Hamit Kaplan

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Hamit Kaplan
Medal record
Men's Freestyle Wrestling
Representing  Turkey
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place 1956 Melbourne, Australia Heavyweight
Silver medal – second place 1960 Rome, Italy Heavyweight
Bronze medal – third place 1964 Tokyo, Japan Heavyweight
World Championships
Gold medal – first place 1957 Istanbul, Turkey Heavyweight
Silver medal – second place 1959 Tehran, Iran Heavyweight
Silver medal – second place 1961 Yokohama, Japan Heavyweight
Bronze medal – third place 1963 Sofia, Bulgaria Heavyweight
World Cup
Silver medal – second place 1956 Istanbul, Turkey Heavyweight
Bronze medal – third place 1958 Sofia, Bulgaria Heavyweight
Mediterranean Games
Gold medal – first place 1959 Beirut, Lebanon Heavyweight
Gold medal – first place 1963 Naples, Italy Heavyweight
Balkan Championships
Silver medal – second place 1960 Burgas, Bulgaria Heavyweight
Olympic medal record
Men's Greco-Roman Wrestling
World Championships
Bronze medal – third place 1955 Karlsruhe, Germany Heavyweight
Bronze medal – third place 1958 Budapest, Hungary Heavyweight
Silver medal – second place 1961 Yokohama, Japan Heavyweight
Bronze medal – third place 1963 Helsingborg, Sweden Heavyweight
World Cup
Gold medal – first place 1956 Istanbul, Turkey Heavyweight
Mediterranean Games
Gold medal – first place 1959 Barcelona, Spain Heavyweight
Balkan Championships
Silver medal – second place 1965 Yambol, Bulgaria Heavyweight

Hamit Kaplan (20 September 1934 – 5 January 1976) was a Turkish World and Olympic champion sports wrestler of Circassian descent in the Heavyweight class. He won the gold, silver and bronze medal in men's freestyle wrestling at three consecutive Olympic Games in 1956, 1960 and 1964.

Born in Hamamözü town in Amasya Province, he began wrestling as a youngster in the traditional Turkish sport Yağlı güreş (oil wrestling). Soon, he switched over to sports wrestling and became juniors champion in the Heavyweight class. Hamit Kaplan was admitted to the national team in 1954 and was trained by the renowned wrestler Celal Atik for his skill. Already at his age of 22, he represented Turkey at the World Championships held in Karlsruhe, Germany and ranked 3rd in the Greco-Roman style.

Besides three Olympic medals, he won many more titles at international competitions both in freestyle and Greco-Roman category. Hamit Kaplan, weighing 100 kg at his 1.90 m height, was a defensive wrestler, who finished much of his matches in draw.

Hamit Kaplan resigned after the 1964 Olympics, because he was no more match for his strong opponents like Hungarian István Kozma, Soviet Russians Aleksandr Ivanitsky and Aleksandr Medved. He was 175 times international for his country.

He died on 5 January 1976, at the age of only 41, following a traffic accident in Çorum. He was laid to rest in his hometown Hamamözü. A sports hall with 1,000 seats in Amasya and another small one in Hamamözü are named after him.[1]

Achievements[edit]

  • 1955 Mediterranean Games in Barcelona, Spain - gold (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1955 World Wrestling Championships in Karlsruhe, Germany - bronze (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1956 World Cup in Istanbul, Turkey - silver (Freestyle Heavyweight), gold (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, Australia - gold (Freestyle Heavyweight), 4th (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1957 World Championships in Istanbul, Turkey - gold (Freestyle Heavyweight)
  • 1958 World Cup in Sofia, Bulgaria - bronze (Freestyle Heavyweight)
  • 1958 World Championships in Budapest, Hungary - bronze (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1959 Mediterranean Games in Beirut, Lebanon - gold (Freestyle Heavyweight)
  • 1959 World Championships in Tehran, Iran - silver (Freestyle Heavyweight)
  • 1960 Balkan Championships in Burgas, Bulgaria - silver (Freestyle Heavyweight)
  • 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy - silver (Freestyle Heavyweight)
  • 1961 World Championships in Yokohama, Japan - silver (Freestyle Heavyweight), silver (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1962 World Championships in Toledo, Ohio, United States - 4th (Freestyle Heavyweight), 4th (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1963 Mediterranean Games in Naples, Italy - gold (Freestyle Heavyweight)
  • 1963 World Championships in Sofia, Bulgaria - bronze (Freestyle Heavyweight)
  • 1963 World Championships in Helsingborg, Denmark - bronze (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan - bronze (Freestyle Heavyweight), 10th (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)
  • 1965 Balkan Championships in Yambol, Bulgaria - silver (Greco-Roman Heavyweight)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Governor of Amasya official website (Turkish)