Hamilton Hill, Western Australia
Perth, Western Australia
|Population||9,257 (2006 census)|
|• Density||1,172/km2 (3,035/sq mi)|
|Area||7.9 km2 (3.1 sq mi)|
|LGA(s)||City of Cockburn|
|State electorate(s)||Fremantle, Willagee|
The earliest known settler at Hamilton Hill was Sydney Smith, the agent of Captain George Robb. Robb arrived in Western Australia in 1830 and took up land south of Fremantle. During the next twelve months Smith was actively engaged in establishing Robb's farm. In a letter dated 27 August 1830, he gives his address as Hamilton Hill. The origin of the name, and whether it was Robb or Smith who did the naming, remains uncertain but the area has been known as such ever since.
In 1860 Charles Alexander Manning bought 364 ha (900 acres) of Robb's land, and six years later built Davilak House for his son Lucius Manning. The house of twelve rooms, was built using convict labour and was owned by the Manning family until they abandoned it in the late 1950s. It burnt down in 1960, and after this the Shire of Cockburn took over the administration of the whole estate.
A second homestead was built in 1920 by the eldest daughter of Lucius Manning, Azelia Ley. She had married John Morgan Ley in 1900, and after he died in 1927 she continued to maintain the family farm. This house became derelict after Azelia died in 1954, but was restored by the Historical Society of Cockburn in 1983 and now serves as a comprehensive Azelia Ley Homestead Museum of artefacts pertaining to the Cockburn district.
Hamilton Hill has three public primary schools, East Hamilton Hill Primary School, Phoenix Primary School and Southwell Primary School, and one independent combined primary and secondary school, Fremantle Christian College. With the merger of the long-serving public Hamilton Senior High School with a nearby school and closure of the site in late 2017, Fremantle Christian College remains the only mainstream secondary school in Hamilton Hill.
Manning Reserve is a 900-acre (3.6 km2) reserve in southwestern Hamilton Hill. Its name comes from the family who were well known in the area from 1859 onwards.
Randwick Stable, Hamilton Hill, is a heritage listed, working horse stable that adjoins Clontarf Hill another landmark in Hamilton Hill. The stables complex was erected in the 1920s for Frederick Charles John "Jack" Marks, one of the prominent horse-racing Marks family.
Horse racing played an integral role in the development of South Fremantle and Hamilton Hill with the first horse races in the Swan River Colony held at South Beach on 3 October 1833. Horse stables were a characteristic feature in residential areas located near South Beach. At the height of the horse racing industry it is believed 400 horses were stabled in the area and trained at South Beach.
Randwick Stables comprises a series of paddocks, a timber framed bungalow, stables, laundry stone well, water closet and metal clad stables.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Hamilton Hill (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 October 2008.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of metropolitan suburb names – H". Retrieved 30 May 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- The Historical Society of Cockburn, Azelia Ley Homestead Museum pamphlet
- Information board at Davilak House ruins
- "Azelia Ley Homestead Museum". City of Cockburn. Retrieved 1 November 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Department of Land Information. StreetSmart Perth Street Directory (54th ed.). West Australian Newspapers Ltd. pp. Maps 430-431, 460–461. ISBN 978-0-909439-67-5.
- Hiatt, Bethany (13 December 2017). "Final siren signals end of era for high school". The West Australian. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
- Nevill, Simon (2001). Travellers guide to the Parks and Reserves of Western Australia. Simon Nevill Publications. ISBN 0-9585367-1-6.
- Call (Perth, WA : 1920 - 1927) Fri 21 Jan 1927 Page 10 "Randwick," the Home of Wagga and Others