Hampton Court Maze
Commissioned by King William III, the maze, which is about one-third of an acre, is planted in a trapezoid shape and was designed by George London and Henry Wise. It is located in the "wilderness" gardens of the palace. Planted between 1689 and 1695, the maze is not particularly difficult, taking about 20 minutes for a person to make his or her way to the middle. It was originally planted in hornbeam, later replaced by yew.
Psychologist Edmund Sanford took inspiration from the Hampton Court Maze in his idea to create mazes for laboratory rats to study learning. The maze is referenced in some works of literature, including humorist Jerome K. Jerome's Three Men in a Boat (1889) and Carol Shields' Larry's Party (1997).
- "Hampton Court Palace: The Maze". Historic Royal Palaces.
- Julie E. Bounford & Trevor Bounford, The Curious History of Mazes: 4,000 Years of Fascinating Twists and Turns with Over 100 Intriguing Puzzles to Solve (Wellfleet, 2018), p. 106.
- RHS Garden Finder 2006-2007: More Than 1,000 Gardens to Visit and Enjoy (ed. Charles Quest-Ritson: Think, 2006).
- C. James Goodwin, Research In Psychology: Methods and Design (Wiley: 2010), p. 110.
- C. James Goodwin, A History of Modern Psychology (Wiley, 2015), p. 159.