation
1,168 ft (356 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,095
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
3,012
 • Density868.76/sq mi (335.42/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
76531
Area code254
FIPS code48-31952[3]
GNIS feature ID1337274[4]
Websitehamiltontexas.com
Welcome sign in Hamilton

Hamilton is a city in and the county seat of Hamilton County, Texas, United States,[5] located in the state's central region. Its population was 3,095 at the 2010 census.[6]

Geography[edit]

Hamilton is located in central Hamilton County at 31°42′12″N 98°7′13″W / 31.70333°N 98.12028°W / 31.70333; -98.12028 (31.703274, –98.120359).[7] U.S. Route 281 passes through the center of the city, leading north 21 miles (34 km) to Hico and south 16 miles (26 km) to Evant. Texas State Highway 36 (Main Street) crosses US 281 in the center of town and leads 32 miles (51 km) southeast to Gatesville and 33 miles (53 km) northwest to Comanche. Texas State Highway 22 leads northeast from Hamilton 33 miles (53 km) to Meridian.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 sq mi (7.9 km2), of which 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2), or 2.11%, is covered by water.[6] The city is drained by Pecan Creek, an east-flowing tributary of the Leon River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880277
1890726162.1%
19101,548
19202,01830.4%
19302,0843.3%
19402,71630.3%
19503,07713.3%
19603,1060.9%
19702,760−11.1%
19803,18915.5%
19902,937−7.9%
20002,9771.4%
20103,0954.0%
2019 (est.)3,012[2]−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2020 census[edit]

Hamilton racial composition[9]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 2,361 81.55%
Black or African American (NH) 8 0.28%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 9 0.31%
Asian (NH) 12 0.41%
Pacific Islander (NH) 1 0.03%
Some other race (NH) 8 0.28%
Mixed/multiracial (NH) 60 2.07%
Hispanic or Latino 436 15.06%
Total 2,895

As of the 2020 United States census, 2,895 people, 968 households, and 632 families were residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010,[12] 3,095 people, 1,230 households, and 777 families were residing in the city. The population density was 1,067.2 people/sq mi (412.7/km2). The 1,470 housing units averaged 506.9/sq mi (196 per km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.5% White, 0.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 2.8% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.9% of the population.

Of the 1,230 households, 26.9% had children under 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.8% were not families. About 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38, and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the age distribution was 21.8% under 18, 27.9% from 18 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 26.4% who were 65 or older. The median age was 45.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,585, and for a family was $38,702. Males had a median income of $27,074 versus $17,500 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,012. About 12.2% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.0% of those under age 18 and 16.1% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Hamilton Independent School District.

Landmarks[edit]

The Hamilton County Courthouse, built in 1897, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in April 1980.

Notable people[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Hamilton is home to Hamilton Municipal Airport, a city-owned, public-use airport located at the south edge of the city.

Major highways[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification, Hamilton has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Hamilton city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  10. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  11. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  12. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
  13. ^ Climate Summary for Hamilton, Texas
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[10][11]

External links[edit]