Hamlin County, South Dakota

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Hamlin County, South Dakota
Hamlin County Courthouse Hayti.jpg
Hamlin County Courthouse in Hayti in 1974
Map of South Dakota highlighting Hamlin County
Location in the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded 1878
Named for Hannibal Hamlin
Seat Hayti
Largest city Estelline
Area
 • Total 538 sq mi (1,393 km2)
 • Land 507 sq mi (1,313 km2)
 • Water 31 sq mi (80 km2), 5.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 6,028
 • Density 5.7/sq mi (2.2/km2)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5

Hamlin County is a county located in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,903.[1] Its county seat is Hayti.[2] The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1878.[3] It was named in honor of Hannibal Hamlin, Lincoln's first vice-president.[4]

Geography[edit]

Soils of Hamlin County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 538 square miles (1,390 km2), of which 507 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 31 square miles (80 km2) (5.7%) is water.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880693
18904,623567.1%
19005,94528.6%
19107,47525.7%
19208,0547.7%
19308,2993.0%
19407,562−8.9%
19507,058−6.7%
19606,303−10.7%
19705,172−17.9%
19805,2611.7%
19904,974−5.5%
20005,54011.4%
20105,9036.6%
Est. 20175,948[6]0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 5,540 people, 2,048 households, and 1,452 families residing in the county. The population density was 11 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 2,626 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.48% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.7% were of German, 21.8% Norwegian, 13.0% Finnish and 7.6% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English, 2.6% German and 1.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 2,048 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.50% were married couples living together, 4.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.40% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 24.00% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,851, and the median income for a family was $41,511. Males had a median income of $28,446 versus $21,412 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,982. About 7.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 14.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 5,903 people, 2,108 households, and 1,483 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 11.6 inhabitants per square mile (4.5/km2). There were 2,760 housing units at an average density of 5.4 per square mile (2.1/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 96.7% white, 0.3% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 1.8% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.5% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 42.3% were German, 24.0% were Norwegian, 7.0% were English, 6.1% were Irish, 5.4% were Dutch, and 5.3% were American.[14]

Of the 2,108 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families, and 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.28. The median age was 36.8 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,439 and the median income for a family was $54,483. Males had a median income of $36,921 versus $24,645 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,558. About 4.9% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into thirteen townships:

  • Brantford
  • Castlewood
  • Cleveland
  • Dempster
  • Dixon
  • Estelline
  • Florence
  • Garfield
  • Hamlin
  • Hayti
  • Norden
  • Opdahl
  • Oxford

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 74.3% 2,051 20.1% 555 5.7% 156
2012 64.6% 1,803 33.0% 921 2.5% 69
2008 59.6% 1,661 37.4% 1,043 3.0% 83
2004 64.6% 1,946 33.7% 1,015 1.7% 50
2000 63.6% 1,731 33.9% 923 2.5% 69
1996 49.0% 1,352 39.9% 1,101 11.1% 305
1992 41.4% 1,133 30.2% 826 28.5% 781
1988 52.1% 1,380 47.5% 1,258 0.5% 13
1984 64.5% 1,782 34.9% 963 0.6% 16
1980 62.7% 1,885 30.0% 903 7.3% 219
1976 50.7% 1,452 48.9% 1,402 0.4% 12
1972 56.9% 1,693 42.9% 1,276 0.3% 9
1968 56.4% 1,649 39.3% 1,149 4.4% 128
1964 49.4% 1,525 50.6% 1,561
1960 63.5% 2,139 36.5% 1,230
1956 61.7% 2,083 38.3% 1,294
1952 71.5% 2,391 28.5% 954
1948 54.0% 1,608 44.5% 1,326 1.5% 45
1944 64.0% 1,811 36.0% 1,020
1940 64.0% 2,279 36.0% 1,282
1936 52.3% 1,857 45.6% 1,622 2.1% 75
1932 39.2% 1,267 59.4% 1,920 1.3% 43
1928 63.2% 1,959 35.1% 1,088 1.7% 53
1924 52.4% 1,144 9.5% 207 38.1% 833
1920 63.7% 1,322 16.2% 337 20.1% 417
1916 57.8% 1,039 38.5% 692 3.7% 66
1912 0.0% 0 29.9% 474 70.1% 1,110
1908 68.6% 1,095 27.2% 434 4.3% 68
1904 75.8% 1,197 19.4% 307 4.8% 76
1900 62.8% 928 34.4% 509 2.8% 41
1896 55.1% 702 43.9% 559 1.0% 13
1892 50.8% 537 15.2% 161 34.0% 359

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 148.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 16, 2018.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-15.

Coordinates: 44°41′N 97°12′W / 44.68°N 97.20°W / 44.68; -97.20