Hammersmith is a parliamentary constituency in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It is currently represented by Andy Slaughter, a member of the Labour Party, who has represented the seat since its recreation in 2010.
For the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer, it is considered a
borough constituency, and as with all constituencies, elects one Member of Parliament using the first-past-the-post system.
Boundaries [ edit ]
Map of present boundaries
1885–1918 [ edit ] 1885–1918: The parishes of St Peter and St Paul, Hammersmith.
parliamentary borough of Hammersmith was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and consisted of the civil parish of Hammersmith (in Middlesex only until 1889 when it fell within the approximately 30,000 acres (120 km 2) that became part of the County of London under the Local Government Act 1888). Like almost all seats created from 1885 it returned one Member of Parliament. This was the first parliamentary constituency to be based on the town, which from 1868 to 1885 was at the westernmost part of  Chelsea and previously had been part of the parliamentary county of Middlesex. In 1900 the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith was formed, but this did not affect the constituency's boundaries.
The seat bordered to the west the
Ealing seat, to the north the large Harrow division of Middlesex seat, to the east Kensington North and Kensington South and to the south the large Kingston division of Surrey and, to the southeast, Fulham. In 1918 the Hammersmith constituency was divided into Hammersmith North and Hammersmith South constituencies.
1983–1997 [ edit ]
The second parliamentary borough constituency of Hammersmith was created in 1983.
By then the area was part of  Greater London and the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham (both created in 1965). The constituency consisted of ten wards of the London borough, namely Addison, Broadway, Brook Green, College Park and Old Oak, Coningham, Grove, Ravenscourt, Starch Green, White City and Shepherd's Bush, and Wormholt. The seat was entirely formed from the previous Hammersmith North constituency.
BBC Television Centre, Shepherd's Bush Market and the
Hammersmith Apollo was in this version of the constituency for its 14-year existence, however Westfield London shopping centre had not yet been built.
The constituency was abolished in 1997 and mostly replaced by
Hammersmith and Fulham. A northern slice of the seat became part of Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush. The new Hammersmith and Fulham constituency included the town centres of both Hammersmith and Fulham.
2010–present [ edit ]
Following a review of parliamentary boundaries in
North London, the Boundary Commission for England recreated the Hammersmith constituency for the 2010 general election, following major changes in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. The review also created new seats of Chelsea and Fulham and Kensington.
The current Hammersmith constituency is made up of the following ten electoral wards of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham: Addison, Askew, Avonmore and Brook Green, College Park and Old Oak, Fulham Reach, Hammersmith Broadway, North End, Ravenscourt Park, Shepherd's Bush Green, and Wormholt and White City.
The 2005 notional result was
Labour 44.6%, Conservative 31.1% and Liberal Democrat 19.2%.
Constituency profile [ edit ]
The constituency includes the western part of the
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, stretching from Wormwood Scrubs down to the River Thames. It takes in the commercial and business hub of Hammersmith itself, parts of northwestern Fulham, the western part of Earl's Court (the Exhibition Centre itself straddles the boundary between this constituency and the Kensington seat), West Kensington, Shepherd's Bush, and White City. The seat has northern areas with a much higher proportion of social housing dependency than the London average and overall this leads to the seat having slightly higher rates of unemployment and underemployment.
Political history since 2010
Labour Party candidate took a marginal majority of 7.5% of the vote in 2010. Slaughter's majority in 2015, 13.6%, made it the 156th safest of the party's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
In 2017, Slaughter increased his majority to 35.7%. In 2019, Slaughter's majority slipped slightly to 34.4%
Members of Parliament [ edit ]
Election results [ edit ]
Elections in the 2010s [ edit ]
* Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament for the seat of Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush
Election results 1983–1992 [ edit ]
Both Starks and Knott were official candidates of their respective local parties and both supported the Alliance between the Liberals and the SDP, however Starks was given endorsement by the both national parties.
Election Results 1885-1918 [ edit ]
Elections in the 1910s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1900s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1890s [ edit ]
Elections in the 1880s [ edit ]
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
"Chap. 23. Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885". . London: Eyre and Spottiswoode. 1885. pp. 111–198. The Public General Acts of the United Kingdom passed in the forty-eighth and forty-ninth years of the reign of Queen Victoria
^ Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885, (48 & 49 Vict.) c. 23, Schedule 4
^ F A Youngs Jr.,
Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England, London, 1979
^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No. 417)
^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No. 1626)
"Hammersmith: Seat, Ward and Prediction Details". Electoral Calculus . Retrieved . 17 December 2019
Hammersmith UK Polling Report
"Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 11 February 2003.
List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
"2019 General Election results". LBHF. 11 December 2019.
"Hammersmith parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
"General Election 2017: results and analysis" (2nd ed.). House of Commons Library. 2017.
"Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015 . Retrieved . 17 October 2015
"2015 General Election". LBHF. 4 December 2015.
"HAMMERSMITH 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk.
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 January 2015 . Retrieved . 20 January 2015 CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 January 2015 . Retrieved . 25 February 2015 CS1 maint: archived copy as title ( link)
"9a0". Archived from the original on 22 February 2015 . Retrieved . 22 February 2015
"Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013 . Retrieved . 17 October 2015
Election 2010 – Hammersmith BBC News
"Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011 . Retrieved . 6 December 2010
"Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
"Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011 . Retrieved . 18 October 2015
^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig.
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 51°31′N 0°14′W / 51.51°N 0.23°W