Hamilton West (New Zealand electorate)

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Hamilton West electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Hamilton West is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate. It has been held by Tim Macindoe MP[1] of the National Party since the 2008 general election.

Hamilton West is regarded as New Zealand's bellwether seat. In 15 of the 16 general elections since the electorate's creation, the party that has gone on to form the government has won Hamilton West. The sole exception was in 1993, when Labour won the electorate but National formed the government (albeit with a one-seat majority).

Population centres[edit]

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.[2] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election.[3] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created (including Hamilton West) and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Hamilton).[4] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[5] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered.[6] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.[3]

The former Hamilton electorate had existed since 1922 and had covered the urban area.[7] When it was replaced by Hamilton West for the 1969 election, only part of the urban area was included but also rural land stretching all the way to the west coast.[8] Most of the rural land had previously been part of the Waipa electorate.[9] The town of Raglan was the north-western point of the electorate, and was surprisingly not located in the Raglan electorate. In the south-west, the electorate stretched as far as just north of the Kāwhia Harbour.[8]

The 1972 electoral redistribution significantly reduced the size of the Hamilton West electorate, and all the rural land mostly transferred to the Raglan electorate.[10] The additional electorate of Hamilton East was created at the same time. These changes came into effect with the 1972 election[11] and since then, the electorate has been mainly urban, and has covered the western part of the city of Hamilton. The Waikato River divides the city in half and forms the boundary between the Hamilton East and Hamilton West electorates. Hamilton West also borders the rural electorates of Waikato to the north and west, and Taranaki-King Country to the south.

History[edit]

The first representative of Hamilton West was Leslie Munro of the National Party, who had since the 1969 election represented the Waipa electorate.[12] When Hamilton West became an urban electorate in 1972, Munro retired and the electorate was won by Dorothy Jelicich of the Labour Party.[13] Jelicich was defeated after one term in the 1975 election by National's Mike Minogue.[14]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and started at general elections.

Key

 National    Labour    NZ First  

Election Winner
1969 election Leslie Munro
1972 election Dorothy Jelicich
1975 election Mike Minogue
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election Trevor Mallard
1987 election
1990 election Grant Thomas
1993 election Martin Gallagher
1996 election Bob Simcock
1999 election Martin Gallagher
2002 election
2005 election
2008 election Tim Macindoe
2011 election
2014 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Hamilton West electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Neil Kirton
1999 election Bob Simcock
2002 election Bill Gudgeon
2011 election Sue Moroney
2014 election

Election results[edit]

2014 election[edit]

General election, 2014: Hamilton West[15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Tim Macindoe 17,382 52.50 −0.76 16,072 47.51 −0.23
Labour Sue Moroney 11,598 35.03 −4.03 8,649 25.57 −3.58
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 2,269 6.85 +0.87 3,644 10.77 +3.05
Conservative Tony McKenna 923 2.79 +0.40 1,571 4.64 +1.45
Māori Richard Te Ao 289 0.87 +0.87 190 0.56 −0.03
Democrats Mischele Rhodes 149 0.45 +0.21 43 0.13 +0.01
ACT Sara Muti 126 0.38 +0.38 160 0.47 −0.44
Green   2,765 8.17 −0.67
Internet Mana   242 0.72 +0.36[a]
Legalise Cannabis   171 0.51 −0.04
United Future   87 0.26 −0.45
Ban 1080   38 0.11 +0.11
Civilian   18 0.05 +0.05
Independent Coalition   13 0.04 +0.04
Focus   7 0.02 +0.02
Informal votes 373 159
Total Valid votes 33,109 33,829
Turnout 33,988 75.22 +3.03
National hold Majority 5,784 17.47 +3.28

2011 election[edit]

General election, 2011: Hamilton West[16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Tim Macindoe 16,587 53.26 +4.47 15,300 47.74 +1.76
Labour Sue Moroney 12,169 39.07 -4.83 9,342 29.15 -6.50
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 1,294 4.16 +4.16 2,475 7.72 +3.44
Conservative Pat Gregory 744 2.39 +2.39 1,022 3.19 +3.19
Independent Robert Curtis 159 0.51 +0.51
Independent Tim Wikiriwhi 115 0.37 +0.37
Democrats Les Port 75 0.24 +0.24 38 0.12 +0.04
Green   2,834 8.84 +3.76
ACT   292 0.91 -2.83
United Future   227 0.71 -0.41
Māori   188 0.59 -0.48
Legalise Cannabis   175 0.55 +0.10
Mana   115 0.36 +0.36
Libertarianz   31 0.10 +0.01
Alliance   10 0.03 -0.004
Informal votes 680 286
Total Valid votes 31,143 32,049
National hold Majority 4,418 14.19 +9.30

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,793[17]

2008 election[edit]

General election, 2008: Hamilton West[18][19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Tim Macindoe 16,163 48.79 +5.33 15,541 45.98 +5.95
Labour Red XN Martin Gallagher 14,545 43.91 -2.01 12,048 35.64 -5.65
Green Dale Stevens 1,389 4.19 1,719 5.09 +1.24
ACT Ian Parker 543 1.64 +0.62 1,263 3.74 +2.13
United Future Ken Smith 218 0.66 -0.89 378 1.12 -1.73
Independent Suresh Vatsyayann 157 0.47 -0.02
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi 112 0.34 +0.19 31 0.09 +0.05
NZ First   1,449 4.29 -3.18
Māori   360 1.07 -0.40
Bill and Ben   264 0.78
Kiwi   196 0.58
Progressive   189 0.56 +0.49
Legalise Cannabis   150 0.44 -0.18
Family Party   120 0.36
Pacific   32 0.09
Democrats   25 0.07 ±0.00
Workers Party   17 0.05
Alliance   12 0.04 +0.01
RONZ   4 0.01
RAM   2 0.01
Informal votes 347 188
Total Valid votes 33,127 33,800
Turnout 34,268 78.63 -1.59
National gain from Labour Majority 1,618 4.88 +7.34

2005 election[edit]

General election, 2005: Hamilton West[20]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Martin Gallagher 15,396 45.92 -2.61 14,097 41.29 -0.33
National Tim Macindoe 14,571 43.46 +10.01 13,664 40.03 +19.03
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 1,847 5.51 -1.43 2,549 7.47 -4.24
United Future Robyn Jackson 521 1.55 -1.54 974 2.85 -3.98
Māori Tureiti Moxon 379 1.13 229 0.67
ACT Stephen Cox 342 1.02 -3.31 550 1.61 -6.51
Progressive Sukhdev Bains 215 0.64 -0.14 358 1.05 -0.14
Independent Suresh Vatsyayann 165 0.49
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi 50 0.15 -0.11 15 0.04
RONZ Jack Gielen 43 0.13 13 0.04
Green   1,313 3.85 -1.87
Destiny   159 0.47
Legalise Cannabis   89 0.26 -0.28
Christian Heritage   56 0.16 -1.19
Democrats   24 0.07
Family Rights   14 0.04
Direct Democracy   11 0.03
Alliance   10 0.03 -0.77
One NZ   7 0.02 -0.03
99 MP   6 0.02
Informal votes 300 138
Total Valid votes 33,529 34,138
Turnout 34,489 80.22 +5.06
Labour hold Majority 825 2.46 -16.05

2002 election[edit]

General election, 2002: Hamilton West[21]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Martin Gallagher 14,614 48.53 12,715 41.62
National Bob Simcock 9,040 30.02 6,415 21.00
NZ First Bill Gudgeon 2,091 6.94 3,577 11.71
ACT Garry Mallett 1,304 4.33 2,481 8.12
Green Chris Norton-Brown 1,203 3.99 1,748 5.72
United Future Martyn Seddon 932 3.09 2,087 6.83
Christian Heritage Eleanor Goodall 454 1.51 412 1.35
Progressive Rob Shirley 234 0.78 379 1.24
Alliance Craig A. Wills 164 0.54 243 0.80
Libertarianz Timothy Wikiriwhi 79 0.26
ORNZ   298 0.98
Legalise Cannabis   164 0.54
One NZ   15 0.05
Mana Māori   14 0.05
NMP   4 0.01
Informal votes 265 142
Total Valid votes 30,115 30,552
Turnout 30,877 75.16
Labour hold Majority 5,574 18.51

1999 election[edit]

General election, 1999: Hamilton West[22]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Martin Gallagher 14,147 44.57 11,769 36.75
National Red XN Bob Simcock 12,518 39.43 10,491 32.76
Alliance Dave MacPherson 1,667 5.25 2,604 8.13
ACT Garry Mallett 1,148 3.62 2,414 7.54
NZ First Athol Gould 957 3.01 1,376 4.30
Christian Heritage Eleanor Goodall 888 2.80 901 2.81
Independent Pita Cammock 248 0.78
Mauri Pacific Fa'amatuainu Iakopo 134 0.42 38 0.12
Mana Wahine Avon Johnson 37 0.12
Green   1,366 4.27
Future NZ   329 1.03
Legalise Cannabis   298 0.93
Libertarianz   115 0.36
United NZ   103 0.32
McGillicuddy Serious   76 0.24
Animals First   60 0.19
One NZ   41 0.13
Natural Law   15 0.05
Mana Māori   13 0.04
People's Choice 6 0.02
NMP   5 0.02
Freedom Movement 3 0.01
Republican   2 0.01
South Island   1 0.00
Informal votes 571 322
Total Valid votes 31,744 32,026
Turnout 33,038 84.06
Labour gain from National Majority 1,629 5.13


1996 election[edit]

General election, 1996: Hamilton West[23][24][25]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Bob Simcock 12,696 38.73 12,584 38.23
Labour Red XN Martin Gallagher 12,099 36.91 8,754 26.59
NZ First Neil Kirton 3,861 11.78 4,459 13.55
Alliance John Pemberton 1,738 5.30 2,651 8.05
Christian Coalition Eleanor Goodall 1,043 3.18 1,735 5.27
ACT Garry Mallett 725 2.21 1,674 5.09
McGillicuddy Serious Peter Caldwell 338 1.03 84 0.26
Progressive Green Robert Henderson 208 0.63 95 0.29
Natural Law Mike Dunn 69 0.21 53 0.16
Legalise Cannabis   457 1.39
United NZ   183 0.56
Animals First   62 0.19
Superannuitants & Youth   37 0.11
Mana Māori   32 0.10
Ethnic Minority Party 17 0.05
Green Society   17 0.05
Libertarianz   11 0.03
Advance New Zealand 8 0.02
Conservatives   3 0.01
Asia Pacific United 2 0.01
Te Tawharau 1 0.00
Informal votes 221 79
Total Valid votes 32,777 32,919
National gain from Labour Majority 597 1.82

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ New Zealand Parliament - Tim Macindoe
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  3. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 106.
  8. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 110.
  9. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 106, 110.
  10. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 110, 114, 115.
  11. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 115.
  12. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 222.
  13. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 208, 222.
  14. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 208, 220.
  15. ^ Electoral Commission (10 October 2014). "Official Count Results – Hamilton West". Retrieved 31 January 2016. 
  16. ^ Hamilton West results, 2011
  17. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 21 October 2011. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  18. ^ Official Count Results – Hamilton West
  19. ^ "Electorate Profile Hamilton West" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. July 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2009. 
  20. ^ Official Count Results – Hamilton West
  21. ^ Official Count Results – Hamilton West
  22. ^ "Electorate Profile Hamilton West" (PDF). Parliamentary Library. October 2005. Retrieved 22 September 2009. 
  23. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Hamilton West, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]