John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport

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John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport
Hamilton Airport
John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport Logo.png
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamilton
Operator Tradeport International Corp.
Serves Hamilton, Ontario
Greater Toronto Area
Golden Horseshoe
Hub for
Time zone EST (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−04:00)
Elevation AMSL 780 ft / 238 m
Coordinates 43°10′25″N 079°56′06″W / 43.17361°N 79.93500°W / 43.17361; -79.93500Coordinates: 43°10′25″N 079°56′06″W / 43.17361°N 79.93500°W / 43.17361; -79.93500
Website www.flyhamilton.ca
Map
CYHM is located in Ontario
CYHM
CYHM
Location in Ontario
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06/24 6,010 1,832 Asphalt
12/30 10,006 3,050 Asphalt
Statistics
Aircraft movements (2016) 37,664
Number of Passengers (2017) 599,146
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[1]
Environment Canada[2]
Movements from Statistics Canada[3]
Passengers from Hamilton Airport[4]

John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport (IATA: YHM, ICAO: CYHM) is an international airport located in Mount Hope, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It is named for John Carr Munro, former Canadian Member of Parliament in Hamilton and cabinet minister. The airport is situated 6 nautical miles (11 km; 6.9 mi) southwest of Downtown Hamilton[1] and 64 km (40 mi) away from Downtown Toronto. It is one of four airports belonging to the Toronto airport system (IATA: YTO, ICAO: CYTO) providing scheduled passenger service and serves as an alternate and reliever for Toronto Pearson International Airport. Former British airline Flyglobespan referred to the airport as Toronto Hamilton International Airport.[5]

Hamilton is designed for use by large airplanes on overseas flights, and includes a 10,006 ft × 200 ft (3,050 m × 61 m) asphalt runway with centreline lighting for low-visibility operations, and a smaller 6,010 ft × 150 ft (1,832 m × 46 m) asphalt runway. It is classified as an airport of entry by Nav Canada and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). As Canada’s “largest overnight express cargo airport,”[6] Hamilton handles large cargo operations with aircraft such as the Boeing 747 or Antonov An-124. The Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum is located adjacent to the airport.

History[edit]

From beginning to 1980s[edit]

Map of the airport

Hamilton's first airport was the Hamilton Municipal Airport at Reid Avenue North and Dunsmure Road (site of Roxborough Park) in 1929. It began as the home to the Hamilton Aeroclub. The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) became a major user of the airport in the 1930s, but the airport closed in the 1950s to make way for residential development.[7]

In 1940, Mount Hope Airport was opened and became the site of RCAF Station Hamilton. During World War II, the field hosted two units for the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan: first, No. 10 Elementary Flying Training School (later moved to RCAF Station Pendleton) using the De Havilland Tiger Moth and Fleet Finch, then No. 33 Air Navigation School using the Avro Anson. After the war, the airport gradually shifted towards civil use, until the military ceased using it as a base for Air Reserve operations in 1964.

From 1969 to 1985, Nordair offered jet service from Hamilton to Montreal, Grand Bahama Island and Windsor.[8] City Express flew to Montreal and Ottawa for three months in 1985. Tempus Air offered same route as City Express from 1986 to 1988. USAir began service to Pittsburgh in 1987. By 1988, Pan Am Express flew to New York City and Nationair flew to London, England. Pan Am Express and Nationair stopped their operations at Hamilton in the following year. Canadian Partner began service to Montreal and Ottawa in 1989.

1990s[edit]

Canadian Partner's service to Montreal and Ottawa ended in 1991.[8] In the same year, Pem-Air and Air Laurentian offered service to Ottawa but both airlines stopped the route in 1993. Northwest Airlink offered flights to Detroit from 1992 to 1993. There was no scheduled passenger service until Greyhound Air flew to Hamilton in 1996 before the company folded in 1997.

From 2000 and onwards[edit]

In 2000 WestJet expanded to Canada's eastern region, choosing Hamilton as the airline's eastern region hub,[8] and flying to destinations from Newfoundland and Labrador to British Columbia. Continental Airlines also offered service to Cleveland in 2000 but stopped in the same year. In April 2004, seeking to compete with Air Canada for business travellers, WestJet moved its eastern hub from Hamilton to Toronto Pearson International Airport. While Hamilton retained flights to many destinations, services between Hamilton and Montreal and Ottawa were ended. In the wake of the WestJet pullout, CanJet began service to Hamilton in 2003. Then in the spring of 2005, two weeks after Air Canada Jazz announced it would enter the local market with service from Hamilton to Montreal and Ottawa, CanJet announced a complete withdrawal from Hamilton. Citing high fuel prices, Air Canada Jazz withdrew its services from Hamilton airport to Montreal and Ottawa by 2008.[9] From 2007 to 2009, Flyglobespan offered seasonal service to the United Kingdom, including Liverpool, Manchester and Doncaster. In 2010, WestJet cut two-thirds of its flights out of Hamilton. The only remaining service by WestJet was one daily service to Calgary.[8] In 2015, Air Canada Rouge planned to begin daily service to Calgary by June 2015 but the launch was delayed and ultimately cancelled.

In 2007, YVR Airport Services (now Vantage Airport Group), which runs the Vancouver International Airport, took over 100 per cent ownership of TradePort International in a $13-million deal. In late 2007, Trade Port Co. and Citi Corp. bought land from the city of Hamilton to expand runway 06/24 to 9,000 ft (2,743 m). This is expected to happen sometime between 2015 and 2019.[10] Hamilton saw growth as Air Canada resumed daily flights to Montreal in 2016 via Air Canada Express and WestJet adding service to Edmonton, Halifax, Nova Scotia and Winnipeg. In 2018, ultra-low-cost carriers including Flair Airlines, Canada Jetlines and Swoop chose Hamilton as a hub for service to the Greater Toronto region.

The Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) and the federal government of Canada launched plans for an international airport in Toronto's neighbouring city of Pickering, Ontario to act as a reliever for Toronto Pearson International Airport, claiming that Hamilton is too far from the city of Toronto. Opposition to the plan argue that the reliever airports for Logan International Airport in Boston (T.F. Green State Airport in Providence, Rhode Island and Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester, New Hampshire) are used effectively despite being further from the Boston city centre than Hamilton is from Downtown Toronto.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air Canada Express Montréal–Trudeau
Air Transat Seasonal: Cancún, Cayo Coco, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Varadero
Flair Airlines Edmonton, Winnipeg
Seasonal: Halifax, Victoria
Sunwing Airlines Seasonal: Punta Cana,[11] Varadero
Swoop Abbotsford (begins June 20, 2018), Edmonton (begins June 25, 2018), Halifax (begins June 20, 2018), Winnipeg (begins June 25, 2018)
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton (ends June 24, 2018), Halifax (ends June 19, 2018), Winnipeg (ends June 24, 2018)
Seasonal: Las Vegas,[12] Orlando, Vancouver

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations Refs
Cargojet Airways Calgary, Cincinnati, Cologne/Bonn, Edmonton, Halifax, Moncton, Montréal–Mirabel, Ottawa, St. John's, Vancouver, Winnipeg
Castle Aviation Akron/Canton, Cleveland
DHL Aviation Cincinnati
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Purolator Courier Akron, Cincinnati, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Montréal–Mirabel
SkyLink Express Kingston, Louisville, Muskoka, New York–JFK, North Bay, Sault Ste. Marie, Sudbury, Windsor
UPS Airlines Louisville

Ground transportation[edit]

The airport is located on Highway 6, which provides a direct route via Highway 403 to Brantford in the west, Toronto in the east and Guelph in the north. King Shuttle is a chartered shuttle bus service from the airport to Toronto Pearson International Airport and Toronto Union Station. Hamilton Street Railway's (HSR) bus route 20 A-Line Express operates limited-stop weekday rush hour service to Hamilton GO Centre in downtown Hamilton.[13]

Aviation institutions[edit]

The aviation programs of Mohawk College have facilities at the airport. As of 2017 the learning facilities include an electricity lab, a hangar, airport apron and two classrooms. Golden Horseshoe Aviation (GHA) is a flight school based at the Jetport facilities.[14]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

List of airports in the Greater Toronto Area

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport at Wikimedia Commons