Hampton County, South Carolina

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Hampton County, South Carolina
Hampton County Courthouse 3.jpg
Hampton County Courthouse
Map of South Carolina highlighting Hampton County
Location in the U.S. state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1878
Seat Hampton
Largest town Hampton
Area
 • Total 563 sq mi (1,458 km2)
 • Land 560 sq mi (1,450 km2)
 • Water 2.8 sq mi (7 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • (2010) 21,090
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.hamptoncountysc.org

Hampton County is a rural county located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,090.[1] Its county seat is Hampton.[2] It was named for Confederate Civil War general Wade Hampton, who in the late 1870s was elected as governor of South Carolina.[3] The county includes two small urban clusters: Hampton (2000 pop.: 4,011) and Estill (3,637).

History[edit]

After pushing out the Native Americans, English colonists and later European Americans developed the land largely for rice and cotton plantations, lucrative commodity crops dependent on the labor and skills of enslaved African Americans.

The county had a peak of population in 1910, when agriculture was still the mainstay of the economy. Thousands of African Americans left after that for urban areas, especially in the North, in the Great Migration. The mechanization of agriculture reduced farm jobs.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 563 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 560 square miles (1,500 km2) is land and 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

State protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 18,741
1890 20,544 9.6%
1900 23,738 15.5%
1910 25,126 5.8%
1920 19,550 −22.2%
1930 17,243 −11.8%
1940 17,465 1.3%
1950 18,027 3.2%
1960 17,425 −3.3%
1970 15,878 −8.9%
1980 18,159 14.4%
1990 18,191 0.2%
2000 21,386 17.6%
2010 21,090 −1.4%
Est. 2016 19,922 [5] −5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 21,386 people, 7,444 households, and 5,315 families residing in the county. The population density was 38 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 8,582 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 42.89% White, 55.67% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. 2.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,444 households out of which 34.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.90% were married couples living together, 18.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.19.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 103.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,771, and the median income for a family was $34,559. Males had a median income of $29,440 versus $20,418 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,129. About 17.80% of families and 21.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.60% of those under age 18 and 21.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,090 people, 7,598 households, and 5,211 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 37.7 inhabitants per square mile (14.6/km2). There were 9,140 housing units at an average density of 16.3 per square mile (6.3/km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 53.9% black or African American, 42.7% white, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.5% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 6.4% were Irish, 6.3% were American, 5.6% were German, and 5.3% were English.[13]

Of the 7,598 households, 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 19.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.15. The median age was 38.4 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,846 and the median income for a family was $43,234. Males had a median income of $31,935 versus $26,826 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,262. About 17.2% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.9% of those under age 18 and 19.7% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 39.6% 3,488 58.7% 5,170 1.7% 148
2012 36.0% 3,312 63.4% 5,834 0.7% 60
2008 36.8% 3,439 62.2% 5,816 1.0% 95
2004 38.6% 3,097 60.3% 4,832 1.1% 87
2000 36.1% 2,798 63.1% 4,896 0.8% 65
1996 28.9% 2,111 66.0% 4,828 5.2% 378
1992 32.6% 2,402 58.9% 4,332 8.5% 627
1988 44.8% 2,826 54.5% 3,435 0.7% 45
1984 47.9% 3,464 51.7% 3,736 0.4% 28
1980 33.6% 2,217 65.6% 4,329 0.9% 57
1976 31.0% 1,773 68.6% 3,923 0.5% 26
1972 57.6% 2,891 41.5% 2,086 0.9% 46
1968 32.0% 1,671 40.3% 2,107 27.8% 1,452
1964 61.1% 2,259 38.9% 1,439
1960 62.6% 1,322 37.4% 790
1956 17.5% 359 27.4% 564 55.1% 1,133
1952 67.5% 1,633 32.5% 787
1948 0.6% 10 5.0% 81 94.4% 1,531
1944 0.4% 3 67.7% 575 32.0% 272
1940 2.0% 24 98.0% 1,198
1936 0.6% 8 99.4% 1,253
1932 1.0% 18 99.0% 1,782
1928 1.7% 19 98.3% 1,098
1924 0.4% 3 99.1% 730 0.5% 4
1920 0.0% 0 100.0% 623
1916 0.0% 0 100.0% 852
1912 0.0% 0 100.0% 631
1904 0.0% 0 100.0% 1,079
1900 0.1% 1 99.9% 936

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 148. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 17, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°47′N 81°08′W / 32.78°N 81.14°W / 32.78; -81.14