Hammersmith (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hammersmith in Greater London.
|Electorate||70,008 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Andy Slaughter (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Hammersmith and Fulham & Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Hammersmith and Fulham & Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush|
|Created from||Hammersmith North|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Hammersmith North, Hammersmith South|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 Sources
The parliamentary borough of Hammersmith was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and consisted of the civil parish of Hammersmith (in Middlesex only until 1889 when it fell within the approximately 30,000 acres (120 km2) that became part of the County of London under the Local Government Act 1888). Like almost all seats created from 1885 it returned one Member of Parliament. This was the first parliamentary constituency to be based on the town, which from 1868–1885 was at the westernmost part of Chelsea and previously had been part of the parliamentary county of Middlesex. In 1900 the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith was formed, but this did not affect the constituency's boundaries.
The seat bordered to the west the Ealing seat, to the north the large Harrow division of Middlesex seat, to the east Kensington North and Kensington South and to the south the large Kingston division of Surrey and, to the southeast, Fulham. In 1918 the Hammersmith constituency was divided into Hammersmith North and Hammersmith South constituencies.
The second parliamentary borough constituency of Hammersmith was created in 1983. By then the area was part of Greater London and the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham (both created in 1965). The constituency consisted of ten wards of the London borough, namely Addison, Broadway, Brook Green, College Park and Old Oak, Coningham, Grove, Ravenscourt, Starch Green, White City and Shepherd's Bush, and Wormholt. The seat was entirely formed from the previous Hammersmith North constituency.
BBC Television Centre, Shepherd's Bush Market and the Hammersmith Apollo was in this version of the constituency for its 14-year existence, however Westfield London shopping centre had not yet been built.
The constituency was abolished in 1997 and mostly replaced by Hammersmith and Fulham. A northern slice of the seat became part of Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush. The new Hammersmith and Fulham constituency included the town centres of both Hammersmith and Fulham.
Boundaries from 2010
Following a review of parliamentary boundaries in North London, the Boundary Commission for England created a new Hammersmith constituency for the 2010 general election, following major changes in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The review also created new seats of Chelsea and Fulham and Kensington.
The current Hammersmith constituency is made up of ten electoral wards of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham:
- Avonmore and Brook Green
- College Park and Old Oak
- Fulham Reach
- Hammersmith Broadway
- North End
- Ravenscourt Park
- Shepherd's Bush Green
- Wormholt and White City
The constituency includes the western part of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, stretching from Wormwood Scrubs down to the River Thames. It takes in the commercial and business hub of Hammersmith itself, parts of northwestern Fulham, the western part of Earl's Court (the Exhibition Centre itself straddles the boundary between this constituency and the Kensington seat), West Kensington, Shepherd's Bush, and White City. The seat has northern areas with a much higher proportion of social housing dependency than the London average and overall this leads to the seat having slightly higher rates of unemployment and underemployment.
Members of Parliament
|1885||Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy||Conservative|
|1900||William James Bull||Conservative|
|1918||Constituency abolished: see Hammersmith North and Hammersmith South|
|1983||Clive Soley||Labour||later Baron Soley|
|1997||Constituency abolished: see Hammersmith and Fulham|
|2010||Andy Slaughter||Labour||previously MP for Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush 2005–2010|
Election results since 2010
|General Election 2015: Hammersmith|
|Liberal Democrat||Millicent Scott||2,224||4.6||-11.3|
The percentage change values were based on the 2005 notional results because this was a newly created seat.
|General Election 2010: Hammersmith|
|Liberal Democrat||Merlene Emerson||7,567||15.9||-3.0|
- * Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament for the seat of Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush
Election results 1983–1992
|General Election 1992: Hammersmith|
|Liberal Democrat||JH Bates||3,380||10.0||−5.0|
|Natural Law||KA Turner||89||0.3||+0.3|
|Anti-Federalist League||Miss H Szamuely||41||0.1||+0.1|
|General Election 1987: Hammersmith|
|Liberal||Simon Harold John Arthur Knott||5,241||14.92|
|Red Front||P.J.F. Fitzpatrick||125||0.36|
|General Election 1983: Hammersmith|
|National Front||L. Bennett||250||0.76|
|Workers Revolutionary||C. Dixon||81||0.25|
- Both Starks and Knott were official candidates of their respective local parties and both supported the Alliance between the Liberals and the SDP, however Starks was given endorsement by the both national parties.
Elections in the 1910s
|December 1910 General Election: Hammersmith|
|Conservative||Sir William James Bull||5,807||55.6||1.0|
|January 1910 General Election: Hammersmith|
|Conservative||Sir William James Bull||6,668||54.6||6.2|
Elections in the 1900s
|1906 General Election: Hammersmith|
|Conservative||Sir William James Bull||5,111||48.4||-23.2|
|Independent Labour||G. Belt||885||8.4|
|1900 General Election: Hammersmith|
|Conservative||William James Bull||5,458||71.6||10.8|
|Liberal||Michael Emil Lange||2,166||28.4||-10.8|
Elections in the 1890s
|1895 General Election: Hammersmith|
|Conservative||Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy||5,017||60.8||6.7|
|Lib-Lab||William Charles Steadman||3,238||39.2||-6.7|
|1892 General Election: Hammersmith|
|Conservative||Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy||4,387||54.1||-8.7|
|Lib-Lab||Frank Samuel Smith||3,718||45.9||8.7|
Elections in the 1880s
|1886 General Election: Hammersmith|
|Conservative||Major-Gen. Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy||3,991||62.8||4.9|
|1885 General Election: Hammersmith|
|Conservative||Major-Gen. Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy||4,264||57.9|
|Liberal||Thomas Chatfeild Clarke||3,095||42.1|
|Conservative gain from new seat||Swing|
Notes and references
- Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, (48 & 49 Vict.) c. 23, Schedule 4
- F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England, London, 1979
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No. 417)
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No. 1626)
- Hammersmith UK Polling Report
- 2001 Census
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.lbhf.gov.uk/Directory/Council_and_Democracy/Democracy_and_Elections/Electoral_services/Useful_links/195233_General_Election_7_May_2015_results.asp 3Aug15
- "9a0". Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Election 2010 – Hammersmith BBC News
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
- Debrett’s Illustrated Heraldic and Biographical House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1886
- Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1901
- Debrett’s House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1918
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber and Faber 1984)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]