Hammersmith (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hammersmith
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Hammersmith in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 70,008 (December 2010)
Current constituency
Created 2010
Member of parliament Andy Slaughter (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Hammersmith and Fulham & Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush
19831997
Number of members One
Replaced by Hammersmith and Fulham & Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush
Created from Hammersmith North
18851918
Number of members One
Replaced by Hammersmith North, Hammersmith South
Created from Chelsea
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Hammersmith is a constituency[n 1] in Greater London represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 2010 recreation by Andy Slaughter of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Boundaries 1885–1918[edit]

The parliamentary borough of Hammersmith was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and consisted of the civil parish of Hammersmith (in Middlesex only until 1889 when it fell within the approximately 30,000 acres (120 km2) that became part of the County of London under the Local Government Act 1888). Like almost all seats created from 1885 it returned one Member of Parliament.[1] This was the first parliamentary constituency to be based on the town, which from 1868–1885 was at the westernmost part of Chelsea and previously had been part of the parliamentary county of Middlesex. In 1900 the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith was formed, but this did not affect the constituency's boundaries.[2]

The seat bordered to the west the Ealing seat, to the north the large Harrow division of Middlesex seat, to the east Kensington North and Kensington South and to the south the large Kingston division of Surrey and, to the southeast, Fulham. In 1918 the Hammersmith constituency was divided into Hammersmith North and Hammersmith South constituencies.

Boundaries 1983–1997[edit]

The second parliamentary borough constituency of Hammersmith was created in 1983.[3] By then the area was part of Greater London and the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham (both created in 1965). The constituency consisted of ten wards of the London borough, namely Addison, Broadway, Brook Green, College Park and Old Oak, Coningham, Grove, Ravenscourt, Starch Green, White City and Shepherd's Bush, and Wormholt. The seat was entirely formed from the previous Hammersmith North constituency.

BBC Television Centre, Shepherd's Bush Market and the Hammersmith Apollo was in this version of the constituency for its 14-year existence, however Westfield London shopping centre had not yet been built.

The constituency was abolished in 1997 and mostly replaced by Hammersmith and Fulham. A northern slice of the seat became part of Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush. The new Hammersmith and Fulham constituency included the town centres of both Hammersmith and Fulham.[4]

Boundaries from 2010[edit]

Following a review of parliamentary boundaries in North London, the Boundary Commission for England created a new Hammersmith constituency for the 2010 general election, following major changes in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The review also created new seats of Chelsea and Fulham and Kensington.

The current Hammersmith constituency is made up of ten electoral wards of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham:

  • Addison
  • Askew
  • Avonmore and Brook Green
  • College Park and Old Oak
  • Fulham Reach
  • Hammersmith Broadway
  • North End
  • Ravenscourt Park
  • Shepherd's Bush Green
  • Wormholt and White City

The 2005 notional result was Labour 44.6%, Conservative 31.1% and Liberal Democrat 19.2%.[5]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency includes the western part of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, stretching from Wormwood Scrubs down to the River Thames. It takes in the commercial and business hub of Hammersmith itself, parts of northwestern Fulham, the western part of Earl's Court (the Exhibition Centre itself straddles the boundary between this constituency and the Kensington seat), West Kensington, Shepherd's Bush, and White City. The seat has northern areas with a much higher proportion of social housing dependency than the London average and overall this leads to the seat having slightly higher rates of unemployment and underemployment.[6]

Political history since 2010

The Labour Party candidate took a marginal majority of 7.5% of the vote in 2010. Slaughter's majority in 2015, 13.6%, made it the 156th safest of the party's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[7] In 2017, Slaughter increased his majority to 35.7%.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Walter Tuckfield Goldsworthy Conservative
1900 William Bull Conservative
1918 Constituency abolished: see Hammersmith North and Hammersmith South

MPs 1983–1997[edit]

Election Member Party Notes
1983 Clive Soley Labour later Baron Soley
1997 Constituency abolished: see Hammersmith and Fulham

MPs 2010–[edit]

Election Member Party Notes
2010 Andy Slaughter Labour previously MP for Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush 2005–2010

Election Results[edit]

Election results since 2010[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Hammersmith[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andy Slaughter 33,375 63.9 +13.9
Conservative Charlie Dewhirst 14,724 28.2 -8.2
Liberal Democrat Joyce Onstad 2,802 5.4 +0.7
Green Alex Horn 800 1.5 -2.9
UKIP Jack Bovill 507 1.0 -3.4
Independent Jagdeosingh Hauzaree 44 0.1 +0.1
Majority 18,651 35.7 +22.1
Turnout 52,252 71.8 +5.4
Registered electors 72,803
Labour hold Swing +11.0
General Election 2015: Hammersmith[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andy Slaughter 23,981 50.0 +6.1
Conservative Charlie Dewhirst[12] 17,463 36.4 0.0
Liberal Democrat Millicent Scott[13] 2,224 4.6 -11.3
Green David Akan[14] 2,105 4.4 +2.9
UKIP Richard Wood[15] 2,105 4.4 +3.2
Independent Stephen Brennan 82 0.2 +0.2
Majority 6,518 13.6 +6.1
Turnout 47,960 66.4 +0.8
Registered electors 72,254
Labour hold Swing +3.0
General Election 2010: Hammersmith[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Andy Slaughter* 20,810 43.9 N/A
Conservative Shaun Bailey 17,261 36.4 N/A
Liberal Democrat Merlene Emerson 7,567 15.9 N/A
Green Rollo Miles 696 1.5 N/A
UKIP Vanessa Crichton 551 1.2 N/A
BNP James Searle 432 0.9 N/A
Independent Stephen Brennan 135 0.3 N/A
Majority 3,549 7.5 N/A
Turnout 47,452 65.6 N/A
Registered electors 72,348
Labour win (new seat)
* Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament for the seat of Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush

Election results 1983–1992[edit]

General Election 1992: Hammersmith[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Soley 17,329 51.0 +6.0
Conservative JA Hennessy 12,575 37.0 −1.1
Liberal Democrat JH Bates 3,380 10.0 −5.0
Green RS Crosskey 546 1.6 +0.3
Natural Law KA Turner 89 0.3 +0.3
Anti-Federalist League Helen Szamuely 41 0.1 +0.1
Majority 4,754 14.0 +7.1
Turnout 33,960 71.5 −1.3
Registered electors 47,229
Labour hold Swing +3.6
General Election 1987: Hammersmith[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Soley 15,811 45.01 +3.54
Conservative Nirj Deva 13,396 38.14 +2.61
Liberal Simon Knott 5,241 14.92 +9.11
Green David Kirk 453 1.29 +0.30
Red Front John Fitzpatrick 125 0.36 N/A
Humanist Melanie Carrick 98 0.28 N/A
Majority 2,415 6.88 +0.94
Turnout 35,124 72.74 +1.49
Registered electors 48,285
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Hammersmith[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clive Soley 13,645 41.47 N/A
Conservative N. Mansfield 11,691 35.53 N/A
Social Democratic M. Starks 4,925 14.97 N/A
Liberal Simon Knott 1,912 5.81 N/A
Ecology Deborah Sutherland 325 0.99 N/A
National Front L. Bennett 250 0.76 N/A
Workers Revolutionary C. Dixon 81 0.25 N/A
Independent P. Dick 73 0.22 N/A
Majority 1,954 5.94 N/A
Turnout 32,902 71.25 N/A
Registered electors 46,178
Labour win (new seat)
  • Both Starks and Knott were official candidates of their respective local parties and both supported the Alliance between the Liberals and the SDP, however Starks was given endorsement by the both national parties.

Election Results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Sir W.J. Bull
December 1910 General Election: Hammersmith [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Bull 5,807 55.6 +1.0
Liberal George Blaiklock 4,645 44.4 -1.0
Majority 1,162 11.2 +2.0
Turnout 10,452 72.8 -13.2
Registered electors 14,362
Conservative hold Swing +1.0
January 1910 General Election: Hammersmith [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Bull 6,668 54.6 +6.2
Liberal George Blaiklock 5,542 45.4 +2.2
Majority 1,126 9.2 +4.0
Turnout 12,210 85.0 +9.6
Registered electors 14,362
Conservative hold Swing +4.2

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

1906 General Election: Hammersmith [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Bull 5,111 48.4 -23.2
Liberal George Blaiklock 4,562 43.2 +14.8
Independent Labour George Belt 885 8.4 N/A
Majority 549 5.2 -38.0
Turnout 10,558 75.4 +17.0
Registered electors 14,007
Conservative hold Swing -19.0
1900 General Election: Hammersmith [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Bull 5,458 71.6 +10.8
Liberal Michael Emil Lange 2,166 28.4 -10.8
Majority 3,292 43.2 +21.6
Turnout 7,624 58.4 -8.3
Registered electors 13,064
Conservative hold Swing +10.8

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

W.C. Steadman
1895 General Election: Hammersmith [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Goldsworthy 5,017 60.8 +6.7
Lib-Lab W. C. Steadman 3,238 39.2 -6.7
Majority 1,779 21.6 +13.4
Turnout 8,255 66.7 -3.6
Registered electors 12,378
Conservative hold Swing +6.7
Frank Smith
1892 General Election: Hammersmith [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Goldsworthy 4,387 54.1 -8.7
Lib-Lab Frank Smith 3,718 45.9 +8.7
Majority 669 8.2 -17.4
Turnout 8,105 70.3 +4.2
Registered electors 11,534
Conservative hold Swing -8.7

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

1886 General Election: Hammersmith [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Goldsworthy 3,991 62.8 +4.9
Liberal Frank Dethridge 2,362 37.2 -4.9
Majority 1,629 25.6 +9.8
Turnout 6,353 66.1 -10.5
Registered electors 9,611
Conservative hold Swing +4.9
1885 General Election: Hammersmith [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Goldsworthy 4,264 57.9 N/A
Liberal Thomas Chatfeild Clarke 3,095 42.1 N/A
Majority 1,169 15.8 N/A
Turnout 7,359 76.6 N/A
Registered electors 9,611
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, (48 & 49 Vict.) c. 23, Schedule 4
  2. ^ F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England, London, 1979
  3. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No. 417)
  4. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No. 1626)
  5. ^ Hammersmith UK Polling Report
  6. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2003-02-11. 
  7. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  8. ^ "Hammersmith parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  9. ^ House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf] House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report Check |url= value (help).  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ 3Aug15
  12. ^ "HAMMERSMITH 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk. 
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2015. 
  15. ^ "9a0". Archived from the original on 22 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  17. ^ Election 2010 – Hammersmith BBC News
  18. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  19. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°31′N 0°14′W / 51.51°N 0.23°W / 51.51; -0.23