Hampton Bays, New York

Coordinates: 40°52′26″N 72°31′16″W / 40.87389°N 72.52111°W / 40.87389; -72.52111
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Hampton Bays, New York
Ponquogue Bridge over Shinnecock Inlet (new span on left) looking toward the Coast Guard station.
Ponquogue Bridge over Shinnecock Inlet (new span on left) looking toward the Coast Guard station.
Flag of Hampton Bays, New York
Hampton Bays, New York is located in New York
Hampton Bays, New York
Hampton Bays, New York
Coordinates: 40°52′26″N 72°31′16″W / 40.87389°N 72.52111°W / 40.87389; -72.52111
Country United States
State New York
 • Total20.51 sq mi (53.12 km2)
 • Land12.94 sq mi (33.50 km2)
 • Water7.57 sq mi (19.61 km2)
33 ft (10 m)
 • Total15,228
 • Density1,177.27/sq mi (454.54/km2)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00
ZIP Code
Area code(s)631, 934
FIPS code36-31896
GNIS feature ID0952135

Hampton Bays is a hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the Town of Southampton in Suffolk County, on Long Island, in New York. It is considered as part of the region of Long Island known as The Hamptons. The population was 13,603 at the 2010 census.[2]


The hamlet was settled in 1740 as "Good Ground", which became the main hamlet of eleven in the immediate area.[3][4] The area where Main Street, also known as Montauk Highway, is located today, was the approximate area of the original hamlet.[citation needed]

There were ten other hamlets in the area. They were called Canoe Place, East Tiana, Newtown, Ponquogue, Rampasture, Red Creek, Squiretown, Southport, Springville, and West Tiana. Most of these hamlets were settled by one or two families and had their own school house. Many of the names from the former hamlets are still featured as local street names today.[citation needed]

As a result of the growth of the surrounding hamlets and villages in the Hamptons and increased tourism from New York City, the eleven hamlets, although generally called "Good Ground" collectively by the early part of the 20th century, amalgamated under the name "Hampton Bays" in 1922.[3] The motive behind the name change was for the hamlet to benefit from the "Hamptons" trade that the community's neighbors were experiencing.[citation needed]

In the early 1970s and the 2010s, portions of Hampton Bays unsuccessfully attempted to incorporate itself as the Incorporated Village of Hampton Bays.[5][6][7]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 18.1 square miles (47.0 km2), of which 12.9 square miles (33.5 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13.4 km2), or 28.54%, is water.[2][8] The hamlet is surrounded by three bays, the Peconic Bay to the north, and Shinnecock and Tiana bays to the south. The two southern bays are a part of a greater bay system, called the Great South Bay system, which stretches from approximately Southampton Village to Jamaica Bay in New York City. The Shinnecock Canal, a man-made canal located in the eastern part of the hamlet, connects the Great Peconic Bay with the Shinnecock Bay. Shinnecock Inlet, which leads from the Shinnecock Bay to the Atlantic Ocean, is the easternmost inlet, making it very popular for commercial fishing. The inlet itself, which separates the barrier beaches of Hampton Bays from those of neighboring Southampton, was created in the 1938 New England hurricane when the forces of the hurricane washed over that area of barrier beach, connecting the waters of the Atlantic with the bay.

The Hampton Bays CDP is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the south; by the Shinnecock Inlet and the eastern portion of Shinnecock Bay to the east, beyond which lie the village of Southampton and the CDP of Shinnecock Hills; by Peconic Bay to the north, beyond which lie the towns of Southold and Riverhead; and by the CDPs of Flanders and East Quogue (still within the town of Southampton) to the west.

Hampton Bays is located approximately 81 miles (130 km) east of Manhattan.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 12,236 people, 4,877 households, and 3,092 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,016.1 inhabitants per square mile (392.3/km2). There were 6,875 housing units at an average density of 570.9 per square mile (220.4/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 92% White, 0.87% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 3.69% from other races, and 1.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2% of the population.

There were 4,877 households, out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 20.8% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $50,161, and the median income for a family was $58,773. Males had a median income of $47,633 versus $30,426 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $27,027. About 6.7% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty threshold, including 12.9% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.


Like most of the other communities in The Hamptons, tourism is a critical component of the local economy.

Commercial fishing remains a vital part of the Hampton Bays economy, centered on the fishing station at Shinnecock Inlet. After Montauk, Hampton Bays is the second-busiest commercial fishing port in the state of New York. According to 2014 statistics by the National Marine Fisheries Service, 4.7 million pounds of finfish and shellfish, worth $5.5 million, were landed in the Hampton Bays/Shinnecock port.[11]

Hampton Bays was used as the set of the 2007 movie Margot at the Wedding starring Nicole Kidman and Jack Black.


Hampton Bays is served by Hampton Bays Public Schools.[12] The district operates three schools. Hampton Bays Elementary School serves grades Pre-K-4,[13] and Hampton Bays Middle School, which fully opened in Fall 2008, serves grades 5-8. It is the first "green" school in New York state.[14][15] Hampton Bays High School serves grades 9-12.[12]

HB Schools' athletic teams are called the "Baymen", in honor of local commercial fishermen who work the hamlet's inland waters. Team colors are purple, black and white


WLIR-FM is a radio station licensed to serve Hampton Bays.


Hampton Bays is served by Sunrise Highway (NY 27), which is a major artery to the western parts of Long Island and New York City.[12] The hamlet is also served by Montauk Highway (NY 27A), which runs from Queens to Montauk. Montauk Highway serves as the "Main Street" of many hamlets and villages along the south shore of Long Island.

The Long Island Rail Road provides limited rail service seven days per week via the Montauk Branch connecting Hampton Bays to Montauk and New York City. Hampton Jitney and Hampton Luxury Liner coach bus services provide slightly more frequent passenger travel between New York City and Hampton Bays, especially during summer months. Local Suffolk County buses also provide service to neighboring areas.

The waterways in the area, including the Shinnecock Canal, provide invaluable routes for boats.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hampton Bays CDP, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Shepard, Richard F. (March 1, 1987). "ABOUT LONG ISLAND; WHAT'S IN A NAME? HISTORY". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  4. ^ "Good Ground (Suffolk County, NY)". roadsidethoughts.com. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  5. ^ "Hampton Bays Is Due to Vote Soon on Incorporation as Village". The New York Times. November 5, 1972. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 13, 2022.
  6. ^ Rattiner, Dan (June 6, 2013). "It Takes a Village? Hampton Bays Hamlet, Like Others Before It, Ponders Incorporation – Dan's Papers". www.danspapers.com. Retrieved September 13, 2022.
  7. ^ Jackson, Erica (January 17, 2013). "Civic Eyes Forming Village of Hampton Bays". Westhampton-Hampton Bays, NY Patch. Retrieved September 13, 2022.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ NOAA Fisheries (Total Commercial Fishery Landings At Major U. S. Ports Summarized By Year and Ranked By Poundage)
  12. ^ a b c d "Long Island Index: Interactive Map". www.longislandindexmaps.org. Retrieved August 27, 2021.
  13. ^ "Elementary School Grades K-4". Hampton Bays Public Schools.
  14. ^ "Middle School - Grades 5-8". Hampton Bays Public Schools.
  15. ^ "Hampton Bays Middle School is a GREEN School!". Retrieved January 12, 2013.

External links[edit]

Preceded by The Hamptons Succeeded by