Hamlin, Texas

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Hamlin, Texas
Strauss Dry Goods Co. storefront, which has been converted into a public park, and adjoining building
Strauss Dry Goods Co. storefront, which has been converted into a public park, and adjoining building
Location of Hamlin, Texas
Location of Hamlin, Texas
Jones County Hamlin.svg
Coordinates: 32°53′12″N 100°7′31″W / 32.88667°N 100.12528°W / 32.88667; -100.12528Coordinates: 32°53′12″N 100°7′31″W / 32.88667°N 100.12528°W / 32.88667; -100.12528
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountiesJones, Fisher
Year established1907
Government
 • Mayor Pro TemGary Morgenson
Area
 • Total5.30 sq mi (13.72 km2)
 • Land5.29 sq mi (13.69 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
1,722 ft (525 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,124
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
2,021
 • Density382.26/sq mi (147.58/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
79520
Area code325
FIPS code48-31964[3]
GNIS feature ID1337284[4]
Downtown Hamlin near sunset

Hamlin is a city in Jones and Fisher Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 2,124 at the 2010 census,[5] and in 2018, the estimated population was 1,997.[6] The Jones County portion of Hamlin is part of the Abilene, Texas metropolitan area.

History[edit]

The city was named for W. H. Hamlin, a railroad official of the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway.[7] The Orient reached Hamlin in 1906[7] and was followed by the Texas Central Railroad within a few years and by the Abilene and Southern Railroad in 1910. The arrival of the railroad was announced in 1902, and the first train arrived in 1906. The county's first gypsum plant was constructed 6 miles (10 km) outside of Hamlin in 1903. Business boomed with the rail service, and the town included gins, a cottonseed oil mill, and a number of other businesses. Oil was discovered in 1928, which also contributed to the economy.[7] The Hamlin Herald was first published in 1906[7] and is still in print.[8] Hamlin later gained its first and only hospital, Hamlin Memorial Hospital, in 1948; it is operated by Hamlin Hospital District and owns Hamlin Medical Clinic.

Geography[edit]

Hamlin is located in northwestern Jones County at 32°53′12″N 100°7′31″W / 32.88667°N 100.12528°W / 32.88667; -100.12528 (32.886690, –100.125207).[9] The city limits extend west into Fisher County, although no people lived in this portion as of 2010.[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 square miles (13.7 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2), or 0.20%, is covered by water.[5]

U.S. Route 83 passes through the center of Hamlin as Central Avenue, leading north 18 miles (29 km) to Aspermont and southeast 17 miles (27 km) to Anson, the Jones County seat. Abilene is 42 miles (68 km) to the southeast. Texas State Highway 92 crosses Hamlin as Lake Drive, leading east 20 miles (32 km) to Stamford and west 20 miles to Rotan.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19101,978
19201,633−17.4%
19302,82873.2%
19402,406−14.9%
19503,56948.3%
19603,7916.2%
19703,325−12.3%
19803,248−2.3%
19902,791−14.1%
20002,248−19.5%
20102,124−5.5%
2019 (est.)2,021[2]−4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2020 census[edit]

Hamlin racial composition[12]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 1,054 57.56%
Black or African American (NH) 109 5.95%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 9 0.49%
Asian (NH) 15 0.82%
Some Other Race (NH) 6 0.33%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 48 2.62%
Hispanic or Latino 590 32.22%
Total 1,831

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 1,831 people, 730 households, and 528 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, 2,248 people, 924 households, and 623 families resided in the city. The population density was 422.4 people per square mile (163.1/km2). The 1,090 housing units averaged 204.8 per square mile (79.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 79.58% White, 6.23% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 11.48% from other races, and 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 20.69% of the population.

Of the 924 households, 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were not families. About 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was distributed as 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,873, and for a family was $33,667. Males had a median income of $25,887 versus $16,350 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,308. About 13.7% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 21.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Hamlin Independent School District and is home to the Hamlin High School Pied Pipers.[15]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Hamlin has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hamlin city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 27, 2018.[dead link]
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 21, 2019.
  7. ^ a b c d Historical marker
  8. ^ "Display Newspaper Details". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hamlin city (part), Fisher County, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved August 25, 2016.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-20.
  13. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  14. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  15. ^ http://www.hamlin.esc14.net/
  16. ^ Climate Summary for Hamlin, Texas
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[13][14]