Hamirpur district, Himachal Pradesh

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Hamirpur district
Hamirpur district
Location in Himachal Pradesh
Coordinates (Hamirpur): 31.6798° N, 76.5026° E
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
DivisionMandi[1]
Established1972
HeadquartersHamirpur, Himachal Pradesh
Tehsils5+2(Sub-Tehsils)[2]
Government
 • Lok Sabha ConstituencyHamirpur
 • Lok Sabha MemberAnurag Singh Thakur[3]
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesBarsar, Hamirpur, Sujanpur, Nadaun, Bhoranj.
Area
 • Total1,118 km2 (432 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total454,768
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy90%
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationHP-22
Websitehttp://hphamirpur.nic.in/

Hamirpur district is in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The headquarters of the district are in the town of Hamirpur. With an area of 1,118 square kilometres or 432 square miles, it is the smallest district of Himachal Pradesh.

History[edit]

Carved out from Kangra District in 1972, Hamirpur District is closely associated with the Katoch dynasty. It was part of the old Jalandhar-Trigarta empire.[4] Panin referred to the people of this kingdom as great warriors and fighters. The Katoch dynasty predominated during the period of Raja Hamir Chand, who ruled from 1700 to 1740 and built the fort at Hamirpur The present town derived its name from this ruler.

Economy[edit]

The Army is the largest employer for residents of Hamirpur, who form large bulks of the Dogra Regiment, Jammu and Kashmir Rifles regiment, the Grenadiers, the Rajput regiment, Hodson's Horse and Scinde Horse. Thousand of locals also serve in the Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, and paramilitary forces. The Indian Army conducts an open army rally under the Hamirpur Army recruitment office every year, where thousands of youngsters try to join the Indian Army.

Geography[edit]

By-pass

Hamirpur district is situated between 31°25′N and 31°52′N and between 76°18′E and 76°44′E. Hamirpur (town), the district headquarters, is situated at an altitude of 780 m with the highest point being the Awah Devi peak at an altitude of 1250 m.

Agriculture in District Hamirpur at Village Tikkar Buhla
Shivalik Ranges in Dimmi
Old Houses in District Hamirpur

The district shares borders with the neighbouring districts of Mandi to the east, Bilaspur to the south, Una to the west, and Kangra to the north. The River Beas separates Hamirpur from Kangra and is a parent river to two tributaries, namely Maan Khad and Kunah Khad ('Khad' is a word used to describe a rivulet) flowing across either side of Hamirpur district, to the adjacent Sutlej. Hamirpur district has a considerable amount of pine forests and it is also surrounded by Shivalik Ranges. Hamirpur is also home to mango trees.

Climate[edit]

Near Chauri, Hamirpur

Hamirpur has the quintessential 'hill-station' weather found in most of Himachal Pradesh. During winter, the climate is very cold. Woollen clothing is required from August up to the end of March. During summers, the temperature often crosses 40 °C and cotton is recommended. It does not normally snow in the district but in January 2012 (after 44 years) and February 2019 some parts of Hamirpur district were reported to receive moderate snowfall.

Divisions[edit]

The divisions Hamirpur, Barsar, Nadaun, Sujanpur and Bhoranj comprise the district.

Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India

Hamirpur district divided into 8 tehsils:

  • Hamirpur Sadar
  • Nadaun
  • Sujanpur
  • Badsar
  • Bhoranj
  • Tauni devi

Dhatwal (Bijhari) Galore Lamblu(sub tehsil) K[5]

There are five Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Barsar, Hamirpur, Sujanpur, Nadaun and Bhoranj. All of these are part of the Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh Lok Sabha constituency.

Demographics[edit]

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Religion in Hamirpur district (2011)[6]

  Hinduism (99.05%)
  Islam (0.72%)
  Sikhism (0.13%)
  Buddhism (0.02%)
  Jainism (0.06%)
  Not Stated (0.09%)

According to the 2011 census, Hamirpur district has a population of 454,768, giving it a rank of 550th-largest in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 407 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,050/sq mi), the highest in the state. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 10.19%. Hamirpur has a sex ratio of 1095 (i.e.- females for every 1000 males) again highest in the state, and a literacy rate of 88.15%, the highest in the state.[7] A majority of the people in this district serve in the defense services, thus also known as “Veer Bhoomi” (English: Land of the heroes).[8]

At the 2011 Census of India, 76% of the population declared their first language to be Pahari, 14.1% chose Hindi, 3.55% – Kangri, and 0.75% – Dogri.[9]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901160,374—    
1911157,251−0.20%
1921157,319+0.00%
1931165,837+0.53%
1941188,804+1.31%
1951191,311+0.13%
1961220,341+1.42%
1971264,991+1.86%
1981317,751+1.83%
1991369,128+1.51%
2001412,700+1.12%
2011454,768+0.98%
source:[10]

Politics[edit]

No. Constituency Member Party Remarks Reference
36 Bhoranj (SC) Kamlesh Kumari Bharatiya Janata Party
37 Sujanpur Rajinder Rana Indian National Congress
38 Hamirpur Narinder Thakur Bhartiya Janata Party
39 Barsar Inder Dutt Lakhanpal Indian National Congress
40 Nadaun Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu Indian National Congress

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Us - Revenue Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh".
  2. ^ "Tehsils in Hamirpur District, Himachal Pradesh".
  3. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha".
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Tehsils in Hamirpur District, Himachal Pradesh".
  6. ^ "Hamirpur district Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  7. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  8. ^ "About District | District Hamirpur, Government of Himachal Pradesh - INDIA | India". Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  9. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°38′N 76°31′E / 31.633°N 76.517°E / 31.633; 76.517