Hamirpur district, Himachal Pradesh

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Hamirpur district
Location of Hamirpur district in Himachal Pradesh
Location of Hamirpur district in Himachal Pradesh
Coordinates (Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh): 31.6798° N, 76.5026° E
Country India
State Himachal Pradesh
DivisionMandi[1]
Established1972
HeadquartersHamirpur, Himachal Pradesh
Tehsils5+2(Sub-Tehsils)[2]
Government
 • Lok sabha ConstituencyHamirpur
 • Lok Sabha MemberAnurag Singh Thakur[3]
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesBarsar, Hamirpur, Sujanpur, Nadaun, Bhoranj.
Area
 • Total1,118 km2 (432 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total454,768
 • Density410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy90%
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationHP-22
Websitehttp://hphamirpur.nic.in/

Hamirpur district is in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The headquarters of the district are in the town of Hamirpur. With an area of 1,118 square kilometres or 432 square miles, it is the smallest district of Himachal Pradesh.

History[edit]

Carved out from Kangra District in 1972, Hamirpur District is closely associated with the Katoch dynasty. It was part of the old Jalandhar-Trigarta empire.[4] Panin referred to the people of this kingdom as great warriors and fighters. The Katoch dynasty predominated during the period of Raja Hamir Chand, who ruled from 1700 to 1740 and built the fort at Hamirpur The present town derived its name from this ruler.

Economy[edit]

The Army is the largest employer for residents of Hamirpur, who form large bulks of the Dogra Regiment, Jammu and Kashmir Rifles regiment, the Grenadiers, the Rajput regiment, Hodson's Horse and Scinde Horse. Thousand of locals also serve in the Indian Air Force, Indian Navy, and paramilitary forces. The Indian Army conducts an open army rally under the Hamirpur Army recruitment office every year, where thousands of youngsters try to join the Indian Army.

Geography[edit]

By-pass

Hamirpur district is situated between 31°25′N and 31°52′N and between 76°18′E and 76°44′E. Hamirpur (town), the district headquarters, is situated at an altitude of 780 m.

Agriculture in District Hamirpur at Village Tikkar Buhla
Shivalik Ranges in Dimmi
Old Houses in District Hamirpur

The district shares borders with the neighboring districts of Mandi to the east, Bilaspur to the south, Una to the west, and Kangra to the north. The River Beas separates Hamirpur from Kangra and is a parent river to two tributaries, namely Maan Khad and Kunah Khad ('Khad' is a word used to describe a rivulet) flowing across either side of Hamirpur district, to the adjacent Sutlej. Hamirpur district has a considerable amount of pine forests and it is also surrounded by Shivalik Ranges. Hamirpur is also home to mango trees.

Climate[edit]

Near Chauri, Hamirpur

Hamirpur has the quintessential 'hill-station' weather found in most of Himachal Pradesh. During winter, the climate is cold. Woolen clothing is required after August up to the end of March. During summers, the temperature often crosses 40 °C, and cottons are recommended. It does not normally snow in the district but in January 2012 (after 44 years) and February 2019 some parts of Hamirpur district were reported to receive moderate snowfall.

Divisions[edit]

The divisions Hamirpur, Barsar, Nadaun, Sujanpur and Bhoranj comprise the district.

Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh, India
Religions in Hamirpur District
Religion Percent
Hindus
98.82%
Muslims
0.82%

Hamirpur district divided into 8tehsils:

  • Hamirpur Sadar
  • Nadaun
  • Sujanpur
  • Badsar
  • Bhoranj
  • Tauni devi

Dhatwal (Bijhari) Galore Lamblu(sub tehsil) K[5]

There are five Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Barsar, Hamirpur, Sujanpur, Nadaun and Bhoranj. All of these are part of the Hamirpur Lok Sabha constituency.

Demography[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Hamirpur district has a population of 454,768, giving it a rank of 550th-largest in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 407 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,050/sq mi), the highest in the state. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 10.19%. Hamirpur has a sex ratio of 1095 (i.e.- females for every 1000 males) again highest in the state, and a literacy rate of 88.15%, the highest in the state.[6] A majority of the people in this district serve in the defense services, thus also known as “Veer Bhoomi” (English: Land of the heroes).[7]

At the 2011 Census of India, 76% of the population declared their first language to be Pahari, 14.1% chose Hindi, 3.55% – Kangri, and 0.75% – Dogri.[8]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901160,374—    
1911157,251−0.20%
1921157,319+0.00%
1931165,837+0.53%
1941188,804+1.31%
1951191,311+0.13%
1961220,341+1.42%
1971264,991+1.86%
1981317,751+1.83%
1991369,128+1.51%
2001412,700+1.12%
2011454,768+0.98%
source:[9]


References[edit]

  1. ^ https://himachal.nic.in/index1.php?lang=1&dpt_id=13&level=0&linkid=321&lid=627
  2. ^ https://www.census2011.co.in/data/district/234-hamirpur-himachal-pradesh.html
  3. ^ http://loksabhaph.nic.in/Members/MemberHomePage.aspx?mpsno=4249
  4. ^ http://dcmsme.gov.in/dips/DIP%20Hamirpur.pdf
  5. ^ https://www.census2011.co.in/data/district/234-hamirpur-himachal-pradesh.html
  6. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  7. ^ "About District | District Hamirpur, Government of Himachal Pradesh - INDIA | India". Retrieved 5 December 2020.
  8. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  9. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°38′N 76°31′E / 31.633°N 76.517°E / 31.633; 76.517